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This board is dedicated to the discussion of history and the other humanities such as philosophy, religion, law, classical artwork, archeology, anthropology, ancient languages, etc. Please use /lit/ for discussions of literature. Threads should be about specific topics, and the creation of "general" threads is discouraged.

For the purpose of determining what is history, please do not start threads about events taking place less than 25 years ago. Historical discussions should be focused on past events, and not their contemporary consequences. Discussion of modern politics, current events, popular culture, or other non-historical topics should be posted elsewhere. General discussions about international culture should go on /int/.

/his/ is not /pol/, and Global Rule #3 is in effect. Do not try to treat this board as /pol/ with dates. Blatant racism and trolling will not be tolerated, and a high level of discourse is expected. History can be examined from many different conflicting viewpoints; please treat other posters with respect and address the content of their post instead of attacking their character.

When discussing history, please reference credible source material, and provide as much supporting information as possible in your posts.

Define leftism
Define rightism
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Leftism is the hatred of hierarchy
Rightism is the acknowledgment of hierarchy
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>>13788829
Nazis believed the German working class and the German aristocracy were equal and should be treated equally
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>>13788829
>>13788836

If that was the case then right-wingers would accept Jews as their overlords instead of continuously rebelling against them
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>>13788774
Leftism is anything i think is gay and cringe.
Rightwing is anything i think is prudish and retarded.
Any other definition is wrong
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>>13788838
I didn't say I agree with the OP image, I was just asked to define the terms. I don't find them particularly useful myself, they destroy nuance and confuse discussion.

>lost to an "army" composed by less than 1000 inexperienced illiterate peasants without any knowledge of the local geography, local languages, local ethnicities and cultures, local history and without any logistical support from overseas.

Is the Japanese Imperial Family the most pathetic ruling dynasty in history?
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>>13788531
>Yet they still have their position, status, and wealth.
And 0 power since 1100s.
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>>13788729
Even before then since the Fujiwara were in control for most of the Heian period
>>
being a ceramonial monarch is probably the most based position you can have in your life, think about it
>don't have to do any hard work beyond some backroom talks to tell extremely unpopular retards to get their shit together
>most stress just comes from keeping a public appearance, but even then you will mostly be kept out of the spotlight to help maintain your image
>get a shitload of money, property, and privledges for just being a ceramonial head
>local population loves you despite being a glorified neet because you represent a status symbol
>no risk of ever getting couped so long as you don't try anything meaning your family won't have to worry about losing its position or even worse getting purged in case of shit going horribly wrong and a violent revolution happens
Its pretty much the ideal scenario anybody would ever want with only power hungry retards disagreeing, and those fags can never be satisfied to begin with so their opinions aren't really relevant
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>>13788787
>ceramonial monarch
except when the actual powers behind the throne assassinate or coup emperors they don't like whenever they felt like it
>>
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>give power to those who want it instead if fighting
>Have a system of blood ancestry so no one else can claim the title
>Dynasty is the longest lasting in the world
Nah they're genius

As someone who values hierarchy, I would feel great comfort to know that there is some creator of the universe, or some higher purpose to life itself. However, after reading Epicurus and Friedrich Nietzsche, I very much doubt that God even exists. What are some arguments against this? I haven’t even seen one Theist who can come up with a compelling argument against the Epicurean Paradox.

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Why did the Romans not industrially revolutionize? They had steam technology and might for giant projects like the aqueducts.
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>>13788786

>having a massive preexisting human work force is irrelevant

>>13788789

Why do they need to work faster anon? Faster at what?
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>>13788789
It's not that they can work faster. It's that in societies where slaves are utilized there's not a big incentive to spend time trying to create labor saving technologies.
The big thing here is metallurgy. Steam engines capable of doing serious work are not possible without boilers capable of containing some seriously high pressure.
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>>13788695
this shit again. that thing you posted was nothing but a mere toy with an efficiency of very close to zero.
it's like asking why the ancient chinese didn't build assault helicopters because they had the bamboo-copter toy that could fly for a couple of seconds
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>>13788695
Couple of reasons

>lack of the information archival and retrieval methods
pioneered by the medieval monasteries and later universities. Roman era technological breakthroughs happened mostly by accident, while the works of the likes of Hiero of Alexandria went ignored and forgotten. It simply wasn’t possible for the works of theoreticians to be archived and retrieved by engineers whose own work could be referenced by future generations of designers to be streamlined, fine tuned, and improved upon. The ancient world had libraries but not all the buildings that go around libraries, yet.

>High level equilibrium trap
despite the screechings of Christcucks bragging about the birthrates of subsaharan Africans, more population isn’t necessarily an advantage. you can end up with conditions where labor is so cheap and abundant as to be effectively worthless, and nobody has any economic incentive to invest in labor saving machinery. Great Britain in the 18th century had little ice age climate conditions and the pressures of colonial migration keeping their labor costs high enough to warrant investment in industrial machinery. In fact a bloated Roman population brought a bigger problem: gigantic pandemics the likes of which the world had never seen. When your system is based on the assumption of near-free labor, it can’t really adapt that well when something causes that labor to go away, gimping the economy for decades on end

>Stable monetary policy
hard to get a business off the ground when the currency is a clusterfuck of bad coins driving out good coins

>Stable political institutions
also hard to build a business when your local usurper sends his goons to your establishment to raid it for more war money. Property claims in the empire were subject to the whims of strongmen where in the early modern period there were institutions like monarchy or parliament which restrained rulers.


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>>13788848
the romans traded with china, india and pretty much every corner of the globe roman merchants went.

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Is liberal democracy the final form of political systems? Will there ever be something else in the future?
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>>13788808
The internet is beginning to show the limitations of liberal democracy. When literal foreigners can influence your democratic process making shills whip up convenient bits of your populace, you begin to wonder if everyone deserves to have a vote.
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>>13788832
Will fall out of fashion in face of what?
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>>13788832
>Ancient Greece.
>Liberal democracy.
They literally had slaves & nobles, and believed the law applied differently to different classes of people.
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>>13788844
America had slaves in the 18th and 19th century, but it was still a liberal democracy.
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>>13788808
Monarchism again, like the previous 5000 years. Liberal democracy is going to have a short run, since it apparently just devolves into being run by the worlds biggest psychopaths and parasites, who create a foundation of lies and culture of weakness.

Which war/era would be the most interesting to have a zombie apocalypse in? I.e these zombies have a few buffs/debuffs.
>Fully Sentient and intelligent but every action is fueled by their hunger
>Slightly superhuman when it comes to speed and strength
>Chopping off their head is a good technique to subdue them but it doesn't kill them
>Zombies have a small chance of evolving, not in a super fast way but they slowly gain defenses against certain thing, i.e a bunch of zombies over the past few years get used to being burnt by fire, a new wave of zombies have protection against fire
How different could certain historical timelines go?

What happened to the job market since the 1950s?
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>>13788803
Feminism happened.

Women entering the workforce in large numbers meant that the labor supply nearly doubled, while the number of consumers remained the same. As a result, there became a permanent labor surplus, which meant that instead of employers having to compete for employees, employees had to compete for jobs. The working class no longer have any bargaining power, because the company can just fire them and hire someone else.
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>>13788817
This. Fuck feminism. Now women are almost forced to work because men can’t provide for a family on their own because the women labor drove wages down. Women are more like men and men are more like women, it’s bullshit. I’m no longer afraid to voice this publicly because it’s just the truth. Should women work? Well why not? They’re just taking advantage of the situation. But this never should have been a thing to begin with.

Debunk Holocaust denial.
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>>13788788
of course you deserved it, for daring to honestly think you had ANY reason to be dictating how we run things in our own countries. stay in the USA, stop trying to globalize the world.
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>>13788780
>they were published and translated by historians into multiple languages
As would anything that gets out to the public.
>It's not easier and less risky to fabricate statistics than it is to destroy a few sheets of paper written by a prisoner on death row.
Look at what actually happened. People were increasingly threatened with their livelihoods for not trumpeting the official narrative. Many people were fired or lost their jobs or careers just because they were not endorsing every campfire story that was ever told about this subject. This is definitely one of those things where any different views in any sense about the facts here wasn't allowed. Sort of like you have in an official, state religion: one has to follow the official dogma and nothing else, or else. And this is abnormal, because there's really no freedom of inquiry. Eventually, there were even outright laws made to prevent talking about this subject in a way that questions the official narrative. So it looks like this guy's letters weren't relevant to any of that.
>In any case it's ridiculously easy to burn a letter without anyone finding out
Yeah, but I guess there was no conspiracy so there was no reason for anyone to do that. That's the most likely explanation. But punishing people severely for questioning it officially is still part of the state religion today, for some reason.
>>
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>>13788686
>NAPOLEON DID NOT EXIST! I REFUSE TO BELIEVE IT UNTIL I SEE THE BOMES!

That can really be applied to any living person of the past. Napolean existed in a time before photography. Cameras had widespread use during the 1940s. Also, do you honestly believe that the French army was led by itself without any general/emperor?

There is something suspicious about the 6 million dead figure in the holocaust. That number was derived from an obscure passage in the torah that said "6 million jews will die in burning ovens". How can an ancient religious prophecy be so perfectly fulfilled? That's a sign that history itself was deliberately twisted and shaped by propogandists to fulfil a religious prophecy. I'm an atheist, so to me that's total bunk.
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>>13785391
Holocaust happened but has been exaggerated to some extent. it has been made a borderline mythical event at this point and the 6 million number is a rough estimate and takes little nuance into account. wooden doors don't keep heavy gases from killing people, lots of Jews throughout Europe just sopped existing so clearly something happened, the Germans had records of the camps kept to the new efficiency of computing power by IBM and their business relationship with them was well documented as well as the methods used. Holocaust denial is bullshit but Holocaust revisionism is an issue
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>>13788800
>stay in the USA, stop trying to globalize the world.

Don't be a hypocrite. Zionists/jews want to run the world as well. The USA is their unofficial (second?) base of operations. Zionists enabled and endorsed US globalism as they understood that in turn, they would be a part of that globalism.

The United States was instrumental in getting Zionist jews to where they are today.

buddhist: are you your leg?
me: i am not
buddhist: are you your arms?
me: i am not
buddhist: hence you are merely the sum of your parts
me: if we were bound exclusively to the sum of our parts, you could not conceive of nirvana
buddhist: then what are you?
me: the immortal soul, emanated by the poetry of the body, each limb a letter, each follicle a stroke of the pen of the creator
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>>13786662
You are as the yellow leaf.
The messengers of death are at hand.
You are to travel far away.
What will you take with you?
You are the lamp
To lighten the way.
Then hurry, hurry.
When your light shines
Without impurity or desire
You will come into the boundless country.
Your life is falling away.
Death is at hand.
Where will you rest on the way?
What have you taken with you?

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I am become death, the destroyer of worlds
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>>13786662
>me: if we were bound exclusively to the sum of our parts, you could not conceive of nirvana
I think he kinda concedes that point though. He says Nibanna is experienced. Not refuting the central premise here.
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>>13786662
Buddhist: you are a faggot

I don't see why any truly patriotic British person should be anti-semitic

>our best and single most imperialistic Prime Minister was a Jewish man named Benjamin Disraeli
>the Rothschilds funded British soldiers and British allies during the Napoleonic Wars
>Our national food fish and chips was invented by jews

And Britain recreated the state of Israel through the Balfour declaration, so we've done well by them too.

I don't know that any group has done as well by Jews as Brits, and vice versa

Jews helped give Britain the single largest empire in human history and Brits helped give Jews Israel.

Jew-hating continentals burned down Europe over and over again, not the Jews.
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>>13788798
'ate gentiles
'ate goyim
'ate pork
luv me zionism
luv me jews
luv me rothschilds

Simple as.
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>>13788827
He hated slavs and loved turks too
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>>13784727
"British" "culture" fucking sucks for the most part. All it essentially amounts to is propping up a power system that allows a tiny upper class elite to rape the world, including most of the inhabitants of their own country. The real traditional English culture was mostly killed by the industrial revolution and the encroachment of institutional Britishness, and unlike in Ireland, Scotland and Wales never redefined itself in opposition to it.
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>>13785394
I'm a Jew and I don't resent any Europeans other than Germans and Polacks.
>>
>>13788831
'ate slavs
luv turks

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So, I'm looking forward to starting RCIA soon and I've been on a bit of a journey to find a saint I can really relate to or has shown virtues which I really seek to have in myself. So far I've looked at Sts Kolbe and Padre Pio but, although they were great saints, they didn't exactly exemplify the specific perculiarities or virtues I have or want to gain for myself. At least not to the degree that I want.

So, only familiarity part I'm looking for a very introspective and self judgmental Saint. One who everyday constantly looked at people around him as well as himself and tried to understand humanity and himself better so that he could not only be of benefit and help others but also relate to others better. Like, almost a therapist or psychologist type saint who constantly looks into himself to see the root of his actions, understand himself and then remedy it and perhaps he wrote about his observations and gave remedies to it.

On the other hand if that isn't out there then I would like a saint who was known to be a guy people could rely on be it physical, intellectual or spiritual advice and support. Like, "oh, I don't know how to figure out this problem. Oh, wait St X can help. Hey Saint X can you help me with this problem." Or "We really need to get rid of this but it's gonna take some time and a lot of effort, oh Saint X is strong, he will be able to solve the issue in no time." Or "I wish I could get over this issue, oh wait, Saint X always has ways to help me get through my issues. Perhaps I could ask him for help."

Even a saint who was unjudgmental and sat along druggies, homeless and the lowest of society without looking down on them but instead being an aid to them, a hear that will hear their cries and wouldn't walk past them on the street with a smug look or not even looking at them at all.

Any reccs? The more the merrier. I have a whole year to choose and I don't mind reading about 100 saints if I have to in order to help me choose.
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>>13788650
St. Francis of Assisi
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>>13788650
Wow, all the ill effects of the doctrine of intercession in one tidy post.

>Hey Saint X can you help me with this problem." Or "We really need to get rid of this but it's gonna take some time and a lot of effort, oh Saint X is strong, he will be able to solve the issue in no time." Or "I wish I could get over this issue, oh wait, Saint X always has ways to help me get through my issues. Perhaps I could ask him for help

The only one who can help you is Jesus, bud.
>>
Maybe consider a Saint that excels in virtue that you are lacking in? I chose mine due to my problem with pride.
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>>13788674
The saints are not dead and can still pray for you bud. The lives of the saints are there to help you and motivate you because God deemed it so, for we are social beings. Christ is the finish line, and it is a joy to journey with Christians with the like goal of becoming Christ like.
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>>13788650
st backpack

Do you think Jesus masturbated?
He was a teenage boy at one point after all.
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>>13788816
He had a wife and kids so...
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nobody masturbated until the jews invented in weimar germany
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>>13788816
Since the Jews were circumcised I can see how this might have been quite a situation to be in at the time
>>
jesus was born from his mother cheating

he was an essene and this makes me doubt him having a family and such, he was probably "taken" by them young

eventually got bored of the injustice he was seeing (as essenes had knowledge of scripture) and started arguing in the temples (which essenes usually didnt visit)
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>>13788826
The term "weiner" is actually a bastardization of "Weimar", in reference to the sexual deviance of the Interwar republic

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>Idolatry is forbidden
>Everyone just worships the book instead
Great job.
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>>13788590
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>>13788590
No, traditions of men are not above the Word of God.
You are a beast, and you wear a priest outfit to cover your ugly beast heart.
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unironically I do believe protestants view of sola scriptura does turn the bible into an idol
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>>13788590
Why hold two bibles?
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>>13788640
Advanced retardation


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