Anti-theist philosophising aside.
Richard Dawkins is prominent for establishing the gene as the unit of selection in evolution. the gene is what carries a particular trait onto offspring, usually segments of dna. genes can be favoured for survival by creatures carring the genes either protecting themselves or protecting or even sacrificing for other creatures that carry the same gene. This explains how creatures can evolve to behave in a selfless way, and is discussed in his book titled "the selfish gene". This video kinda gives a brief overview. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2mTVtToioLgAs an aside it is conjectured that humans have empathy for people that aren't closely related because ancestors would live in small groups which would naturally share similar genes, so we didn't need to bother evolving ways to discriminate who shared our genes, and so we can now empathize with peoples that do not benefit our survival or the survival of genes we may share.
as a minor clarification to my previous post, what dawkins pointed out was that genes are the things being selected by evolution, not individual creatures themselves.
>>15152587Yes, our bodies are 'survival machines' piloted by 'selfish' genes.
>>15152541He's gonna die soon.
Also less scientifically important compared to is gene theory but still a interesting line of thought is his meme theory. since information or "memes" being passed between humans can be considered as a kind of reproduction with potential for mutations, we can consider information or "memes" as something that can be described by evolution as something that evolves to favor survival and reproduction, which in the case of memes entails retelling. one obvious example of a "meme" is religion, which obviously appeals to primal desires and fears to encourage people to retell it, and dawkins would describe the relationship between humans and religion as parasitic in nature.
>>15152597our bodies are not JUST survival machines BECAUSE genes are the things that are being selfish. This means creatures evolve to protect the genes that it happens to carry, often even if those genes aren't contained by the same creature or even the same species.
>>15152597"Selfish Gene" theory has actually been discarded lately in favor of group fitness theories and population genetics. He's regarded as basing his ideas on very scant evidence to prove a political point.
>>15153918Last I checked, population genetics was based on evolutionary theory as well.
>>15152541he invented memes
>>15153997Memes are unironically his single most important achievement.
>>15152541https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2tIwYNioDL8He made this infinitely mind-fuck song
>>15152541One of the top-tier biologists, for whatever that's worth (not much on here), a terrible theologists, though who is way beyond his domain.
>>15152848I'm not a expert on evolutionary biology but from a cursory search on the wiki for group selection the criticisms section says "The vast majority of behavioural biologists have not been convinced by renewed attempts to revisit group selection as a plausible mechanism of evolution" and goes on briefly to elaborate why. The most recent citation ive seen in that section is something from 2018. I would be greatly interested in reading the source for your claim that selfish gene theory has been discarded lately in favour of group fitness theories if you would be so kind.
>>15155274Wikipedia is not a valid source of scientific consensus. They share the same political (aka unscientific) reasons for wanting to neglect group selection, which the field does not share with them.
>>15152575>Richard Dawkins is prominent for establishing the gene as the unit of selection in evolutionHe popularized it. He didn't establish it. It was already established at the time he was still writing his thesis about chicken's pecking at shit. >As an aside it is conjectured that humans have empathy for people that aren't closely related because ancestors would live in small groups which would naturally share similar genes, so we didn't need to bother evolving ways to discriminate who shared our genes, and so we can now empathize with peoples that do not benefit our survival or the survival of genes we may share.You're right that it's conjecture. Species show empathy all the time and it clearly doesn't help their genes or the genes of their close relatives. Look at gif related. How does that help spread the dog's genes?
Somehow evolutionism beats the 2nd law of thermodynamics and genetic entropy, but let's just ignore or change science to fit our religious goals. Also ignore the issue of abiogenesis because they're lying sacks of shit. Not science.
>>15152610>"memes" as something that can be described by evolution as something that evolves to favor survival and reproduction>dawkins would describe the relationship between humans and religion as parasitic in naturehe would say the currently evolved memes which evolved over 100s of thousands of years alongside humanity are parasitic instead of fitting with his basic model? so he doesn't believe his own meme theory?
>>15156819>Species show empathy all the time and it clearly doesn't help their genes or the genes of their close relatives.>Look at gif related. How does that help spread the dog's genes?We bred those genes into them. Literally the opposite of natural selection.
>>15152605how many boosters is he on?
>>15156880>We bred those genes into them. Literally the opposite of natural selection.First no we didn't. Dogs feeling empathetic for humans confer a gene propagation advantage, since humans of course reward good dog behavior, but the trait is only useful for giving empathy to humans. Not fish. I don't see any reason to believe there is an "empathy for food that wiggles" gene(s) in dogs that humans "bred into them".Also, paradoxical empathy has been observed in nature too. Granted it's much more rare (I was being a little too general when I said we see it all the time), but it still happens. Vid below has a baby antelope and a lion was helping it. Quite a "lion laying down with the lamb" scenario. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZw-1BfHFKM
>>15157056>lion laying down with the lambYou mean the wolf?The Bible never mentions lions laying with lambs. Enjoy your Mandela effect :^)>The wolf will live with the lamb>Isaiah 11:6
>>15153918incoherent atheistcuck seethe
>>15152541Boning Lalla Ward (10/10 in bongland).
>>15152541his cringiness is off the chartironically, he has no other worthwhile contribution aside from his overused le religions bad memes