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>McKinley's administration had brought about the unexpected event of a war that resulted in the United States becoming the unwitting custodian of several overseas territories, including a restless archipelago with 7 million angry inhabitants. The popular president was renominated for a second term unanimously at the RNC in Philadelphia, the only question being finding a new vice president to replace Garrett Hobart, who had died the previous summer. Theodore Roosevelt, the "Rough Rider" hero of the Spanish-American War, had gotten elected governor of NY in the meantime and angered Republican boss Thomas Platt for his efforts to curb corruption in the state. Platt therefore proposed adding him to the ticket simply as a means of getting rid of the boisterous TR by putting him in a largely powerless post. TR accepted the offer. He had no desire to "die in the vice presidential burial ground" but wanted to prove that he could get the nomination if he sought it by giving a fiery speech before the delegates, who readily nominated him. Only Mark Hanna protested in vain that "that damned cowboy is one heartbeat from the White House."

>Admiral George Dewey emerged as a popular Democrat choice, but offended certain Protestant groups by marrying a Catholic. Dewey was also a poor campaigner and prone to serious verbal gaffes. As with many professional soldiers, he was also relatively ignorant of politics and admitted that he had never voted before, but if he had, he would have considered Grover Cleveland the only president in his lifetime worth voting for, and that being president was easy as one merely had to execute orders from Congress much as a soldier follows his commanding officer's orders. Perhaps more ominously (or prophetically) Dewey commented that Germany was likely the next nation the United States would go to war with.
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>Although Dewey had been the choice of conservative Bourbon Democrats, most quickly became disillusioned with him and began calling for William Jennings Bryan to run again. With Dewey's support fading, he withdrew from the race in May. At the DNC in Kansas City in July, Bryan was renominated virtually unopposed while Dewey rejected an offer to be put on the ticket as his running mate. Instead ex-Cleveland vice president Adlai Stevenson got the job.

>Overseas imperialism was the dominant issue of the 1900 election campaign, economic prosperity giving the Republicans a major position of strength to work from. The free silver issue was now dead in the water, but Bryan, a slave to consistency, refused to let it go. However, the real focus was on the aftermath of the Spanish-American War. Bryan had served as a volunteer colonel in Cuba although missed seeing any actual combat--despite his personal opposition to the war, he believed serving was his patriotic duty. However, he vehemently opposed US annexation of the Philippines and charged the Republican Party with abolishing slavery for 4 million blacks, only to reestablish it for 7 million Filipinos. The American electorate was thus put in an awkward position as many pro-gold conservatives agreed with Bryan's foreign policy stance but loathed his economic positions.
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>William McKinley, the soul of dignity, conducted another "porch" campaign from his Ohio home while TR actively went out on the stump circuit for him. The flamboyant vice president attracted large crowds and made a series of "skin 'em alive" speeches in which he denounced all traitors and cowards who would trample Old Glory into the dust. He managed to cut heavily into Bryan's support in the Midwest.

>Secretary of War Elihu Root meanwhile received a secret letter from General Arthur MacArthur reporting that all-out war was likely to erupt in the Philippines. However, most of the US Army in the islands remained firmly behind McKinley as soldiers' letters and diaries attest.

>With the country enjoying good times and a "full dinner pail", there seemed little convincing reason to change course, and on Election Day, McKinley was easily reelected with 292 EVs to Bryan's 155, and 51% of the popular vote to 45%. McKinley flipped six Western states that had gone to Bryan four years earlier, while the latter managed to flip just one state (Kentucky). Bryan did not even win his home state of Nebraska, which was carried by McKinley in a 3% margin. Voter turnout and overall enthusiasm fell off markedly from the intensely heated 1896 contest.

>The popular McKinley did not enjoy his second term very long. Six months after it began, he was shot and mortally wounded by an anarchist at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, NY.
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>>10239836
>William McKinley, the soul of dignity
Obama pales in comparison to McKinley. Stay above the fray, have other men do the dirty work, and get your dick sucked for eternity
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>>10239811
>McKinley's administration had brought about the unexpected event of a war that resulted in the United States becoming the unwitting custodian of several overseas territories, including a restless archipelago with 7 million angry inhabitants
Based McKinley
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Never forget that WJB had a lot to do with the rise of fundamentalist Christianity as an active (and kinda annoying) political force.
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>Roosevelt only became president because McKinley died and only became VP because Hobart died
What luck
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NV, MT, ID, and CO stayed with Bryan as they were big mining states. Two of them voted for him even in 1908.
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>>10239906
Something that he got from James A. Garfield who never in his life campaigned for office. Other people campaigned and stumped for him but he himself never did as he felt it unseemly and also believed that it was all up to divine Providence so the act of campaigning was pointless since it was all in God's hands anyway.
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>Bryan's pig-headed fixation with free silver cost him dearly in his second presidential attempt. Most voters would have agreed with the editor of the New York Press writing "Sit down, Mr. Bryan. You must be tired." The gold supply had more than doubled over the past three years while silver production was staying static or shrinking. Bryan however lacked the mental flexibility to adapt his campaign message--as ex-Speaker of the House Thomas Reed remarked, "[Bryan] would rather be wrong than be president." Not until 1907 would he finally give up on the silver issue.

>Certainly it was a liability to him as many voters who would have agreed with his opposition to the occupation of the Philippines were repelled by his stubborn obsession with silver. Many Bourbon Democrats, including former president Cleveland, had opposed the Spanish-American War but would not back Bryan for president due to his economic views.
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>Former president Harrison, also an opponent of the war and no enthusiast of McKinley, spoke against Bryan a few weeks before Election Day, which hurt the latter's chances in Indiana. MA Senator George F. Hoar, who led the opposition to the annexation treaty in the Senate, proclaimed that free silver was a ruinous idea. Hoar also found it puzzling how the party of slavery and Jim Crow could claim to be concerned with Filipinos' welfare. "[The Republican Party] has made, in my judgment, one great mistake. But with these two parties standing side by side, promising justice and good government to this Oriental people, I trust the party that has made but one mistake, rather than the party whose sole existence has been a mistake. I prefer the Government which the Republican party has established at home, to the Governments which the Democratic party has established and has sought to establish at home. I prefer freedom and justice and equality and local self-government after the pattern of New England and Massachusetts, rather than after the pattern of Mississippi and South Carolina. I like the gospel according to McKinley better than the gospel according to Bryan. I do not believe that Mr. Bryan or his associates will do better for ten million people of another race in the Philippine Islands than they have done and mean to do for ten million American citizens in the United States."

>Many prominent businessmen including Andrew Carnegie said that Bryan's domestic platform including free silver, a progressive income tax, and his proposed Supreme Court appointments was appalling. German-Americans also widely opposed silver--their homeland had dropped silver-backed currency in 1871, two years before the US did, and considered silver to be economically unsound.

>Bryan did get more support in the East than he had in 1896. If he dropped the silver issue, more could have been possible, and he lost several Western states this time around.
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>>10240255
>only became VP because Hobart died
Well that and because the Tammany bosses in NY wanted to get him out of their hair. It’s hilarious to see them put him in a office with no power, squashing his progressivist streak, only for him to then be catapulted into the presidency months later
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>>10240812
Even if McKinley didn't succumb to unnatural causes, he was still an overweight almost 60 year old man and the autopsy of him after his demise found that he wasn't in especially good health, for example his cardiac capacity was not particularly good.
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Also at only 40 Bryan was still considered by many as too young and inexperienced to be president. So there was that.
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>>10240281
Mine owners were among the few major campaign donors Bryan had. He never had much money in any of his presidential runs.
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>>10241131
He was 36 when he fist ran, and is still the youngest person to have Gotten an electoral vote
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>>10241131
What would have happened if Bryan actually won the presidency during one of his campaigns? I don’t really understand bimetallism.
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>>10241683
To try and put it simply, indebted Westerners and Southerners thought fiat money or silver would allow inflation so they could pay debts easier while the rich East supported the gold standard for inflation control purposes. This had its roots in 1873 when Congress ditched bimetallism and went to gold only. They gave up on silver because the government wasn't paying silver miners enough for their product so they went "Yeah fuck you" and stopped selling it to them. Meanwhile the Treasury tried to get rid of all remaining fiat paper money from the Civil War to control inflation and pay off the government's war debts. Populists wanted paper money and lots of it for inflation and easy debt repayment and were butthurt about the decision to go gold-only in 1873.

But then in the late 1870s when more silver was discovered, the Bland-Allison Act committed the Treasury to buy it, but only a minimal quantity. The SSPA in 1890 committed them to buying a lot more because the GOP was getting worried the rising Populist movement would steal the Western states out from under them.

By the time Bryan made an issue out of silver in 1896, it was an outdated question since new gold deposits were found in Alaska, Canada, and South Africa to allow for gradual inflation.
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ok
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bump
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>>10241683
to add on to what this anon says
>>10241719
People didn't fully understand economics back then, hell even today it's far from anything approaching a science.
The poor people particularly of the south and west just knew that the economy in 1896 was in the shitter, and the government took their silver away.
So many people just assumed that silver would help them because of party loyalty and mere guesswork then any complicated understanding of economics.

If Bryan became president his bimetalism would destroy the economy and worsen the depression, but all of the other genuinely good things about his platform would likely also go in to some extent.
So worker's rights, maybe women's rights, and needed progressive reform would be done 4 years earlier, but at the cost of worsening the economic depression
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>>10242516
Also Philippine Independence 45 years early would be a plus since it ended up being a drain on resources for no benefit.



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