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File: Rockford_Summary.png (131 KB, 1280x720)
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>global warming doesn't exis
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Are you telling us to shut up and go back to CONSOOOOOOOOING the fossil fuels from THE GOOD GOYS over at Koch, ExxonMobil, General motors, etc.!?!? Those billionaire GOOD GUYS would never lobby, spread mis/disinfo, fund bad science, and pay actors on social media!

>You actually believe you don't have to prove two data sets are related
There is a measured, casual relationship between CO2 and temperature based on the intrinsic properties of the gas. You are still refusing to read any of the publications posted.
>I refuse to accept basic measurements on the properties of a gas
I don't recall any peer-reviewed study that predicted "frying the world" or "boiling the oceans" etc. due to anthropogenic global warming. We're not going to see Venus-like conditions on Earth. Please stop arguing with a straw man.

>frying the world
is quite a change of narrative. The last post was about
>any extra will require massive increases in atmospheric concentration [of CO2] for very slight and decreasing returns
CO2 concentration in air has raised exponentially from the 1800s from historical data though. Unless you are trying to say that Hawaii stations are a scam

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What is the primary cause of the Oedipus Complex?
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>imagine one of the hottest women in the world you have ever seen, a woman you would love to have sex with.... Now imagine she was your mom
Yeah that makes it even hotter

I think I might be a little sick desu. In general I find incest porn gross, but mom and elder sister stuff, I love. I don't even have an elder sister. (I have a younger one but the very idea of sex with a "younger sister" is gross to me).
>I have a younger one but the very idea of sex with a "younger sister" is gross to me).
guarantee she thinks about it with you. Most younger sisters look up to their older brothers in a fatherly way, but since they aren't their father, they tend to get sexual feelings for them. nip that shit in the bud when she shows that. hook her up with your friends instead.
No I meant, not imagine just imagine she was like fantasy, I mean imagine the woman you now think I'm the world is the hottest, imagine all the sudden we time warped back to your adolescence and that woman as hot as she is now, is actually your real mom. The point I'm trying to make being, who you percieve as visually stunning is you percieving a body and face as visually stunning, can you turn off that perception of beauty and sexiness if it's your mom.
Personally I was abused mentally and emotionally by my mother at a young age which lead to resentment on my end. I used to watch porn involving mom/son or 'MILF', but I think it has to due with feelings of neglect and an emptiness within the soul. A yearning for comfort from a guiding feminine force that may transform into something sexual once you get older. I always thought the idea of being with a nice looking older woman was arousing, and I have always been attracted to the mature female form, even if it is 'contrary' to nature. It is definitely not normative or healthy, and I have personally never fantasized about my own mom. This seems to be the only reasonable explanation that I can rationalize. I think it may stem from abuse or repressed feelings of vulnerability.

File: Lecture_4_MRFs.pdf (1.03 MB, PDF)
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I wished to learn what CRFs (and graphic models) are multiple times.

First when read about JSNice and wanted to recreate it locally.
Second when learned TTS.
Third - now, one NLP lib is based on CRFs and I need to understand ite limitation and retrain it to my language.

Also I ghess this class of models can be useful in my NLP tasks.

Please give me a succinct and simple explaination assumming no background in graphical models at all. Something that will allow me to create an own rudimentary impl of CRF from scratch.

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Is this correct? Did I miss and/or misplace something?
P.S.: sorry if this isn't the best board for this, I couldn't find better
knowledge isn't an acyclic graph

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I know this thread probably belongs to /g/ but I'd rather ask people that actually read such contents. I am currently using an android tablet and this works, but I was wondering if there are better alternatives, maybe something lighter on the eyes but still with great support for numerous formats like pdf/djvu
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Pic rel is my daily driver.
Kobo Clara is good for reading textbooks in my experience
I have an older kindle with no backlogged feature/bluelight at all. It's very easy on the eyes especially since I've had concussion related problems to reading before. It's alot less taxing on my eyes than reading off a screen.
Remarkable 2, not only for reading but also for writing tons of math
I have tried many things and have not found anything that comes even close to an iPad. Plus if you get one with the pencil then you have a PDF reader + notebook in one.

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Elastration is a common method to castrate livestock, that is told to be painless compared to direct methods. However, what if an animal was to be castrated quickly, would it be less painfull in total then? Here is an example of what I mean https://youtu.be/lveKtu1BSIw
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Oh, I am trans btw if that matters.
Source: top result on GOOGLE
Ok, given that elastration was specifically made for livestock one could foresee that this method would not work well. But what about the Henderson drill method? It is said to cause minimal bleeding through the torsion as shown in the video
Warning to all trannies who want to do this stupid shit: You need the skin from your scrotum for a vaginoplasty to make the lips of the vulva. If you want your testicles gone just get an orchiectomy first. They're way cheaper, any hospital does them, and you're in and out the same day.
No sane person would try doing Henderson method on themselves, there are way safer alternatives. I am just askin what would happen if someone tried using the Henderson Drill method

Not any two rings are linked to each other. So why can't you pull them apart?
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I was wrong this is an actual Borromean ring
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The image depicted in OP is an illusion, but you have the same problem with flexible strings, and that is not an illusion. I would assume >>14498961 is correct, but I suck ass at algebraic topology.

It's like a higher order entanglement. They are pairwise not linked, but taken as a whole, the three objects are linked.
It's called the Massey product btw, I couldn't remember the name. Massey himself called it the triple product.
its obvious
>This is an optical illusion
it's just stupid rendering. the rings would need to be bent a little, but that's all. the setup is physically possible.

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If I learn too much stuff, will I eventually run out of space in my brain?
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Define "space''
Everyone has 100% perfect memory but not everyone has the ability to decompress more than a tiny fraction of it.

The only people capable of accessing their memories extensively are utter spergs in some other part of their life. Decompression isn't free.
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retards who think this analogy is faulty are invariably ignorant of comupter science. the brain is a computer in the sense that it realizes a Turing machine.
>... I'm a computer scientist
and your dad works at nintendo, right?
fucking liars, I swear.

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Why? Always liked to read TRF
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This place went to dogshit, dont blame him for leaving.
>capable of advancing string theory
"capable" maybe, but he hasn't actually done anything in the past 15-20 years
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Look at that thing his doing with his facial expression. That's the "I love goatse" face.

They put goatse's face in the backrooms video at t=211s to highlight that he has the same last name Tooker that I have. He's this cunt face gay bastard making that half-snarl face with the Biden mask in the white house lately. He was also The Solipsist in Daisy's Destruction and, since CTMU is a solipsist manifesto, I assume he was the tard that wrote the CTMU paper in Langan's name and using the ~scoffs~ second person voice.
Jonathan how are you?
Based Tooker destroyed CTMU

What do you consider to be a better indicator of the academic readiness of a student for college/uni - GPA or standardized testing results?
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For grad school the only two indicators for success past the first year we're the scores of your letters of rec and number of papers published.

Gpa, gre, sat, etc. Didn't correlate with success in any meaningful way.
Many universities are test-optional, but you’d be shouting yourself in the foot, to an extent. You’d need to give a good reason for not submitting a score.
No, they are both completely useless.
Most top unis only use them as a tool for filtering out retards anyways. If you aren’t retarded 1500+ SAT and 3.7+ GPA is easy. Even that has started to fail though as the Chinese just cheat regardless, so a lot of unis are dropping those as well
A 1500+ SAT is easy? I mean, the contents of the exam are easy, yes, but isn’t a 1500 a 98%ile score? Does that mean 99% of the population ( 99 instead of 98 since SAT takers aren’t a representative sample ) are just total retards?

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What did NIH mean by this?

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>>What did NIH mean by this?
>The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Journal or its management.
The white race is dying and theres nothing you can do about it.
>theres nothing you can do about it.
that's where you're wrong son
>The white race is dying and theres nothing you can do about it.
Without whites, the entire species devolves back into primates. Scientific fact that was formed in the 1800s by Darwin, among others, when they observed certain isolated tribes in Africa and South America.
all it took is to hire them.

Why don't hunter-gatherers or animals outside of captivity need antidepressants?
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"Chemical imbalance" (monoamine hypothesis of depression) came about because in the early 1950s a couple of medical researchers noticed their new antibiotic drugs for treating tuberculosis had the side effect of improved mood.
This led to attempts to find / develop other drugs similar in mechanism of action to those TB drugs, which became the category of pharmaceuticals today called antidepressants.
Aside from being antibiotics, the TB drugs were known to be MAO inhibitors, so the work of producing antidepressants became oriented around mechanisms of action that alter monoaminergoc systems and finding ways to mitigate toxicity / unwanted side effects while altering these systems, the latter motivation in particular being why MAOIs were later joined by tricyclics and SSRIs as other antidepressant classes.
This is pretty common in pharmaceutical history where you accidentally discover some drug helps with some unrelated issue to the one the drug was originally being used for, which then leads to new ideas about how problems those drugs turn out to be good for might actually come about to begin with. In the case of "chemical imbalance," that phrase was more of a marketing term meant to simplify the idea and get more people asking their doctors for antidepressant drugs. And of course just because a certain kind of drug can help with a condition doesn't necessarily mean that condition must be caused by a lack or imbalance of what that drug adds.
Obviously for example cancer isn't caused by a morphine deficit or imbalance just because morphine eases the suffering of cancer patients. And the slew of different diseases treated with prednisone aren't all caused by a lack of cortisol.
it's pseud speak for cranks and drug dealers who think the brain is a simple organ. disregard anyone who uses the term.
I always saw depression as a feature of the new brain.
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>In the case of "chemical imbalance," that phrase was more of a marketing term meant to simplify the idea and get more people asking their doctors for antidepressant drugs. And of course just because a certain kind of drug can help with a condition doesn't necessarily mean that condition must be caused by a lack or imbalance of what that drug adds.
This is a moot discussion. Any state of mind can be broadly characterized by the associated neurotransmitter levels in various parts of the brain (unless it's literal brain damage), so it's not technically wrong to claim that depression is caused by chemical "imbalances" in the brain: neurotransmitter levels are the last link in the causal chain. Of course, you can't just blame the neurotransmitters, because the abnormal state could be induced by external stressors, but here's where things get really muddy: sometimes the brain gets stuck in a loop reinforcing a depressed state even after the original stressors are gone, and when you're in that position, every problem becomes a stressor; not only that, but you start creating an endless stream of new stessors just by interpreting everything like a doomer, and you'll be 100% convinced that shit you otherwise wouldn't care about is causing your depression. Ultimately, it still boils down to a toxic and unnatural environment that constantly stresses you out psychologically, and makes you vulnerable to such loops on a purely physiological level through poor sleep, poor nutrition, lack of exercise, lack of sun exposure etc.
Depression is largely a civilizatory disease more complex than chemical imbalance, and animals don't have civilizations, although animals can have depression. Anyone that ever encountered a mistreated dog can profess that, especially if you also experience life slowly returning to their minds and bodies if they get a good place.

So this monkey virus has been around for years and never really done anything. Suddenly it’s popping up in countless western countries which should be impossible at it’s known infectiousness and rate of spread. What is going on 4chan scientists, did somebody weaponise it? Did it merge with covid? Are microplastics making diseases mutate more?
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>hard to telling these days with yall crazy LGXBHTSV white bois
true. sometimes you just wanna fuck those snowbunnies, no homo
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this but unironically
government disinformation
all pandemics were fake, controlled schizophrenia outbreaks. out of globohomos ass

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Is there a middle state between penis and vagina?
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well, there's middle states with groups like the guevedoces
hypospadias is one such state, though not in the middle but further on the male spectrum
It's called a paginis (pa-ja-nus)
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Damn bro that's like, deep

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If space was a vacuum of "empty space" how the hell do things float in it? It is obviously some kind of fluid fucking retards
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where can I find Tesla's banned content about aether? I have a nice idea about time travel
things "fall" in liquid too, we call it "sinking" dipshit
But they fall in what direction?
Gravity(GR), now shut the fuck up.
what is gravity?
>in before a force that makes you float in space
Nice tautology mouth breather

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