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Welcome to /fglt/ - Friendly GNU/Linux Thread

Before asking for help, please check our list of resources.

If you would like to try out GNU/Linux you can do one of the following:
0) Install a GNU/Linux distribution of your choice in a Virtual Machine.
1) Use a live image and to boot directly into the GNU/Linux distribution without installing anything.
2) Dual boot the GNU/Linux distribution of your choice along with Windows or macOS.
3) Go balls deep and replace everything with GNU/Linux.

Resources: Please spend at least a minute to check a web search engine with your question.
*Many free software projects have active mailing lists.

$ man %command%
$ info %command%
$ %command% -h/--help/-?
$ help %builtin/keyword%

Don't know what to look for?
$ apropos %something%

Check the Wikis (most troubleshoots work for all distros):
https://wiki.archlinux.org
https://wiki.gentoo.org

/g/'s Wiki on GNU/Linux:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Category:GNU/Linux

>What distro should I choose?
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Babbies_First_Linux
>What are some cool programs?
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/list_of_applications
https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Main_Page
>What are some cool terminal commands?
https://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse
https://cheat.sh/
>Where can I learn the command line?
https://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashGuide
https://www.grymoire.com/Unix/
https://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit
>Where can I learn more about Free Software?
https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/philosophy.html
>How to break out of the botnet?
https://prism-break.org/en/categories/gnu-linux

/fglt/'s website and copypasta collection:
https://fglt.nl && https://p.teknik.io/wJ9Zy

/t/'s GNU/Linux Games: >>>/t/1041843

IRC: #sqt on irc.libera.chat
https://fglt.nl/irc.html

Previous thread: >>87444929
>>
woman %command%
>>
I'd like some help concerning the "tip" in this wiki page.

There's this part that states:
>To perform a check of the operation, zero the partition before creating the wipe container. After the wipe command blockdev --getsize64 /dev/mapper/container can be used to get the exact container size as root. After the container has been closed od can be used to spotcheck whether the wipe overwrote the zeroed sectors. For example, # od -j $((containersize - blocksize)) /dev/nvme0n1 to view the wipe completed to the end.

What is the expected output from od? I got a bunch of random numbers after using it in the closed container (the device itself). Does that mean it worked? Would it be all zeroes if it hadn't worked?

https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Dm-crypt/Drive_preparation#dm-crypt_wipe_on_an_empty_disk_or_partition
>>
>https://archlinux.org/packages/?q=dotnet
so this is the power of a bleeding edge, rolling distribution.
>>
>>87471227
Good job you cherry picked something that's out of date.
>>
How's the Debian sid stability? Should I use it over Debian testing?
>>
What should I do after installing Fedora? The RPM Fusion repo is a must right?
>>
>>87471438
This and the flathub repo.
Fedora just works mostly, so that's enough.
>>
>>87471438
Installing rpm-fusion is a must yep. Both the free and non-free parts.
Also tweak /etc/dnf/dnf.conf to use the fastest available mirror and to download things in parallel.
fastestmirror=True
max_parallel_downloads=number_you_want


Also setting up Flatpak like anon says here >>87471458 is a good idea
>>
Is there a compositor for Linux that will let me add a color to overlay the screen with and opacity of the color as a screen filter?
>>
How can I use the keys Pause and Scroll Lock in a terminal?
xev detects them but showkeys -a doesn't
Alacritty, xfce-terminal, XTerm, none of them recognize them
>>
>>87471618
Picom can probably do what you want. It's pretty much the de-facto X11 compositor.
>>
>>87471707
Thanks will try picom.
>>
>>87471227
Maintain it yourself if you're so concerned with it. What feature are you looking for that it doesn't have?
>>
I'm new to linux and trying to understand bash scripting and pipes and stuff and I'm going insane.
I've got a script where I just do

ls *.txt > list.txt
And it does what I want to do, which is list all files ending in .txt and outputs that text into a file.
But when I do

listArg=$1

ls $listArg > list.txt
And then do ./script.sh *.txt, it just puts one line of text into the file.
I just don't understand what the difference is, I've programmed before so I understand variables, why isn't this doing the exact same thing?
>>
is it impossible to use firefox or transmission with proxychains?

tutorials out there tell you they are the shit but all they do is quickly open the file in vim, keep the defaults and enable tor

i'm just trying to geo-bypass a video on youtube, so I input multiple https server the following way — i do not need tor
https <tab> ip . address . goes .  here <tab> port—number #no credentials as they are anonymous

but when I run `proxychains firefox www.youtube.com` it just won't work

what am I missing?
>>
>>87471121
>Does that mean it worked?
If the partition was zeroed out beforehand, yes.
>>
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>>87471016
>>
>>87472122
the * is expanded right away. So your script gets called with all .txt files as arguments, and listArg will just be the first one.
>>
>>87472122
>./script.sh *.txt
the shell performs shell expansion on *.txt and expands it into a list of files like a.txt b.txt c.txt etc
so when you do listArg=$1, it contains only the first filename in the list
>>
>>87472122
You should add a code block
If I understand you correctly
#!/bin/bash
listArg=$1
ls $listArg > list.txt

And then you're doing
$ .script.sh *.txt


You are making two mistakes if I understood correctly
1 You're using > which will overwrite the file and leave you with one line. You need >> to append to the file
2 You're already globbing when calling your script
script.sh *.txt will equal to script.sh file1 file2 file3 ...

You could rewrite your script to
#!/bin/bash
listArg=$1
ls *.${listArg} >> list.txt


$ .script.sh txt
>>
>>87472239
>>87472260
>>87472267
Oh wow, that makes more sense. Thanks for the help lads
>>
>>87472215
Very well. Thanks!
>>
having issues pairing Sennheiser headphones.
my Sony headset works just fine

journalctl shows error updating services: Connection reset by peer (104)
bluetoothctl giver org.bluez.Error.Failed br-connection-aborted-by-remote error
>>
>>87472286
Scratch 2
Actually you need >, not >> my bad
>>
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Just purchased a t450 for $130..

Was thinking about trying Pop OS since I've only ever been a windowsdesultory.

What do you guys honestly think of Pop?
>>
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How do I properly set up Gnome in Void Linux? I've installed it and I get this screen when starting.
>>
>>87472122
If you wanna make it this work, you can write it like
#!/bin/bash

# We use an array to properly store the command line contents
listArg=( "$@" )

ls "${listArg[@]}" > list.txt

or simply
#!/bin/bash

ls "$@" > list.txt
>>
>>87472524
Just use Fedora if you want GNOME.
>>
Someone post the windows r-tool links, paste in is dead and the website won't let me register
>>
>>87472885
https://cran.r-project.org/bin/windows/Rtools/
>>
>>87471618
Would this be possible with Kwin effects?
>>
nakadashi poettering-chan
>>
>>87473187
Why?
>>
Is there any way to turn off Kate's bracket autocompletion?
>>
I gave GNOME a honest try and I have to wonder, how do people use this? The first real roadblock was the lack of tray icons. Let's say you have progams like Steam, a torrent client, IRC and an IM client open, are you really supposed to dedicate a workspace for each of them? I know there's an extension for the tray, but I'd like to experience the true GNOME. I think I'll keep it though since this is just a backup laptop.
>>
>>87473552
Yes, in its settings. This may be specific to the file type.
What is your use case, why do you want that off?
>>
>>87473696
>how do people use this
Most Gnome users either:
- use Ubuntu's heavily customized version, or
- cope really hard, or
- are brain dead.
>>
When I right click on my xfce panel and click properties and other buttons, it disappears. What could be causing this?
>>
>>87473818
>it's in general editing options, not autocompletion editing options
Wew. Thanks, I would have skimmed over it for days on my own.
My use case is learning C. It's just getting in the way of writing and modifying dense expressions.
>>
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It is true than Void has better maintained manpages than other distros? Probably not, but i ask just in case. At least the online search interface is comfy.
>>
>>87474183
Not really. Void just has some very passionate fans that kinda overpraise how good it is sometimes.
You can get pretty much exactly what it offers via Artix with runit.
>>
>>87474019
Makes sense, keep in mind that there are multiple code formatting presets so chances are that Kate can already format exactly how you want.
Have fun learning.
>>
>>87474183
I don't know about their manpages but their toolchain is almost two years behind.
>>
>>87471016
Does anyone here use a dell xps 15 with nvidia gpu and linux? I'd love to get one without the dedicated gpu but it's only available heavily gimped in that config here in germoney.
Does the gpu still draw a lot of power under linux? I had a laptop with a nvidia gpu a few years ago with linux installed and it was very bad.
>>
>>87467274
nice nice. personally got tigervnc working pretty well but i'm also going to try xrdp as well and see how that performs.
>>
I deleted my post because I think I got the pen pressure working.
>but how? Don't just post that and run away.

In my graphics tablet settings, there are two detected cintiq tablets for some reason, one of them has touch appended to its name and doesn't have any devices attached to it. This is presumably the source of the solid, mouse like conflict. Now, there's no way I can see of disabling it normally, but you can disable the one causing problems by disabling the keybind for disabling on the one that works, and then hitting meta-ctrl-T to turn the other one off. There's probably a way of doing this from the command line.

But hey, I must have tried to fix this for 6 months. Now there's pretty much no reason for me to ever use Windows. Maybe I'll gas my VM.
>>
So eh, i want to switch from xfce to awesomewm.
What would be the safest way to go about this?
Install awesome -> get a session going with it -> purge all the xfce packages and go from there?
I would probably need a display manager aswell right?

Besides, what does xfce really add that awesome doesn't? i just want a status bar and a window manager and maybe a file manager.
>>
You guys know of a good comic reader, or of a way to make MuPDF read .cbr files? It only handles CBZ for some reason. I've been just unzipping cbr files which is a bit inconvenient.
>>
>>87475113
if you like mupdf i know zathura can read cbr files
>>
I know it may seem like a meme question, but how do i get thumbnails in the file picker in Fedora KDE? It seems to use the GTK file chooser despite the DE being KDE
>>
>>87475186
Based, just what I needed. Thanks.
>>
>>87475201
you need to install extra stuff tho, iirc the package is named zathura-cb on arch
>>
>>87475214
Yeah, I got it. It seems like zathura is just mupdf but better.
>>
should i use dxvk async?
>>
>>87471016
https://github.com/HansKristian-Work/vkd3d-proton

How exactly do I use this? I see no tutorial on exactly what to do here, also side note I FUCKING HATE GITHUB its design is so fucking convoluted
>>
>>87475600
What do you mean? The Github page just says to drop it in to replace d3d12.dll. It should register as that dll. If not then you can use a dlloverride launch command.
>>
>>87475630
ok so download file from github then copy and paste it into game file then boot the game with proton?
>>
>>87475639
Yeah, looks like it, from what I can tell. There's a shell script included with the release but it looks like it's to create a dll override which shouldn't be necessary if you're running a game from Steam Proton. Just drag and drop the dll.
>>
>>87475692
Coolie thought Linux had no DXR support for a bit and got sad :(
>>
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>grep: (standard input): binary file matches
>>
linuks r teh w0rst operating system X--D
windows ftw!!!
>>
>>87475748
I don't get what you're referring to but thanks for the gem, chud.
>>
>>87473696
The tray is an abstraction on window management and an unnecessary one at that. Windows don't need to be minimized to a unique place when they can live in the background, available in a moment with a simple shortcut. There's a reason why gnome doesn't have desktop icons, it's a legacy and pointless abstraction on a folder.
>>
>>87471016
What's the least pozzed version of Linux out there now?
>>
>>87475906
The one you've compiled yourself.
>>
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>>87475761
>>
>>87475862
Clicking on a small image out of the way is a simple shortcut which also doesn't waste human executive memory on input shortcuts
>>
>>87475906
I'd just like to interject for a moment. What you're referring to as Linux, is in fact, GNU/Linux, or as I've recently taken to calling it, GNU plus Linux. Linux is not an operating system unto itself, but rather another free component of a fully functioning GNU system made useful by the GNU corelibs, shell utilities and vital system components comprising a full OS as defined by POSIX.

Many computer users run a modified version of the GNU system every day, without realizing it. Through a peculiar turn of events, the version of GNU which is widely used today is often called "Linux", and many of its users are not aware that it is basically the GNU system, developed by the GNU Project.

There really is a Linux, and these people are using it, but it is just a part of the system they use. Linux is the kernel: the program in the system that allocates the machine's resources to the other programs that you run. The kernel is an essential part of an operating system, but useless by itself; it can only function in the context of a complete operating system. Linux is normally used in combination with the GNU operating system: the whole system is basically GNU with Linux added, or GNU/Linux. All the so-called "Linux" distributions are really distributions of GNU/Linux.
>>
>>87475969
lmaooo saved
>>
>>87475069
>what does xfce really add that awesome doesn't?
I hurt my hand for bad arm resting (desktop is too small and too cramped)
For a while I couldn't use much my pinkie, which made it hard to use window managers and anything that required the ctrl key
I moved to gnome and then to xfce
Now that I'm better I'm back at using wms
To me what adds is that not all actions can only be done by keyboard, and, when you're hurt, you can still move around without too much pain
It can also help to have a working de on the side when you try window managers because that's all they are; window managers
So while you learn how to enable a compositor, setting wallpapers, customize keyboard options and most importantly, re enable the network manager in case it doesn't start automatically, you have something that you can jump back to in case you mess up or need to use the computer urgently and you don't have time to meddle with the config file
There's also IceWM, JWM and LXQT (or LXDE) that are other options of des you can leave aside and use less space
Once you're comfortable with awesome you can remove them
>>
>Anonymous 06/23/22(Thu)19:47:25 No.87475969
>>87475761 (You)
>>
i'm trying to remove the latest version of liquorix after reverting to an old version but its requiring i delete the metapackages. will i lose automatic updates after this?
>>
>>87471704
try kitty
in alacritty you have to add something to the config for obscure keys to work
>>
>>87476319
Does the latest LQX release have problems? Just compiled it and dont want to waste my time if its borked. Still on 17 branch to avoid 5-18 regressions
>>
>>87476765
broke my tp-link wifi but i think its because i'm using an alternate driver which i saw an error for during building. i googled it and didn't find any similar results.
>>
>>87476052
Oh i'll be just fine with just a terminal though.
It's my "to fuck around with" laptop so i don't think i really need to keep a backup DE once i get a session going.
Still kinda torn between ice and awesome though, ice seems a little bit less of a hassle but no tiling which i'd like to try. Awesome also has floating so that's cool i guess.
>>
Looking for an audio player on linux that is lightweight and customizable like foobar2000. Any suggestions?

i'm using manjaro with kde plasma de for reference.
>>
>>87477100
cmus
>>
>musicbee will never bee on linux
>>
Is there any software like Playnite that can unify all the video game launchers and emulators and stuff for Mint?
>>
>>87471016
Installed Pop OS. Finished setting it up, turned off my pc, now I cant turn it back on. Ive tried every fix listed on the internet. Guess im just gomna have to throw out my pc
>>
>>87472183
Maybe the https proxies just suck? Try putting them into Firefox network settings
>>
>>87477100
foobar in wine, unironically. Audacious is good too, especially if you like Winamp skins.
>>
does using linux make your farts smell nicer or is it that fart sniffers are already more prone to using linux
>>
>>87474800
Cool, imho all VNC client/server configurations work pretty much the same, not much noticeable performance difference. If you want to, try X forwarding as well. It is not nearly as practical as VNC because it eats up as much bandwidth as it can.
Nomachine appears to work better than either of these but it has changed licensing to closed source I think
>>
Never had an AMD card before. I've heard that there are drivers in the kernel and proprietary drivers. What exactly is the difference performance/feature wise? What do most people go with?
>>
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Where is the source code for ububtu touch?
>>
>>87478425
iirc the proprietary drivers are for old cards only and the defaults are the open source ones everywhere
If you are thinking of using the card for things like blender either don't because blender doesn't recognize many amd cards or buy one of the select few that actually are supported
That is not a shortcoming of the drivers, is a shortcoming of blender
>>
>>87478476
Not him but aren't they supposed to be adding that support in the near-ish-ish future?
>>
>>87478530
Yeah, but I don't know which models they will target
>>
please explain why people hate app managers like kde discover and gnome software? aren't they just a gui for terminal commands for brainlets?
>>
Would Linux Mint be the best distro for a beginner? The situation with snaps on Ubuntu seems pretty bad.
>>
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I'm too dumb and schizo to understand, but would running something like this simply just share an Apple device screen to my Linux comp?
https://github.com/antimof/UxPlay
I'd be streaming a work-provided Applel device so I don't want them to get any of my keyboard inputs or anything, just a simple screen share with no keyboard/clipboard interaction whatsoever
>>
>trying to get my X1C4 fingerprint reader working on LMDE
>need python-validity just to get fprintd-enroll to work
>forgot i can't use PPAs
fuck this gay earth what now
>>
>>87475991
No, Richard, it's 'Linux', not 'GNU/Linux'. The most important contributions that the FSF made to Linux were the creation of the GPL and the GCC compiler. Those are fine and inspired products. GCC is a monumental achievement and has earned you, RMS, and the Free Software Foundation countless kudos and much appreciation. Following are some reasons for you to mull over, including some already answered in your FAQ. One guy, Linus Torvalds, used GCC to make his operating system (yes, Linux is an OS -- more on this later). He named it 'Linux' with a little help from his friends. Why doesn't he call it GNU/Linux? Because he wrote it, with more help from his friends, not you. You named your stuff, I named my stuff -- including the software I wrote using GCC -- and Linus named his stuff. The proper name is Linux because Linus Torvalds says so. Linus has spoken. Accept his authority. To do otherwise is to become a nag. You don't want to be known as a nag, do you? (An operating system) != (a distribution). Linux is an operating system. By my definition, an operating system is that software which provides and limits access to hardware resources on a computer. That definition applies whereever you see Linux in use. However, Linux is usually distributed with a collection of utilities and applications to make it easily configurable as a desktop system, a server, a development box, or a graphics workstation, or whatever the user needs. In such a configuration, we have a Linux (based) distribution. Therein lies your strongest argument for the unwieldy title 'GNU/Linux' (when said bundled software is largely from the FSF). Go bug the distribution makers on that one. Take your beef to Red Hat, Mandrake, and Slackware. At least there you have an argument. Linux alone is an operating system that can be used in various applications without any GNU software whatsoever.
>>
>>87479418
Yes. Also try fedora workstation. both of those are justwerks distros.

>>87479531
Your apple device will have no ability to snoop on your linux machine, unless you give it the privileges to do so. ALso if your company gave you an apple device with keylogging software on it that's fucking weird are you in communist china?
>>
>>87479667
No, Linux is the kernel which simply communicates with the hardware. I and many others call GNU/Linux because the core utilities are essential to an Operating System. Operation being the keyword, cannot function by the means of kernel alone which is why calling linux the operating system is like calling the car "engine". While the fsf are thankful for the linux kernel, it feels unfair when the kernel alone takes the credit which is disrespectful for the rest who contributed in making a functional unix-like operating system. Please call the operating system GNU/Linux since it takes no less than a second to say it. We must give credit where it is due otherwise, those who have contributed to an important cause will forever be forgotten by those who benefit from such cause.
>>
>>87479418
Yeah, it's pretty much one of the current "just werks" poster children. Alongside Ubuntu LTS, Fedora and Pop!_OS.
>>
Does anyone here know about the capabilities of the kwin compositor and kwin effects?
I would like to write something that tints the screen in a specified color (r/g/b/) with alpha opacity.
Is something like that possible?
>>
Do people use arch for servers
>>
>>87480621
Yes, perfectly fine for a home server.
>>
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I want to run qbittorrent-nox on boot as my user, but
command_user="user"
and
command="/usr/bin/sudo -u user /usr/bin/qbittorrent-nox"
both end up in a qbittorrent-nox process under root. What the fuck man. I thought non-systemd inits were based?
>>
>>87471016
update not related to any graphical libraries = some vidya refuses to work via wine. it loads and then crashes.
no errors given.

but why?
>>
>>87480696
try specifying the group too
>>
Whenever I put my system drive under heavy I/O stress my PC freezes (until all I/O operations complete). It feels as if the device is limited to one thread only at time reading/writing data. I've had this problem for a couple of years now (old install) and while it's not much of an issue during daily use - it's a relatively high quality SSD, all operations complete faster than one can notice - sometimes when I finish downloading a big file or uncompress an archive containing either big files or a lot of small ones, everything can freeze for up to over 10 minutes (usually 30-60s) which can be quite annoying. It's a similar behavior to running out of memory and waiting for swap to kick in.
I'm willing to provide my hardware specs, configs, disk info or whatnot if anyone has any idea on where to look for the cause of this issue.
I doubt it's a hardware issue as I have a vague memory of trying to mount this drive on a different PC and trying to replicate the issue (long ago, without success, can try again).
>>
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>>87480879
I try, as user:user and user:users, then it says "not found". Both groups exist in the /etc/group file.
Downgraded to starting it with .xsessionrc which bothers me immensely because it is supposed to be a home server
>>
>>87472347
Pop is honestly pretty good
>>
>>87481217
>it is supposed to be a home server
I'd definitely let qBittorrent run as its own user.
>>
>>87472347
It's a fine Ubuntu spin. It's exclusive DE is nice, even if overall it's basically a heavily customized GNOME Shell. Though it's being rewritten in Rust in the future to make it more theirs.
>>
>>87471016
I just installed pipewire and I'm using xfce4-pulseaudio-plugin to control it, works perfectly except it seems to let me turn my headphones way too loud. I didn't dare to turn it up higher than 25%. Could this blow my headphones? Can I somehow limit how loud I can set them?
>>
>>87481353
Guess it just all comes down to how comfortable the volume is to you. I'm guessing you have pipewire-pulse too?
>>
>>87481388
yes I just want to limit the max volume so that I don't blow my headphones and eardrums out if I accidentally move the slider too far to the right.
>>
>>87481247
I would like to as well, if it worked under another qbittorrent user it would work for my user too.
Alpine Linux has an openrc init script for it, but it doesn't work here.
I'm using Devuan with openrc and their qbittorrent-nox package is just a mirror of Debian's. Very sloppy job as it puts the systemd service unit on the system. I thought Devuan is supposed to be 100% free of systemd, but it looks like it's another copy-paste distro with no attention from the devs beside the logo.
>>
>>87481506
>Alpine Linux has an openrc init script for it, but it doesn't work here
You can use it as a base. You should've prepared yourself for this when using crazy distros.
>Devuan with openrc and their qbittorrent-nox package is just a mirror of Debian's. Very sloppy job as it puts the systemd service unit on the system
lol
>>
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>>87471016
I'm the guy who had this issue where KDE would need over a full minute to show the login screen when I would open the lid of my laptop. The TTY1 now shows a small error log when TTY7 has finished loading the loading screen, but searching for them hasn't yielded anything useful for me:
usbhid 1-10:1.0: can't add hid device: -110
cdc_wdm 1-10:1.8: wdm_int_callback - 0 bytes
cdc_wdm 1-10:1.5: wdm_int_callback - 0 bytes

last two lines aren't always in this order. I assume it tries to mount a USB device or something from my old laptop and just times out as this Install plus SSD used to be inside a ThinkPad T500, but I ordered a T540p and just swapped the SSD wholesale without changing anything. This is my sole issue.
>>
>>87481528
This is what I wrote based off Alpine Linux' script (https://git.alpinelinux.org/aports/tree/community/qbittorrent/qbittorrent-nox.initd):
#!/sbin/openrc-run

name=qbittorrent-nox
description="qbittorrent torrent daemon"
command="/usr/bin/qbittorrent-nox"
command_args="--daemon"
: ${directory:=/var/lib/qbittorrent}
: ${command_user:=qbittorrent:qbittorrent}
: ${umask:=0022}
# raise file descriptor count (many open files..)
rc_ulimit="-n 50000"

start_pre() {
checkpath -d -o $command_user "$directory"
}

I have no idea what the
: ${...}
should be doing? Works without, same error.
It fails stating qbittorrent:qbittorrent doesn't exist. These are the commands I created the user and group with, just like in https://git.alpinelinux.org/aports/tree/community/qbittorrent/qbittorrent-nox.pre-install, except the short switches don't work in Devuan:
addgroup --system qbittorrent 2>/dev/null
adduser --system --disabled-password --home /var/lib/qbittorrent --shell /sbin/nologin --ingroup qbittorrent qbittorrent 2>/dev/null
>>
What does $< mean? I've only seen it in automake makefile.ams
>>
>>87471016
how the fuck do i get rid of /dev/loop* from fucking snap
>>
>>87482736
nvm fuckers disappeared after purge & reboot
>>
>>87471016
Hi, I don't have a preview with nemo's filepicker, any ideas? with linuxmint I had a preview on the right of the filepicker
>>
>>87477721
There's a built in recovery partition with pop, you can also use alt+function key to enter a virtual terminal, log in, remove software, update, etc
>>87475190
there are specific brower forks with the patches applied. I remember there being a firefox one specifically with KDE/qt filepicker.
>>
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I've installed a compositor for the first time (picom). Always thought they are bloat but it actually makes my setup feel way less "stiff". Kinda nice. But how do I make pic related transparent? I want to finally get rid of this ugly box. I use volumeicon for this and I already ticked the checkbox "use transparency" but I seems to do absolutely nothing. Any ideas?
>>
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What is the best way of installing ACME on linux?
>>
>>87482895
>Bildschirmfoto
I am using cinnamon on a arch deverviat
>>
>>87482895
install tumbler (optionally also its extra plugins) then relog. it should work
>>
How does the actual Coreboot interface look? Or is something else responsible for the UI? I'm curious about System76 laptops specifically
>>
>>87471016
when should one use mv over cp and vice versa?
>>
>>87484408
mv to move/rename files
cp to copy files
>>
>>87484109
looked promising, but didn't work :(
>>
Could any of you recommend a tool to rip out all metadata?
I just learned what the png extra embed users are hiding in reaction images
>>
>>87484684
ExifTool
>>
>>87471016
why do I need to install the codecs on opensuse via pacman? Will installing from opi break something in the future?
>>
>>87484844
https://en.opensuse.org/Codecs
>>
>>87482714
https://www.gnu.org/software/make/manual/make.html#index-_0024_003c
>The name of the first prerequisite. If the target got its recipe from an implicit rule, this will be the first prerequisite added by the implicit rule (see Implicit Rules).
>>
>>87471016
so I have two firefox profiles one clean only ublock origin but no bookmarks or settings except activating doh via cloudfare
and another profile from my old pc with more extensions bookmarks, logins and stuff and doh activated.
Only the first profile has doh activated when I got ot 1.1.1.1/help the second one never works. Its weird as hell doh works on a clean profile or on chrome but not on my old profile. Any idea what to do? Is that a linux or firefox problem? Is doh generally buggy? I did set network.ttr.mode=3 on all profiles.
>>
>>87471016
Anyone know how I get my filepicker display the pics next to the enties? Also why doesn't brave use nemo filepicker?
>>
>>87484684
Are you going to download and check all reaction images you see and exiftool them?
>>
What is the recommended way to get a CPU's total use/load percentage (all cores)?

The way I do it only tells me I'm using about 5% of my CPU, but btop shows all cores at 100% (which they are, I can feel it).

AMD Ryzen 3, if it matters.
>>
>>87485533
Yes why not? I run most .exe and .dll files through virustotal for windows
>>
>>87485685
>>87484684
NTA but what do you mean by
>I just learned what the png extra embed users are hiding in reaction images
Reaction images here on 4chins?
>>
>>87485836
People embed links to catbox and boorus into the metadata of image files like png's
So it looks like a cat reaction image but if you have png extra embed it can use that info to add loli guro ryona or blacked, etc to a post, like how you can uploaded multiple images to a post on other imageboards
Like sink posting with embedded cheese pizza on /b/ fucking years ago
>>
>>87485927
Oh, I see. I've head of something like this before but though I was being trolled.
Only thing that I never got is what "png extra embed" is.
Is it that one "PEE/lolipiss" for 4chanX?

Thanks for the reply.
>>
>>87484684
Ripping out the metadata isn't enough. You can still hide data in the pixels. Your best bet is to resize the image to about thumbnail size while reducing the color depth to 4 bits or fewer.
>>
>>87485927
I knew about the ability to embed stuff, but I always heard that 4chan automatically strips it out of uploaded files.
Are you telling me it doesn't?
>>
>>87486000
It makes an attempt, but there's only so much you can do.
>>
>>87485982
Yeah it's that, works similar to how the 4chan sounds user-script works with filenames but intentionally hidden

>>87485985
I might as well delete my reaction image folder

>>87486000
4chan strips exif data on upload and some metadata to prevent self dox but not all metadata
>>
>>87486049
4chan also makes an attempt to reject files with large amounts of hidden data by computing the total amount of data in chunks not designated as image data. The lolipiss guy got around this by simply labeling the chunks in which the data was embedded as image data.
>>
>>87486049
>works similar to how the 4chan sounds user-script works with filenames but intentionally hidden
I feel very stupid by thinking that people just copied the catbox url by hand now. Thank you.
>>
https://encyclopediadramatica.online/Embedded_files
covers some of the older popular methods of hiding data in images uploaded to 4chan as well as some of the cat and mouse games that occurred as 4chan tried to block them. It's a bit out of date and doesn't cover 4chan's newest blocking methods or the newest workarounds, though.
>>
>>87485985
Oh, also make sure the final image isn't transparent. Transparent pixels can have an invisible color, and that can be used to hide things.
>>
I've seen someone chroot into another Distro starting a xserver in the chroot and being able to launch graphical applications from the main Distro in the chroot.
How is this possible?
>>
Another thing to be paranoid of. These can be removed by downscaling the image, which effectively crops its Fourier transform.
>>
Beware also an image for which there are multiple versions available. Some data hiding techniques introduce subtle differences to an image, from which the data can be extracted by comparison to the original.
>>
>>87486176
Once you chroot your basicly running that OS as root with the only difference is your still running the kernel you booted with
>>
               total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem: 15Gi 11Gi 192Mi 275Mi 4,1Gi 3,7Gi
Swap: 15Gi 8,0Gi 7,5Gi

Is it normal to have so much of swap used while doing basically nothing? I'm using zram so it's in my RAM too. 6 days of uptime though.
>>
Reversing the bits of every pixel is a good way to look for data hidden in the lower bits of pixels, although you still have to watch out for transparency and greater than 8-bit color depth and things like >>87486215.
>>
>>87486291
Found out what was taking all that memory... for some reason, my /tmp was filled with duplicates of a video file, put there by Dolphin based on the filenames. So definitely not normal.
>>
>>87484844
>why do I need to install the codecs on opensuse via pacman?
Software patents, they play it extra safe.
>Will installing from opi break something in the future?
Probably not, at most you'll get warnings when packages move between repos or if you install someting from OBS it may not get updates.
>>
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>>87471016
I'm trying to edit a theme in Kvantum and I wanna reduce the size of the menu items but it doesn't want to go lower than 25px regardless of what theme or configuration I do. All of the margins and spacings are set to minimum values, to my knowledge. How else can I reduce their size?
>>
RTNETLINK answers: Operation not supported

what does this error mean and why can't I connect to wireguard. nothing online i've found works
>>
Can I passthrough my intel igpu and keep using the discrete card?
>>
When I lock the screen on GNOME the lock screen has a GNOME Files icon on the bottom and text "Files". Anyone know what it's for? I can't click it, is it just a bug? I don't even have that program open.
>>
>>87486278
But how would that make it possible to do this for example.
>install Firefox on my main Distro
>Chroot into another Distro where Firefox isn't installed
>Start Firefox from the main Distro in the Chroot x11 environment.
>Run Firefox in the Chroot
>>
damn near base install of debian/xfce. audio isn't working. where should i start with my troubleshooting?
>>
>>87487377
it was the piece of shit monitor the machine is hooked up to. thanks linus
>>
hell ons on inx?
>>
>>87478472
>Where is the source code for ububtu touch?
https://gitlab.com/ubports/development

>>87478425
>What exactly is the difference performance/feature wise?
All kernel drivers for all AMD cards are open source, there is no proprietary kernel driver.
Mesa drivers (OpenGL/OpenCL/Vulkan) are also open source. There exists a proprietary OpenGL implementation for corporate users (CAD, medical, scientific stuff) which is slower but more compatible with buggy software.

OpenCL on AMD cards is nonexistent for all practical purposes, irrespective of drivers or platform. They just can't implement it, perhaps the hardware is defective. They've been trying to implement it for 15 years and still nothing.
>>
>>87479252
>why people hate app managers like kde discover and gnome software?
Ummm, no? They work fine, at least Discover does. Click a button, get a program, be happy.

>>87480592
>something that tints the screen in a specified color (r/g/b/) with alpha opacity.
Is something like that possible?
It must be possible because it has the night light feature where it tints the screen. It also had color correction support.

>>87480621
>Do people use arch for servers
At home, sure. Companies don't use it.
>>
>>87483189
I'll try it, thanks!
>>
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>>87485241
>>87482895
>Status: RESOLVED
>>
I try to use linux but it's just impossible. After needing to dig the internet a whole day just to make hdmi work, now i can't access any torrent site.
Does anybody knows about bugs and such that causes DNS problems on linux? Some sites like 1337x and rarbg will get the "server not found" problem while a windows machine on the same network works normally.
>>
What's the best way to make a system backup?
I have a orange pi running armbian, and I'd like to backup the contents of the sdcard and put them into an img file. The idea is having an already configured and ready to deploy image to flash to a sdcard instead of flashing a clean OS and then spending hours configuring. I had a bunch of files corrupted after a power outage and I don't want that to happen again.
So far I used dd to copy mmcblk0 to a .img file and then compressed it with xz.
Is there a better way? I tried rsync but I can't pipe it to xz, or make an img or iso file from it.
Ideally I would want a way to copy just the used space (unlike dd which copies everything) and be able to run it on the device itself while the system is running.
>>
>>87488289
I mean, those sites tend to fucked with by upstream DNS providers, so the fact that they worked yesterday in Windows doesn't mean they do now. What distro? Did you do anything with your DNS config?
>>
Weird sudo issue here
It keeps telling me my password is incorrect, but it's definetly not
I can run
>su
and enter my password and nothing seems out of the ordinary
but if I run
>sudo ls
then enter my password it says
>Sorry, try again.
any idea why this might be happening?
>>
>>87488774
su and sudo take different passwords
>>
>>87488837
...what?
I've only ever used the same password the whole time I've had this computer (like 6 months now)
this problem just started today
>>
>>87488915
make sure you’re sudo config is correct and that your user is in whichever group is set to have escalated sudo permissions.
>>
>>87471418
Pretty stable. I run testing and only had one minor bug so far.
>>
>>87488915
If your user and root had the same password your user password is now different based on the scenario you provided.
If you didn't then perhaps a password policy is forcing a change or reset?
>>
>>87471016
Every time I try to launch KDE wayland in goes into a black screen (sometimes with a wallpaper), does not have any panels, and will not let me click anything on the desktop like right clicking.
How do I fix this? Please help. This is on AMD, and I believe I have all the necessary packages installed. Arch btw
>>
>>87489254
Did you reinstall your distro or did you switch to AMD on an existing install?
>>
Any alternative to poweriso on Loonix?
>>
>>87490319
About a million different programs including the kernel because PowerISO is 90s style all dancing bloatware. What do you need to do specifically?
>>
>>87490378
extract .iso contents to a folder.
>>
What do you guys think of Slackware?

I'm thinking of moving more towards a source-based distro, but Gentoo is too demanding for my hardware, and Guix has all sorts of unexpected issues (the init system uses elogind to start X, but it races with dbus, sometimes leading to no option but TTY login. The mpd service competes with the network manager service and always loses. Weird stuff like that.)
>>
>>87488774
did you fail 3 times? if you fail 3 times it will message "wrong password" for 10 minutes, even if you introduce the correct password.

Or depends on how is configured but by default I think is 10 minutes. So try sudo after 10 minutes.
>>
>>87471016
Using zypper in opensuse to install python packages can I be certain that they will always be installed in my user directory and not given root? I always thought it was a bad idea to give random python packages root privileges or install it in your system directory.
>>
>>87471016
I was wondering if I could get some help diagnosing a problem with OpenVPN on my VPS. I installed OVPN on a variety of operating systems -- most recently Ubuntu 20.04 LTS -- using the road warrior script available on Github. However, the program fails to make a TLS handshake to clients when OVPN is configured to use UDP. When installed using TCP, everything works normally. I watched the UDP port it's open on and it says that there are packets being received on that port. When using Wireguard (Roadwarrior), it seems like I have the same issue. I thought my VPS provider might be blocking UDP but the incoming packets show that's not the case. Any ideas? This is on a clean install of Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and the latest version of OpenVPN with no firewalls set on the VPS provider website.
>>
>>87490481
It's pretty comfy. You do need third party repos for a lot of stuff though, depending on what you use it for. Like nvidia drivers and multilib.
>>
I want to move to the edge version of linux mint because the old kernal has caught up with me. If I'm on stable whats the least painful way to do this?
>>
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hey anons, bit of a newbie here trying to learn. today I've decided to install Arch on bare metal for the first time, got around the install ok and got the terminal working. managed to install graphics/display manager and get kde going (although I wanted to try awesome but didn't have the time to tinker yet) as well as multilib and aur (yay) and networking.
anyways my point is what kind of "core" applications/libraries/utilities/etc do you recommend to install next? I've been kind of stuck and some programs that I've installed don't even work sometimes. some other core system options rever on reboot (locale, Keyboard layout) I don't know if I missed something important or what. Another question that I had was if I needed to install base/base-devel. I've heard arch dropped it for the linux kernel and is not necessary but I want to hear others opinions. thanks
>inb4 read the wiki fucking pleb faggot. git gud
i had, i tried, i failed and i try to avoid plebbit/forums like the plague
>>
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Hello anons, I'm having troubles making Linux boot on a ThinkPad I have bought.
Details:
I'm installing on a GPT partition using the BIOS method(not EFI) and GRUB as a bootloader.
To be more precise I'm installing Gentoo Linux on an mSATA SSD.
I think the problem lies somewhere in the partitioning cause the boot doesn't even get to the point of loading GRUB, screen goes black for a second and then the BIOS goes back to make me select a drive to boot from.
This are the commands I've used:
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb mklabel gpt
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb mkpart primary 0% 2MiB
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb set 1 bios_grub on
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb mkpart primary 2MiB 256MiB
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb set 2 boot on
parted --align optimal /dev/sdb mkpart primary 256MiB 100%

So, I have three partitions: /dev/sdb1 should be the GRUB BIOS dedicated partition(if I understand it well in an MBR partition GRUB embeds itself after the header but in a GPT partition it needs a separate partition to embeds itself), /dev/sdb2 is the boot partition where /boot is mounted and /dev/sdb3 is where the rest of the system is(to be more precise it is a LUKS encrypted volume partitioned with LVM).
GRUB installed without errors in theory but then it doesn't even load or anything, am I doing something wrong with this setup?
>>
>>87490863
>GPT with BIOS
Why?
>>
>>87490893
Just personal preference, usually it werks fine, the laptop I'm writing from is setup on GPT/BIOS, I like the modernity of GPT and the simplicity of BIOS compared to having to manage an EFI partition. I don't understand what I'm doing wrong this time.
>>
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>>87490863
>GPT with BIOS
>>
>>87490938
>I don't understand what I'm doing wrong this time.
Wrong partition table type lol, your BIOS wouldn't know what to do with it.
>>
>>87490382
You can `mount -o loop` it to a directory and copy the contents out, extract it directly with `7z x` or unar, or use a GUI archive manager like File Roller, Ark, ... to do the same.
>>
>>87490946
>your BIOS wouldn't know what to do with it
Most BIOS don't care if you're using MBR or GPT, I acknowledge that the X220 ThinkPad BIOS may care but maybe there was another problem with my setup. I thought I'd ask.
Guess I should try either MBR/BIOS or GPT/UEFI?
>>
Uhmm Arch wiki says:
>The X220 can not boot from a GPT disk in Legacy BIOS mode, it is necessary to either switch to UEFI booting or create a MBR Partition Table.
https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Lenovo_ThinkPad_X220
Maybe it's just a limitation of the X220 bios...
>>
Which of the following distros would (you) recommend for an old thinkpad with a Core 2 Duo, and an old laptop with a Core Duo. For the Thinkpad, I'm thinking maybe Debian, or Arch (Gentoo?). I've tried LMDE (32bit) on the other laptop, but it frequently crashes. I don't even do anything all that intensive on it, just browse 4chan. I'm thinking of switching to either Lubuntu or Void.
>>
>>87490863
While it doesn't really answer your question, GPT is only an improvement on MBR if you're using a disk with more than two terabytes of space. Also, a dedicated boot partition is only required with EFI. You could remove a lot of steps from this process.
>>
>>87489291
Switched on an existing install. I actually just tested GNOME out of curiosity, and it's wayland session does work. It's just KDE that doesn't
>>
>>87491091
>GPT is only an improvement on MBR if you're using a disk with more than two terabytes of space
Yeah, I guess I'll just try again with an MBR partition table. It doesn't change much since the disk is 128 GiB.
>a dedicated boot partition is only required with EFI
You mean the partition that contains /boot?
Since the main partition is going to be encrypted I need a separate one to contain kernel, initramfs and bootloader.
>>
>>87471016
>install tumbler ffmpegthumbnailer
>can see thumbnails in thunar
>install gvfs-mtp libmtp
>can browse android files
>but they have no thumbnails
>>
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>>87491091
Anon, when installing using MBR/BIOS do you remember if you have to flag the boot partition with the boot flag or some other flag?
>>
>>87490772
>no base-devel
How are you gonna use yay without development tools?
>locale
uncomment locales you want in /etc/locale.gen then run locale-gen
Edit locale.conf variables: for LANG= put the thing you need from locale.gen like en_IE.UTF-8, which is the best locale for linux ever, if you use en_US just end it all today. There are more variables you should set, https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/locale#Variables
>keyboard
You have two variables to set to make them permanent. One for the console ( https://man.archlinux.org/man/vconsole.conf.5.en ) the second for X11 ( https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Xorg/Keyboard_configuration#Using_X_configuration_files ). You are not wrong to ask this, when I installed Arch first years ago the installation guides did not mention this as they mostly assumed a en_US standpoint.
>install next
Whatever you want to use..? Try gnumeric it's an exciting spreadsheet creator and editor. There's a bunch of 2D CAD programs available too. Get a simple calculator installed, galculator works fine inspite of being gnomed. Fox calculator is usable. Or just get SpeedCrunch. GNUPlot is amazing, you can draw math functions. You're gonna need X11 before that, are you at that stage already? What programs don't work for you?
>>
How difficult is it to upgrade something like glibc on something like Crux Linux?
>>
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Hey pals,
my friend has a laptop that he says is busted because he years ago tried taking the main ssd off but the screws or something got fucked, so he abandoned it in a cupboard. I'm thinking that I could use the 2nd ssd slot on the laptop and install Linux on it (the laptop is old)

Will this work? Can I just put in a new ssd, stick in a usb with Linux and it will install it on the ssd? Does a fresh ssd need to be formatted, do I have to fuck with some hardware settings? I don't know shit about computers, I just see this as a chance to start tinkering and learning
>>
I'm using a flat acceleration profile with libinput (no acceleration), but the mouse is way too slow and I can't find any config option to increase the mouse sensitivity. To make matters worse I'm scaling my display so it uses a 4k framebuffer projected onto a 1440p monitor so the mouse is even slower. How do I make my mouse faster brehs
>>
>>87490772
Huh you threw me off with the base-devel question and I totally blanked on that first paragraph.
>KDE as a beginner
I wouldn't do that, as both KDE and gnome are extremely confusing to me. I doubt anyone in your vicinity knows what a terminal is? There's really no point to display managers unless you're doing multiseat. XFCE+LightDM (easy to setup autologin) or just i3 with an automatized console login and xinit. Awesome is very clunky compared to i3, yeah I used each for at least a year.
>>
>>87491682
Try Manjaro or Linux Mint, you can download the iso and put it on a USB stick with rufus (this will delete the USB). The GUI setup will guide you through formatting the SSD, just take care you don't format if you have something important on it, copy it somewhere safe before.
>laptop with 2 ssd slots
Huh? Post the brand and model number.
>>
Linux Desktop is fucking insanely shit, going to try KDE as last resort as I've seen the M1 reverse engineer tranny use it, why is everything so bad
>>
Is there a linux distro that lets you update stuff when you want instead of "forcing" you to update your packages?
Even Debian forces you to upgrade or else you will be on an unsupported release and won't receive new packages that you might want.
I want most of my packages to stay the same version and only upgrade them if there is something in a new version that I find useful but still want to be able to install new packages if I need them.
>>
>>87491810
LFS
>>
>>87491810
I think Slackware can be used like that, but I'm not sure.
>>
>>87491764
Use Icewm
>>
>>87491810
What do you mean Debian forces you to keep updating? Just don't do a global update command?
In Arch distros, there is an IgnorePkg option in /etc/pacman.conf where you simply put in the packages that you want the package manager to ignore during updates.
In Debian it's called "holding" packages. I don't know how you do it there.
Portage for Gentoo has some masking/exclusion fuckery going on too.
Downgrades exist if you fuck up and you can always wget the new package version that's not in your repos. Try Windows, it's how you do all software installation, with downloaded files. Ridiculous, I know.
>>
Why did my font size increase in xfce4-terminal after installing plasma-desktop
>>
>>87491894
I don't have that issue with xterm.
>>
>>87491810
with any conventional distro you will get dependency mismatches over time
(package A relies on a version of package C that breaks compatibility with its dependent package B)
the only package manager i'm aware of that tracks library version requirements is xbps, it will abort if you try to update A without B, so within the constraints of conventional distros it would be closest to what you're looking for
if you want support for multiple simultaneous library versions you need something like Nix or Guix
>>
Does NixOS actually work or is it a meme like /g/ always says?
>>
>>87491972
It's definitely an alternative Linux distro that plays by different rules compared to more mainstream ones like Ubuntu, Fedora or Arch.
The way you interact with the system and package manager is pretty different as you basically have to remake a config file and run a command to generate a new "generation" of your system which you can then change back to at any time. Also it's repo is nice, as the OS itself is pretty much an OS built around said repo that you can actually set up on any other distro like Flatpak.
>>
Is there a good alarm clock program for Linux?
Maybe something better than KAlarm?
>>
>>87491972
It's nice and it stopped my distrohopping, but if you deliberately search for reasons why it's a meme you will find them
>>
linux noob here. i managed to compile and install Termboy (ncurses gameboy emulator https://github.com/dobyrch/termboy) and it works but is really slow and laggy.
Is there a way to improve rendering speed in terminal?
I know there are some fast terminal emulators, but i need to use real terminal, not emulator.
>>
>>87492478
You really want to emulate GameBoy in a terminal? Why?
>>
>>87492492
Because i have a linux laptop without gui (i know it sounds stupid but the laptop was so slow with gui that i decided to try it - it is nice for learning purposes because it forces me to explore how everything works).
And I want to try if it is possible to run gameboy emulator on this laptop - it seems very interesting and comfy to me.
>>
>>87492637
also i want to know more about how linux terminal works, how it renders and if you coud for example tell it to use gpu for rendering
>>
>>87492478
>I know there are some fast terminal emulators, but i need to use real terminal, not emulator
You're a retard.
>>
>>87492729
explain
>>
>>87481544
Bump?
>>
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>>87492729
that's not very friendly...
you could have just explained that terminal emulator is just a term for all software terminals because they emulate an originally physical interface and posted a picture of a VT100 or something
or were you born with all your tech history knowledge already in place?
>>
How do I change the icon theme that the icewm panel uses?
>>
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>>87492855
There's a couple lines in the preferences file for what directories and icon sets it includes/excludes.
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>>87492953
Thanks anon.
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>>87492958
gl icewm fren
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>>87492478
If you're using a terminal in an X11 or Wayland environment it's always an emulator.
A "real" terminal would be a tty, which is why emulators exist. So you can do tty commands in a graphical environment instead of switching to said tty and logging in.
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>>87492637
You should try i3 for a gui. It's not that slow.
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>>87492971
im not using a terminal in an graphical enviroment, im using tty.
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which should i install
clear linux or fedora
i heard all good things about clears performance on intel but really need good repos like fedora has
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>>87492637
The terminal emulator built into the Linux kernel is unmaintained garbage. Use X with a hardware accelerated terminal emulator.
X11 is faster than the linux terminal emulator btw.
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>>87490591
>zypper in opensuse to install python packages
It installs them systemwide. They get installed automatically when another system package depends on them, for example.
>installed in my user directory
Use pip for this, from a virtual environment. You could use stuff like conda for more than Python packages.
** DO NOT EVER RUN 'sudo pip' **
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>>87490695
>the old kernal has caught up with me
Doesn't Mint offer Ubuntu's hardware enablement stack?

>>87491072
>distros for Core 2 Duo
pic related

>>87491707
>both KDE and gnome are extremely confusing to me
Does your medical record mention a lobotomy? Worth checking...

>>87491810
>Debian forces you to upgrade
Citation needed. Kubuntu 9.04 installs software just fine from the official repos, if that's your thing.
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>>87493843
so I shouldn't install python libraries via the system package manager but always either in a virtual environment or with --user? They should really write it somewhere seems weird that the user should be aware to not do this.
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>>87492246
KTeatime, although I find KShutdown more efficient since ignoring it is not an option :-)
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>>87493931
>medical records
Projecting much?
foot is made by feetfags for their own arcane workflow, not real humans
KrashesDE has this weird design trying to be like desktops of proprietary operating systems but fails and goes 110% uncanny valley.
Both are bloated to the max.
xfce, cinnamon, lxqt, mate, icewm are far superior choices especially for a beginner
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>>87493946
>I shouldn't install python libraries via the system package manager but always either in a virtual environment or with --user?
Correct.
This is more of a best practice than a hard rule, you can obviously install a library with your system package manager and it will work, but then you're stuck using that particular version if the library. Again, not a bad thing but less flexible than installing arbitrary versions in a virtualenv.

>>87494066
You do you, anon. You find KDE confusing when my mom has no issues using it, so I draw my own conclusions.
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What DVD burning software I can use from command line, or has a CLI? I tried bashburn but it doesn't seem to support burning video.
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>>87494209
cdrecord
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Hello friends from /lgft/
I want to become more of an expert in Linux, I already use it but I dont feel I understand it enough
I was thinking of reading the book Advanced Unix Enviroment (since it is recommended from one of my uni courses), should I also read a bash book or will the book be enough?
Thanks
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>>87494381
Read this one https://linuxfromscratch.org/lfs/view/stable/
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>>87494446
I will have it saved, thanks!
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What could it mean if running vulkaninfo returns nothing at all and appears frozen until the process is killed?
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>>87471016
Hello everyone. I am very new Linux user, only have it running in VirtualBox right now. I was experimenting with tiled window managers - currently awesome wm - and ran into an issue. The resolution Ubuntu defaults to in the VM is 800x600. This is fine for the default wm as I can go into the settings GUI and change the resolution. However on awesome wm this isn't an option. I can change the display size with xrandr in the terminal but I have to do it manually everytime I login and it messes up nitrogen for the wallpaper. I tried creating a script that will run on startup to do this but I'm not having an luck. Currently the script looks like this:

1 #!/bin/sh
2 xrandr --output Virtual1 --mode 1280x720

Saved as setresolution.sh

This is referenced in the startup config file, rc.lua, as such:

awful.spawn.with_shell("setresolution.sh")

But no dice, on startup the resolution stays at 800x600. I've never done scripting before so I'm sure something I did is wrong. Any help sorting this out would be greatly appreciated.
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>>87490953
Yes it would, he just needs a BIOS boot partition.
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>>87494688
You gotta install the Virtualbox guest utilities so it automatically sets the resolution properly.
sudo apt install virtualbox-guest-utils

Then enable the vboxservice unit with systemctl and restart, then demaximize and maximize the screen when you get to the login screen and your resolution should be fine.
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>>87490863
I am unsure what you're doing wrong. I read:
https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Handbook:AMD64/Full/Installation#What_is_the_BIOS_boot_partition.3F
and made said partition, selected its type via fdisk and it worked.
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>>87494618
It can only mean one thing: broken program. File a bug.
>>
I attached an old Panasonic "microwave" TV/Monitor (think those ones with a VHS slot on the side that they would show NOVA educational movies on) I've had since I was a kid to my computer via an HDMI adapter, for retro gayming purposes (and 240i and 480i hentai tapes; old porn looks so kino on it).

It took a bit to get it working right, and I am almost there. Works great for gayming/porn but now the top bar of all of my windows is ULTRA tiny, like the maximize/minimize/close buttons are damn near too small to click. Text within windows is normal though. The openbox right click menu is tiny too.

Is there any way to fix this?
I'm not even sure what settings to change (tried changing the theme in obconf).

OS is Gentoo
GPU is 1060 6gb (proprietary driver)
relevant portions of xorg.conf:
Section "ServerLayout"
Identifier "Layout0"
Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0
InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
InputDevice "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
Option "Xinerama" "0"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Monitor0"
DisplaySize 688 290
VendorName "Unknown"
ModelName "VTK GNV29CB"
HorizSync 220.0 - 220.0
VertRefresh 50.0 - 120.0
Option "DPMS"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Screen0"
Device "Device0"
Monitor "Monitor0"
DefaultDepth 24
Option "Stereo" "0"
Option "nvidiaXineramaInfoOrder" "DFP-5"
Option "metamodes" "DP-2: 2560x1080_120 +0+0 {AllowGSYNCCompatible=On}, HDMI-0: 640x480_60 +2560+0"
Option "SLI" "Off"
Option "MultiGPU" "Off"
Option "BaseMosaic" "off"
SubSection "Display"
Depth 24
EndSubSection
EndSection
>>
Is there anything I can do on the software side to make my computer produce less heat?
I used cpupower to set the governor to powersave and limited the maximum clock speed to 3GHz (compared to the default of 4.7GHz). However, I noticed that even with the powersave governor, it frequently fluctuates between the minimum and maximum clock speed very rapidly. I'm not sure if there is something I can do to minimize clock speed fluctuations in powersave mode.
What about undervolting my CPU? Is this a viable way to noticeably reduce heat output? Any other things I can try?
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>>87494855
change your resolution nigga
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Why is WineD3D with Gallium9 so much faster than DXVK when I run games on Steam? I have an old laptop but the GPU (Intel HD Graphics 4000) does have Vulkan support, so what's the problem?
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Is there a way to do a Ubuntu install with GNOME Arch style from the command line? LTS & apt really work for me but I don't need the extra fluff from the install. Tweaked minimal install is what I've been using, just uninstalled stuff I didn't need.
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I'm having trouble with auto mounting a smb share on startup. I run bare iwd for networking with systemd-resolved for DNS. I added the smb share to my fstab:
//10.0.0.3/zero         /mnt/zero       cifs    _netdev,credentials=/etc/samba/credentials/default,iocharset=utf8,rw,uid=1000,gid=1000,file_mode=0600,dir_mode=0700    0       0


systemd converts the entry to a unit file which is supposed to run after the network is up (_netdev option), and I get "systemd[1]: Reached target Network is Online.", then it tries to mount but fails, and then I get "kernel: wlan0: authenticated", meaning that the network isn't actually online. I'm guessing it's an issue with iwd? How can I fix this? See journalctl log in my next post.
>>
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc iwd[755]: Wireless daemon version 1.28
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc iwd[755]: Loaded configuration from /etc/iwd/main.conf
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc systemd[1]: Started Wireless service.
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc systemd[1]: Reached target Network.
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc systemd[1]: Reached target Network is Online.
Jun 25 18:16:09 pc systemd[1]: Mounting /mnt/zero...
[...]
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc mount[848]: mount error(101): Network is unreachable
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc mount[848]: Refer to the mount.cifs(8) manual page (e.g. man mount.cifs) and kernel log messages (dmesg)
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: mnt-zero.mount: Mount process exited, code=exited, status=32/n/a
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: mnt-zero.mount: Failed with result 'exit-code'.
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: Failed to mount /mnt/zero.
[...]
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: Dependency failed for Remote File Systems.
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: remote-fs.target: Job remote-fs.target/start failed with result 'dependency'.
[...]
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd[1]: Startup finished in 19.497s (firmware) + 500ms (loader) + 3.950s (kernel) + 2.371s (userspace) = 26.319s.
[...]
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc kernel: wlan0: authenticated
[...]
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc iwd[755]: [DHCPv4] l_dhcp_client_start:1222 Entering state: DHCP_STATE_SELECTING
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc iwd[755]: [DHCPv4] dhcp_client_handle_offer:815 Entering state: DHCP_STATE_REQUESTING
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc iwd[755]: [DHCPv4] dhcp_client_rx_message:917 Entering state: DHCP_STATE_BOUND
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc iwd[755]: [DHCPv4] dhcp_client_rx_message:951 T1 expiring in 43200136 ms
Jun 25 18:16:10 pc systemd-resolved[670]: wlan0: Bus client set DNS server list to: 10.0.0.1
>>
new to linux and my emacs install got fucked a couple days ago.
i'm trying to wipe it and I keep getting this message. what should I do?
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>>87494886
I think undervolting is a pretty safe thing to try. As long as it's stable it's worth doing.
>>87495788
You could make a simple service that's WantedBy network-online.target.
For example, something that runs
ping -c 3 -W 3 -i 0.002 10.0.0.1 || true
would wait for up to 9 seconds for the wifi to connect.
>>87496049
dpkg and apt are dumb scripts. You could try satisfying the requirements for it by reinstalling and then uninstalling the packages mentioned, or go through each error and try to goad it along.
For example, mkdir /var/lib/emacsen/common/state/flavor/installed might make those perl errors vanish.
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>>87496092
>For example, mkdir /var/lib/emacsen/common/state/flavor/installed might make those perl errors vanish.
Holy shit that solved it immediately, thank you.
>>
How's linux with gaming right now? I don't really play the new stuff coming out now, mostly play on emulators and some old games.
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>>87496362
There are regular linux gaming threads on /v/. They might have a more useful perspective on that than us neckbeards.
From what I see with protondb and the steam deck efforts, things seem to be doing well.
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>>87494954
My resolution is correct for this monitor.

2560x1080p, 688mm x 290mm
>>
Arch Wiki and Debian Wiki talk about iwd being able to act as backend for systemd-networkd but I can't find any mention of how to actually configure this? I configured a wifi connection using iwctl and enabled and symlinked systemd-resolved and internet is working fine, what do I do with systemd-networkd now?
>>
Archfags, how often do you update/what is your update schedule?
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Is there any way to start VOIP calls from the terminal?
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>>87496362
Proton is in a great spot, especially thanks to GloriousEggroll's custom version of it that's pretty much better in every way.
Really gaming on Linux has never been better.
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>>87496688
I update every day when I wake up, it's pretty much part of my morning schedule.
>>
Best Linux RSS reader?
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>>87496624
>internet is working fine
What's the problem?
>>87496688
I run pacman -Syu every few days, and if nothing important stands out I just hit 'n' and ignore the update.
>>87496763
I like scriptable ones like newsboat and elfeed.
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>>87495774
You can "debootstrap" any apt-based distro
https://wiki.debian.org/Debootstrap
Follow any Arch/Gentoo/whatever guide for installation but the configuring happens with
dpkg-reconfigure timezone

and such commands. Except fstab, hostname and whatnots. But don't worry too much if you forget something.
And oh, it all may seem super minimal and fancy at first but Ubuntu has some bloat in it's dependencies. (could just install Arch)
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Least pozzed Linux distro right now?
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>>87496624
iwd is basically taking the place of networkd in this situation. If your net is running fine then you're all good.

>>87497202
Arch is the most popular non-corporate distro.
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>>87496362
Do you regularly play more than 10 1995-2005 era mods for Windows games?
If yes, don't even think about it.
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>>87496900
>What's the problem?
network-online.target does not work with iwd, it runs when iwd hasn’t connected to the network yet, I’m hoping that using systemd-networkd it could work.
Someone help please
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>>87497202
Gentoo.
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>>87488592
Debian 11, and no, not that i know. The most i messed up with the networking was setting up virtual devices for a VM.
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>>87497430
how often does this happen with Linux as desktop OS that you waste hours going through wikis, when that fails through GitHub issues and pull requests, when that fails through mailing lists, when that fails ask random people on IRC, 4chan, and Discord and no one has an answer and you’re stuck with either giving up or randomly trying every possible combination of config options hoping it will magically start to run and be left with a solution you can’t trust this is pure insanity and I might just have to go back to my awful WSL setup which I really don’t want to, I liked my iwd and systemd-resolved setup but it doesn’t work with network-online.target and no one knows why
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>>87497550
Your posts are disjointed and chaotic. Are you the same person who wanted network-online.target to stall until your wifi connects?
You could try something other than iwd, like systemd-networkd or NetworkManager, or make a service to force it to wait on a LAN connection like I suggested.
You could also set up your samba mount differently, rather than letting systemd generate a mount service.
There are a ton of creative solutions to your problem.
I almost never have to go outside of man pages or wikis, and on very rare occasion I'll read source code.
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>>87497615
Anon could always just use NetworkManager and create the .conf file needed to make it use iwd instead of wpa_supplicant as said on the Arch wiki.
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>>87497634
That's probably the most proper way to do it, since NetworkManager-wait-online.service should stall network-online.target
The ping script service idea is a quick and easy hack.
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>>87497668
NM has always been the most just werks of Linux networking solutions, like firewalld for firewalls.
>>
https://linuxfromscratch.org/lfs/view/stable/chapter08/bash.html
>--without-bash-malloc
Is there a reason they disable this? Arch also disables it, so does Debian. Gentoo makes it optional.
From what I could find, by default bash uses an older version of malloc from BSD, and it's faster but uses more space. This switch disables it.
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Suppose I want to just run the same LTS version even past the support period
Is there any good way to still keep my web browser updated when apt stops working?
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>>87497748
That's a lot of diarrhea it's even running down her legs.
>>
>>87497748
Why in particular do you want to do this? LTS releases of Ubuntu do get a good couple years of security updates after their end of life has been reached, but pretty much after said second end of life comes it very strongly tells you to just upgrade already and nothing will work properly anymore.
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>>87497748
You can keep building/updating the system manually. Either make everything install under /usr/local or build installable apt packages. It's really about how much you want to respect the package management.
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>>87497789
It's a "Tech illiterate granny" kind of laptop that's rarely used if at all and has to be as low maintenance as possible
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>>87497748
You could use something like flatpak to manage browser updates.
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>>87472224
Does it run linux?
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>>87497830
Just install the latest LTS Ubuntu then. It has extended security updates until April 2032.
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>>87497748
>keep my web browser updated when apt stops working?
snap install firefox

Enjoy updates forever.
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>>87497699
I have it enabled on Gentoo because it overwrites freed memory with --enable-mem-scramble.
>>
Its been years and installing software via terminal still makes me smile.

>Do you wish to continue? [Y/N]
>>
>Install Fedora core 1 in a VM
>Update Kernel
>Use Flatpaks for new software
>Create custom ISO
>Install on main computer
Would this work?
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>>87498652
>>Do you wish to continue? [Y/N]
N
>>
Why do Distros still install hoden manager by default?
>>
i'm trying to use gamescope with the witcher 3 to play at 4k but when the game launches it doesn't seem to pick up my mouse, i can do stuff with the keyboard, but i can't move the camera or menu or anything involving the mouse at all
how do i get my mouse to work?
>>
>>87498533
Does that matter?
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>>87498690
I
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>>87498724
If you care about mitigating information leaks, yes.
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>>87498792
Man, everything you say just goes straight over my head.
I guess I'll just leave it on, better to not mess with something if you don't know what it does.
>>
>>87498738
You?
>>
>>87496362
Mostly everything just werks nowadays.
Few caveats though, first being anticheat.
Some games work, apex legends being a notable example but it's very much on a game by game basis.
Check protondb, or areweanticheatyet to know for sure.

Second caveat is dx12 with older nvidia hardware.
If you want to run dx12 only games (horizon zero dawn or something) on older nvidia hardware (10xx and below) you will have terrible performance due to a supposed hardware limitation that vkd3d (dx12 -> vulkan wrapper) can not deal with.
Newer nvidia cards (16xx and higher) and AMD is fine though.

Overall, proton is amazing, runs pretty much everything. DXVK (dx9,10,11 -> vulkan wrapper) works perfectly fine on my hardware and in the few tests i did it's usually very close or within the margin of error in terms of performance compared to windows.
For non steam games wine is perfectly serviceable and pretty easy to manage with tools like bottles or lutris. I played WoW classic with 0 issues for example.
You might run into some other issues depending on hardware and games played but most can be resolved easily.

Just try it out on a second disk or something, it has come very far these last few years.
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>>87496362
It will depend on the old games you play. All I play have worked with minimal tinkering (except for Elona and FFXI which required a little work). I've been pretty impressed, switched to linux fully last year.
I mostly just emulate old games and play other old shit/indies myself and I haven't run into any real hiccups. Even with japanese indies.
Retroarch is a bit gayer to set up than on winblows (you have to set directories before you download cores etc and enable some stuff in the config file) but after that it's smooth sailing.
>>
>>87498844
he's trying to spell out nigger
>>
>>87498951
Exactly
>>
New thread: >>87499024



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