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File: IMG_20210918_141809.jpg (291 KB, 1512x2016)
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fuck home renovation contractors-edition


READ THE WIKI! & help by contributing:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/wiki/Home_server

>NAS Case Guide. Feel free to add to it:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/wiki/Home_server/Case_guide

/hsg/ is about learning and expanding your horizons. Know all about NAS? Learn virtualization. Spun up some VMs? Learn about networking by standing up a pfsense box and configuring some VLANs. There's always more to learn and chances to grow. Think you’re god-tier already? Setup OpenStack and report back.

>What software should I run?
Install Gentoo. Or whatever flavor of *nix is best for the job or most comfy for you. Jellyfin to replace Netflix, nextcloud to replace Googlel, ampache to replace spotify, the list goes on and on. Look at the awesome self-hosted list and ask.

>Why should I have a home server?
/hsg/ is about learning and expanding your horizons. De-botnet your life. Learn something new. Serving applications to yourself, your family, and your frens feels good. Put your /g/ skills to good use for yourself and those close to you. Store their data with proper availability redundancy and backups and serve it back to them with a /comfy/ easy to use interface.

>Links & resources
Server tips: https://anonbin.io/?1759c178f98f6135#CzLuPx4s2P7zuExQBVv5XeDkzQSDeVkZMWVhuecemeN6
https://github.com/Kickball/awesome-selfhosted
https://old.reddit.com/r/datahoarder
https://www.labgopher.com
https://www.reddit.com/r/homelab/wiki/index
https://wiki.debian.org/FreedomBox/Features
List of ARM-based SBCs: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1PGaVu0sPBEy5GgLM8N-CvHB2FESdlfBOdQKqLziJLhQ
Low-power x86 systems: https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1yl414kIy9MhaM0-VrpCqjcsnfofo95M1smRTuKN6e-E


Previous: >>83795869
>>
>>83811401
Question, as someone that wants to own a SAN (because I want to, no other reason), is the only solution to purchase hardware in the thousands of dollars range?
>>
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>>83811401
weeeee
>>
>>83811401
OP, like someone else suggested in this weekend's thread replace pfSense with OPNsense in the sticky next time.
>>
>>83811964
This
There is no reason to use pfSense over OPNsense, unless you want paywalled features and badly coded software
>>
>>83811964
>>83812283
sorry, im not regular OP and missed that.
>>
trying to edit the case guide and keep getting error 500 for the visual editor?
>>
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>De-botnet your life. Click these google links.
tfw the botnet wants my hard drives to starve
>>
>>83811461
You can do a vSAN with any old computer to get a similar setup. vSANs are designed to get you an iSCSI target that you can then connect the client (initiator) to. The target presents the available logical unit numbers (LUNs) to the initiator, and away you go.
The hardware SANs themselves vary heavily in cost depending on the interface technology. There are fiber channel (FC) SANs, serial-attached-small-computer-system-interface (SAS) SANs, and finally BASE-T or SFP/SFP+ SANs. Fiber channel is cool, but basically functions in a similar manner to SAS in a home lab environment (direct connect to server(s)). iSCSI SANs (BASE-T/SFP+) are the most flexible overall.
>>
Do people actually buy dedicated rigs for this, I just use my Ideapad s210 touch that I got in like 3rd grade
>>
>>83811401
> 5TB Windows file server
>Running all the memes like Plex, jellyfin, radarr etc as bare metal installs
>Don't like docker
>Have a few TB of backups, media, porn games
>Have a raspberry pi for DNS filtering

Any other uses I've missed? I don't want to dedicate an entire hard drive to pfsense
>>
>>83812586
for a long time I just used an old C2D board and other stuff I had laying in my spare-parts box. But then I used it more and it was kinda slow and I wanted some more drives and I was a bit worried about how the old hardware would hold up, so I bought new stuff.
>>
What is the best site to buy a really cheap matx case for my x99 mainboard? Preferably sff because I plan to use a dc-dc to ATX power supply
>>
>>83812854
ebay since you didn't specify which country you lived in.
>>
>>83811964
The OPNsense version in pfSense is beta and makes OPNsense incompatible with any other version of pfSense going forward. The OPNsense code is open source, just like pfSense. Replacing OPNsense will not cause compatibility problems, and makes switching to a different OS and network manager simpler.
>>
>>83812891
Germany
>>
>>83813330
ebay.de
>>
Just how much can you do with a Proliant N54L in 2021? I've had one lying around for the longest time and no real purpose for it.
>>
>>83811461
I'd avoid that and just run ceph, minio or whatever. Just hook it into your usual 1 or 10 or more gbit network.

>>83813454
A bunch. It's afaik not weaker than a rpi4 and people still do stuff with these.
>>
>>83812854
>>83813330
facebook marketplace, ebay or kraut ebay alternative (ask other krauts).

SFF as in those slim desktops from HP/Dell?
DC-DC PSU like PicoPSU + external brick?
If yes, seems like wasted space since most cases are all made for bigger internal PSUs.
>>
>>83812394
No worries.
>>83812498
Kek, good catch. Makes us kind of look like hypocrites, but on the other hand I don't suppose anyone would want to expose their home Nextcloud instance hosting these spreadsheets in a 4chan general sticky.
>>83812928
Beep boop, GPT-3?
>>83812586
Nothing wrong with using an older PC you had around. Some people want the looks of enterprise stuff, some want to play with IPMIs and stuff, some got those for free from companies not wanting to put them on eBay instead.
>>83812706
>Windows
Aside from that, if it works for you then there's no need to add services you don't have a particular use for.
>>
I use ZFS for my root file system, with separate datasets for things like /usr, /vm and /home/me/hoard.
I have a 1TB m2 ssd as cache and four 8TB hdds in raidz1 for storage.

If I wanted to be sure that for example torrents aren't wasting space (and writes) on my l2arc, how correct would I be to set secondarycache=metadata for the hoard dataset? That way the stuff in /usr and /vm would still get cached, while the hoard only gets things like thumbnails cached, right?
>>
>>83811574
Oh, she's a beaut.
>>
>>83811401

For a low power but high performance NAS, should I get a generic host bus adapter SATA controller and use software RAID under the OS or should I buy a proper RAID SAS controller that supports SATA and use that to set up the RAID?

What would be the pros and cons of each?

>>83799974
>Get a cheap HBA, flash to IT mode, do RAID in software. You'll probably see idle power consumption increase of ~ 10 watts in my experience (Dell H310).
Is this the best idea? What would be the compromise with using hardware RAID controller and RAID instead? 10W running 24/7 would add up.
>>
>>83816056
I think just SATA will be fine. SAS would allow you to use less cables and sometimes the controllers are faster which may matter a lot if you have like 12+ drives or something planned on that one controller.

You probably don't want to use HW RAID. It's not so great, you'll have to get the same hardware and in the end the SW Raid solutions are a lot more tested & had more fixes + tend to have better management.
>>
If the anon who helped me monday with my Btrfs issues is here, well, it fucking happened again, but now I have a proper backup
I also tested the ram and it was indeed deffective. I just changed it for new RAM now, that should solve the problem properly.
>>
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>>83812394
don't replace shit anon, if you make the OP put whatever you want in it. just keep the useful links
>>83811574
VRRRRRRMMMMMMMMM
720's are noisy, what cpu's you got in it?
>>83812494
aye it's shit, dont use the visual editor
>>83811461
the line between SAN's and NAS's have pretty much overlapped these days. just use any old hardware.
>>83812706
>dont like docker
start liking it anon, it's good.
or play about with virtulisation, get a pfsense vm up and running, that'll teach you some things.
>>83813431
based
>>83813454
they make really good file servers, if you get a nic with offloading you can just about make a 10gig capable nas.
>>
Found this unbound conf
https://github.com/saint-lascivious/unbound-config
>>
>>83817369
Is that radiator blowing air into the panel?
>>
if all you want is something to have a lot of storage with redundancy, and run as a decently powerful plex server + torrent box + archive storage, is there a real reason to not just do it all on a NAS box with a good CPU? rather than have an NAS anyways, but also another computer attached to it that runs those services
>>
>>83817753
>is there a real reason to not just do it all on a NAS box with a good CPU?
No there's not
TrueNAS comes with all this shit built in.
>>
>laptop as main PC
>was thinking about moving server from small PC to big, fast PC made of parts I had
>one of the reasons was "muh speed at my fingertips"
>of course, once moved haven't used the newly gained performance at all, just some simple torrents and streaming
>tfw today started using it to compile kernel for postmarketOS
It's so fun, SSH from small, thin laptop to a big box and do big bulky things faster and quieter there. Do you do something similar, anons?
>>
>>83817753
You don't really need a good CPU, this stuff so far works from an ARM SBC.

But no, you don't really need more machines immediately. If it also acts as your media player or whatever and is still power efficient, just combine the machines into one?
>>
>>83818869
word. right now I'm using an nvidia shield pro '19 with a 14TB external usb HDD. it honestly works fine as a SMB server/seedbox/plex server (for 1-2 simultaneous users) but obviously no redundancy so if that drive goes it'll be a pain to get everything again, USB is a bottleneck and I can't take full advantage of my gigabit internet, etc.

the main thing I want a good cpu for is to transcode 4K HDR -> SDR with tonemapping. you need a fairly recent intel quick sync or similar chip with hw accel support for that functionality to do it smoothly. I'm thinking I might just wait until synology updates their product range next year and go that route unless there's some really compelling DIY alternative
>>
Make life easy not hard. The more complex you make something, the more shit you gotta fuck with when it breaks. Also once it's working, leave it alone. Don't tinker with it afterwards. My little freenas server sits in the basement running fine without a care in the world, needing nothing from me, day in day out. Something happens, well that's why you setup e-mail alerts, disk scrubs/smart tests, snapshots, and backup jobs. (a ups is also a good idea). Live life. Let the server do it's job.
>>
>>83819191
On one hand I agree, but on the other it's fun to have something you can tinker with.
>>
Aanyone here run ethernet cable in their drywall before? Im not sure if the house i bought has asbestos so im trying to determine how i should run ethernet from my router to my office and the basement
>>
>>83819191
Are you saying I need a new hobby?
>>
>>83817414
Also here are some good blocklists
https://v.firebog.net/hosts/lists.php?type=tick
>>
>>83819533
Look into powerline ethernet adaptors
>>
>>83819191
> The more complex you make something, the more shit you gotta fuck with when it breaks.
Depends on your definition of complex. What's complex to you could be another walk in the park for someone else.

>Also once it's working, leave it alone. Don't tinker with it afterwards
Tinkering is how you learn new things and better optimize your server. You should always look to try to improve things if you can. Sure this may cause things to break, but that's how you grow.

Learning new things I can do with my server is literally the entire joy of a homelab.
>>
I'm trying to setup a local reverse proxy using nginx.

Let's say I have services on my local network running plex & pihole.
http://plex.home:9000
http://pihole.home

Both are local dns names and both are using the same local IP. 192.168.1.1 = plex.home & pihole.home

I want to access plex by simply typing http://plex.home. That obviously can't be done because pihole.home is on port 80. How can I solve this?

server {
listen 80;
server_name plex.home;
location / {
proxy_pass http://plex.home:9000;
}

this is my nginx.conf but nothing is happening.
>>
>>83819757
Remove pihole from port 80
Run nginx on port 80
Your config for plex looks fine, then you need to do a similar one for pihole
>>
>>83819757
oh and you're missing a closing bracket on the location
>>
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>>83820019
>>83820023
awesome thanks, working now.(it wasn't actually plex but rather portainer)

Turns out I wasn't even using the correct configuration. In docker, I created a stack which was supposed to mount the config path:
    volumes:
- /home/pi/nginx-reverse:/config

so I created my nginx.conf in that folder and of course nothing happened. So I went inside nginx's console from docker, did "nginx -t" which should the config was actually located in "/etc/nginx/". I also have to apt-install nano because docker doesn't install any editors by default. Like you said, I also moved the admin panel of pihole off port 80 and put nginx on that port, though I don't know if that had anything to do with it not working. Here's the full ngnix.conf
user  nginx;
worker_processes auto;

error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log notice;
pid /var/run/nginx.pid;


events {
worker_connections 1024;
}


http {
# include /etc/nginx/mime.types;
# default_type application/octet-stream;

log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
'$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

# access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

# include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

server {
listen 80;
server_name portainer.home;
location / {
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_pass http://192.168.7.151:9000/;

}
}
}

in case someone had the same trouble I had. Now I just need to get local ssl working
>>
>>83820496
and It seems I have another issue.
While the reverse proxy works for everything hosted on 192.168.7.151, it doesn't seem to work on my other local hosts.(192.168.7.x)

proxy_pass http://192.168.7.101:6666/; doesn't work.

anything I'm missing? im thinking it could be related to docker
>>
>>83811401
>/hsg/ - have sex, /g/
>>
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So I bought a super micro server with 128gb of RAM and two Xeon E5-2620 V2s (picrel) for $174

Upgraded the CPUs to a matched pair of E5-2670 V2s and bought 8 drive trays, might get the other 8 it needs but dunno for sure yet

What could this server have been used for before I got it? I was expecting it to be gutted or nonfunctional but it was legit
>>
>>83820730
Does http://192.168.7.101:6666/ work directly then and does the server_name DNS resolve to 192.168.7.101?
>>
How much electricity does your server rack consume, /g/?

Around 120W here, which is about 70kWh per month.

That's for two small rack servers, switch, router and a couple raspberry pis.
>>
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>>83822888
forgot pic
>>
>>83822016
I meant server_name DNS should resolve to the address nginx is running on of course.
>>
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I need your tech support, anons.
If I want to sync a directory between two machines, what would be the best way to do it? I've read about unision, some people suggest rsync, but I don't know what would fit my case.
Here is what I want to do: have dir1 and all its files on both machines. I create a new file on machine1, the file is now created on machine2 as well. I edit file, delete it or whatever the changes are applied to both machines. You get the gist. However, I would like this process to be done automatically in the background. Every time any sort of change happens to files or sub-directories in dir1 on one machine it gets synced with the other machine. If machine1 is off or disconnected, the changes on machine2 will get synced with machine1 as soon as it is back on or connected. All of this automatically. How do I achieve this?
>>
>>83823439
Try Syncthing(-tray if windows, podman containers if linux)
>>
>>83823439
Seconding Syncthing, you don't even have to run it in a container imo. It's pretty clean and minimal, and just works.
>>
>>83823439
I'm pretty sure you could achieve that with rsync, cron and a bit of bash but syncthing would also work if you want a GUI of sorts.
>>
I cant ssh in to my desktop from my laptop, they have diffrent subnet masks is that the problem?
>>
>>83817477
yep, bout 9mm gap
>>
>>83819533
get a surveyor round, you not got regulations in your country that needs to have potential asbestos installations identified?
>>
>>83821923
>What could this server have been used for before I got it?
who knows
the cpu's you got included are paperweights, ddr3 ecc is good for $1 per gb, mobo and chassis is prob worth $50 so your $174 is pretty average.
>>
Any decent alternatives to hydrus? Been trying to setup hydrus and hydrus-web without great success (HTTP parsing error when setting API URL, or just unknown error).
>>
>>83824373
if you cant ping it, then yes, thats a problem
>>
>>83824479
how do I fix it?
>>
>>83824499
NAT/Static routes.
>>
>>83824456
what are you trying to do with hydrus?
>>
>>83824543
I want to setup a local booru which I can access from my phone.
>>
>>83824585
https://hub.docker.com/r/suika/hydrus
just werks
>>
why dosent ifconfig work I have net-tools installed ip a is garbage
>>83824524
?
>>
>>83824456
>>83824585
Weird, i'm using hydrus-web with no problems.
I would check the following:
- Hydrus API URL should look something like this: http://127.0.0.1:45869
- in Hydrus make sure client API is enabled, UNCHECK "do not run client api service", check "allow non-local connections", I also have "support CORS headers" and "do not forward port" checked
- check if your browser plugins aren't blocking access to 127.0.0.1 (if you have uMatrix or similar)
>>
>>83824644
compile the binary yourself
>>>/g/sqt
>>
>>83823559
>>83823965
Thank you for your answers. I installed it and seems to work pretty well.

>>83824102
I've been thinking about this too. Maybe I will try this way too.
>>
>>83824713
is thier public libraries on hydrus you can search with tags?
say, for example, evryone shared thier gigachad meme folder, could you search across all those public libraries for a truly enormous meme folder?
>>
>>83824713
I'm running suika/hydrus and floogulinc/hydrus-web. Because of how NixOS sets things up they live in separate containers, but they share a virtual network: I can reach the API from hydrus-web at http://hydrus:45969. I have the same client API settings as you do.
I specifically get "Error: Http failure response for http://hydrus:45869/verify_access_key: 0 Unknown Error". I can reach the endpoint via curl inside the hydrus docker container, however.
Do I have to generate an API key?
>>
>>83824899
It should be possible but I don't know if there are any public ones, would be great to have some huge cental meme hydrus booru.
But I know there's public tag repository which would tag all your local files that are registered in the repository, but haven't used that yet.
>>83824915
yeah, you need an API key, in Hydrus: services -> review services -> local -> client api -> add, you need at least "search for files" permission for read access, copy the key and paste into hydrus-web gui in settings.
If that won't help then maybe it's some kind of networking issue, you would have to debug that.
I run hydrus and nginx with hydrus-web natively on gentoo without any containers, so the setup is easy since both services are available on the same local address.
>>
>>83811401
when the FUCK are HD prices going to go down? 6 fucking years ago I bought 4 8TB Reds for $180 each. Goddamn $330 for them right now. I need to expand my storage!
>>
>>83825077
they're probably never going down.
chia may have permanently fucked things up. same with how GPU prices aren't going down.
thank you crypto mining.
>>
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>>83825077
get shucking.
>>
>>83823258
Nice! I guess that makes sense. I had server_name DNS resolving to 192.168.7.101 instead of nginx's local ip. Working now, thanks so much anon
>>
What should I use for a media server (which OS and hardware is the best for this use case)
>>
>>83825180
dns strikes again.
>>
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>>83825173
ive been
>>
>>83825205
modern intel cpu with quicksync compatability with your media file type.
or a modern novideo gpu
>>
>>83825226
Can it be done with a raspberry pi?
>>
>>83825223
where in the world are you? https://diskprices.com/
hdds are bare minimum margin for manufacturers these days, this is about as cheap as youre gonna get them.
>>
>>83825246
for direct play - yes, if you need to transcode you media on the fly - then no.
you could slowly convert your media folder to a format that will direct play with a background task, it wlll take a long time.
>>
>>83825249
usa.
i have a 32tb raid0 from 4x 8tb drives., i need to expand my storage., i want to go raid1+0 but goddamn drives are still expensive. i only have room for 8 drives so i need something larger than 8tb
anything more than 4 drives in raid0 is unreliable. 14tb are hella expensive
i'll also need a new raid controller card so thats also going to be pricey
>>
>>83812706
>>Running all the memes like Plex, jellyfin, radarr etc as bare metal installs
memes? they aren't memes, they are great applications. bare metal is totally pointless, why would you torture yourself with this bare metal maintenance nightmare?
>>Don't like docker
why? that's stupid, docker is amazing and reduces your maintenance to zero, why would you want to make your life difficult? people on /g/ who don't like docker are retards that don't understand docker. learn it, all of tech already has, you being a contrarian only makes you look like an idiot in other peoples eyes
>>
>>83825270
Should I do it using a VPS then?
>>
Apparently 14tb drives were on sale last week? Fuck. I've been putting all my energy looking for a new (used) car.
>>
>>83825339
for media player? no, storage will cost too much.
if you want the cheapest thing possible, try one of these tiny servers like a lenovo m93p, or a dell or HP equivilent.
they can be had used for under £/$100, chuck a 2tb drive in there and you're good.
>>
>>83825226
AMD new CPUs no good?
>>
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>>83825397
you'll need to get one of the apu's, but they aren;t very cheap atm and hard to find. better off with intel and quicksync
>>
>>83825384
Thanks for the help anon
>>
>>83825061
>If that won't help then maybe it's some kind of networking issue
Must be, because using mynas.localdomain instead of the internal docker network works as expected. I'll have to investigate an clean up the configuration later. Thanks for your help in any case, anon.
>>
>>83825383
yes they were $200 for 14TB which is like $16 per TB. Still not the golden $15 per TB but decent.

I'd rather wait out until black friday/cyber monday.
>>
>build computer for family friend about 9 years ago.
>solid but cheap office build. Stalked everything for sale so she barely had to pay anything for it, but I thought it was a good little build for the price.
>she eventually upgrades and asks if I want the old one
>slap an SSD in it, some old ram from a friend, and a bunch of drives
>install some rando nix distro
>batch download all the things I've been worried about losing online
>set up scripts to automatically crawl my favorite sites, music, Twitter likes, YouTube Playlist etc and download everything every two weeks
>have it hooked up to my TV as a media server too for anime and movies

Lads I cannot believe how comfy this box is. I may honestly go back to nux on my main pc too. It's been a long time and it's feeling pretty nice these days.
>>
>>83825624
I have 14tb drives I bought last year and earlier this year for sub $200. Still havent even taken them out of the box because lol no pc yet.
>>
>>83825383
>>83825624
>>83825650
what brand? shingles?
>>
>>83825650
>Still havent even taken them out of the box because lol no pc yet.
uh you might want to check if they even work before the warranty expires.
>>
>>83825660
wd easystores
>>
>>83825630
>I may honestly go back to nux on my main pc too.
sure, until you realize you cant play any games or run essential windows only sofware
>>
>>83825173
>>83825223
>>83825277
I dont get it, you guys are "shucking" the external drives for their 3.5" HDDs because its cheaper? No fucking way
>>
>>83825938
>No fucking way
yes. i dont remember the specifics but apparently it's cheaper for WD to sell external HDD's than internal ones, which is how this whole shucking business started.
>>
>>83811401
i have a dell like the one in the middle but its loud as fuck. i replaced the thermal paste and fan but its still annoying. any fix?
>>
>>83825938
most wd externals have a red drive in them
>>
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>>83825277
>32tb raid0 from 4x 8tb drives
>>
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Are there any benefits of making a server rack over a conventional PC?
>>
so... how much should i worry about the cpu vulnerabilities? i use westmere
>>
>>83825938
yes, welcome to data hoarding, everyone been doing this the past 10 years
>>
>>83826542
density
>>
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>>83826316
>>
>>83826660
Which means more
VRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRR
the denser you get
>>
>>83825864
>no games
have you been living in a cave for the last 2 years?
>essential windows software
passthru to VM
>>
>>83826694
yessir, same components, but with 4x the fans which are 4x smaller and make 40x as much noise
>>
>>83826669
thats why im using 4, and not 8
>>
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>>83825277
>32tb raid0 from 4x 8tb drives
Please tell me that's mergerfs and not an actual RAID0.
>>83825397
There are some difficulties using hardware acceleration in APUs for video transcoding, but I'm using an R1700 with software transcoding and it's fine at that core count. QuickSync has negligible power consumption increase during encoding, and quality is good enough 6th gen and upwards in my experience.
>>83825624
>black friday/cyber monday
Thanks for reminding me of those, guess I can wait some more and buy drives in bulk then. Not ideal (probably will be from the same batch), but whatever.
>>83825630
>I cannot believe how comfy this box is.
Glad to hear that anon.
>I may honestly go back to nux on my main pc too.
Give it a try if you don't need Windows-only software, works for me.
>>83826046
Is this still the case? All 4 of my 8 TB shucks were white labels, only two of them being helium relabels of HGST server drives.
>>83827036
godspeed anon. I guess it's acceptable if you're sure you can recreate all the data (e.g. only storing popular torrents which are certain to be seeded by someone else 10 years later). That would apply to my data mostly, but I still keep one drive dedicated to snapraid parity just in case.
>>
everything is such a chore with a homeserver.
Is it too muich to ask to have a TV in the living room on the network.
A NAS connected to the network.
A Pi to download stuff to the NAS that only works over VPN on the internet.
A NUC on the network running (and booting, and mounting) Jellyfin when I turn it on.

I just want to sit in my living room watch TV and stuff from the NAS and let some other PC do the calculations needed.
The PI wont mount the NAS, the NUC will sometimes mount the NAS and find the files. The TV can browse Jellyfin, but all content is just error error error. The files are fine, I can access them from my PC.
>>
Will updrade my zpool in the near future from two mirrored 6TB. I will buy two more 6TB drives. Eventually I'll max my 24 drive bay with striped RAIDZ2s. Would you:
- RAIDZ1, and convert to RAIDZ2 in the future
- RAIDZ2, and simply extend the pool when that feature releases?
>>
>>83812706
>Don't like docker
You're missing out. Docker was confusing to me too, I eschewed it in favor of bare metal too. Docker-compose is fantastic.

Now, if something breaks, I can just pull the Docker Compose and slap it on another machine, make sure it can access your persistent configs, you're back and running in minutes.

Need to make a configuration change? Tweak the docker-compose file, re-deploy, done.

Service crashes? No big deal, Docker will restart the container for you.

Software updates? You can choose to have them handled automatically with Watchtower - or don't. You can always stay on the version that works for you.

I built an unRAID server recently and moved all my Docker bits from my desktop over to it, my service downtime was maybe 5m. Just needed to keep persistent config files and the docker-compose files.

If command line stuff is not for you - which I could understand - grab a copy of Portainer, and you'll rarely ever have to touch the cli for docker again.
>>
>>83827436
works for me, have you tried being less retarded?
>>
/hsg/, do I need system or software metrics monitoring on my server? What exactly would I gain by implementing Prometheus, Zabbix, or similar shit?
>>
If I have 24x Patch Panel two times and one 48x Switch with SFP+ and now repeat that sequence 3-4 times. What actually makes more sense, an SFP+ DAC cable either active or passive or get everything separate. Also when wiring the Switch with each other. Do I go (A to B to C) or (A to B, A to C, B to C)
>>
I have a PC with an i5-2500 and 8gb of ram. two internal 500gb hdds and a 5tb external usb hdd. I was planning on using it as a seedbox and just leaving it on 24/7. What else should I do with it.
>>
>>83827436
Well, for starters you could consolidate these devices (except for TV) in one box. That would let you get rid of NFS or what have you, reducing ways things could go wrong. My single box is not a chore to use at all - I browse to Radarr webapp, type the movie I want downloaded, wait until I get a Matrix notification then watch in Jellyfin. git gud, anon.
>>83828119
Docker and docker-compose is pretty pleasant to use, but I think Docker Hub makes users give too much trust in what's essentially running scripts from random people on the internet. If you stick to solid maintainers (LS, hotio, binhex) or official devs you get nice images that are always up to date, but on a few occasions I noticed that the less popular maintainer just stopped updating their images, resulting in me running outdated shit, completely unaware of this.
I was thinking about rigging up my own image factory of sorts - Arch or Alpine image as base, then add the less popular software I want from official repos (which are more reliable to be up to date in time), then automatically rebuild when new versions of packages inside container are released.
Actually, that's my other problem (doubt?) with Docker images - do people recreate them when dependencies (not main software) are updated? If not, isn't this a security issue?
>>
>>83828398
DAC cable, then go A to B to C. What switches do you have?
>>
>>83828715
4 of CBS350-48P-4X. So technically A-B-C-D-A? Never really used SFP before.
>>
>>83828554
>Docker Hub makes users give too much trust in what's essentially running scripts from random people on the internet.

Perfectly reasonable. I personally stick to solid maintainers like you've mentioned, but I have had to venture off for certain things - in cases like this, I have needed to make my own modifications to images to keep them up to date.

>do people recreate them when dependencies (not main software) are updated?

This is one of the reasons why I've needed to make my own. Depends on how it was put together, I suppose, though I imagine for the sake of reproducibility most maintainers will opt to set specific deps.
>>
Get a 5 bay Orico/Sabrent type enclosure and attach it to a shit but very low power spare HP laptop I have (7W Celeron, doesn't make any heat)? Or pay more to build a proper desktop tower with lots of drive bays and SATA ports? The external enclosure is tempting because it's cheap but some of the stories that say their drives got corrupted worries me...
>>
What in the name of fuck is all the sonarr radarr lidarr jackett shitarr bullshittery? What is it all of that for?
>>
>>83829406
Never get enclosures with built-in raid, that shit will eat your data. mdadm is more reliable and more recoverable in case of failures.
>>
>>83829406
Don't use any RAID in those enclosures and you should be fine. Obviously second setup is better, but if you can find those boxes for cheap (where? in my country they're 150-200 EUR) it's a good way to start.
>>83829409
>Sonarr
Management software for TV shows. Keeps track of when each show is released in a nice calendar, downloads torrents/NZBs according to your preferences, seamlessly does quality upgrades (for example, it can download 720p HDTV right after episode is aired, then download 1080p WEB when next day it appears on streaming services, then upgrade to 1080p BluRay when season is released on disc; it will remove previous versions from media directory so that you don't get duplicates in Jellyfin/Plex/Kodi/whatever). Custom formats can make it even more configurable (upgrading from English to dual language releases, for example). Can be plugged to Ombi or another requests system for a nice idiot-proof TV show obtaining automation.
>Radarr
Same as above, but for movies.
>Lidarr
Same as above, but for music.
>Jackett
Works as a translation layer between various private tracker sites and *arrs, so that you can search for releases directly from *arrs.
>Shitarr
owo what's this?
Pretty useful stuff if you run a server for family and friends who consume more media than you want to keep track of manually. If not, RSS feeds straight in ruTorrent work good enough.
>>
>>83829565
>downloads torrents/NZBs
Oh, I should add it doesn't replace torrent or Usenet clients - it acts as a middleware between existing torrent client, your private or public trackers, you as server admin and your users via Ombi (not required).
>>
>>83829627
>>83829565

So all that does is remove the hassle from 'manuallly' looking for torrents. I would just add the many sources in jackett/prowlarr then all those services would take care of finding, updating and downloading all the files for me.
>>
What's your go to $/TB price when getting new drives? Prices seem to be going down a bit but idk what the scene was like pre pandemic and pre chia.
>>
>>83829739
Yeah, but also manages the files - hardlinks to another directory, can rename them to fit Jellyfin/Plex convention better or to fix incorrect episode numbers, removes old versions on quality upgrades. It's comfy not having to do all this manually.
>>83829786
Going by current exchange rates from my currency it would be 18 $/TB, most Amazon deals don't go lower here.
>>
I have a home server with like 10,000 images on it. it's a QNAP. What's the best way to access and browse these images, especially over LTE internet on my phone or laptop? I was using Qfile but it sucks, am thinking about using DDNS and logging in but..... yeah i'm a idiot
>>
>>83829987
use a vpn
>>
>>83829987
tailscale
>>
>>83811401
how stupid would port fowarding the ssh port so i can access my home server remotely be
>>
>>83830655
that's what everyone else does anon.
disable password auth, use a key, job done.
>>
>>83830706
>use a key
interesting, didn't think of that, i'll try it later
>>
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>>83827369
my 32tb raid0 has been online for 6 years without a single glitch.
>>
opnsense vs pfsense?
>>
>>83830973
OPNsense, at least because pfSense did kindergarten bullying to OPNsense when they forked. https://opnsense.org/opnsense-com/
>>
>>83830729
>ntfs
>without a single glitch
>doubt.
>>
Just got a neat little m720q lenovo thingy and a small the-cage NAS. Anything fun i could do with this?
i was thinking pfsense or something
>>
Am I paranoid? I have a dedicated network for my servers separated from the rest. This is good and all, but if one of my hosts were to be compromised, it would have access to all ports on the same network which would expose management interfaces, ssh and etc... I have strong passwords, but in the event that there is a vulnerability in one of these, is why I want it remedied and also because there is really no reason for it to be accessible.
>>
>>83831028
i run chkdsk /r once a year.
>>
>>83831069
based. no need for reeeeeeeFS now.
>>
>>83831059
Yes you're paranoid.
>>
>>83830973
pfsense devs are incompetent and some features are paywalled behind a commercial license
https://lists.zx2c4.com/pipermail/wireguard/2021-March/006494.html
>>
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>>83811401
Is a HP StorageWorks Data Vault X310 still usable, win7 software for it doesn't run on win10 I believe. I got it with 3tb of hdd storage for free.
>>
>>83832422
why do you need their official software?
>>
>>83832466
I don't, I guess I should've asked on how to install a linux distro on a headless machine like this. Havn't messed around with a NAS until now, but i'm willing to learn if I get a few pointers to send me in the right direction
>>
What's the easiest way to set up a matrix server (ideally dockerized). I want to use it for bridging to botnet services.
>>
>>83832775
quick google seems like it uses some common kvm same as their "media" storage products and you can connect a VGA to it.
>>
>>83832881
https://github.com/spantaleev/matrix-docker-ansible-deploy
Easiest, well maintained, has great docs and can set up almost everything Matrix related. I used this for a year on VPS, then moved to my home server, recreating the setup in docker-compose by hand.
>>83832775
Headless installs over SSH are a thing. I remember using https://github.com/philpagel/debian-headless for Debian.
>>
Are there any guides to make your own router on Linux?
Like instead of using OPNsense, you use iptables and routing rules
>>
>>83811401
>$400 CAD ($324 USD) for an external WD 14TB drive. Is this a fair price for that amount of storage? I'd be shucking the drive

https://www.bestbuy.ca/en-ca/product/wd-easystore-16tb-usb-3-0-desktop-external-hard-drive-wdbama0160hbk-nese-black-only-at-best-buy/14936767
>>
>>83833410
shucks.top
>>
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I need an ONT (Optical Network Terminal). Basically a modem but for optical networks, something with a plug like in pic related. Anything that will work.

I need it because I want to replace my trash, garbage ISP Huawei ONT + Router combo, and bridge mode is locked, telnet is unlocked and so is root access, but almost any command, including anything in Busybox shell mode, returns an unknown command message. All I did was manage to change the dns using a command someone found.

The ISP ONT + router, in case anyone can figure how to unlock bridge mode, is a Huawei HG8145V5.
>>
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>>83829409
makes piracy basically hands-off
i can search for a show, click a button to add it, just wait for it to handle everything else, then just watch it
when new episodes or movies come out (you can add upcoming movies and it will look when it's out), they get downloaded automatically
this is especially important for public torrents, since they are healthiest when they're new, for the more annoying things like discovery channel shows, they can die off pretty fast
>>
>>83831069
this doesn't really gaurantee shit beyond basic metadata structures
ntfs has no checksums nor full disk scrubbing, it could be covered in data errors and you cannot know
>>
>>83825270
What's transcode?
>>
>>83834886
it's what trans-people do
>>
>>83834886
convert to another format
>>
>>83835173
I see
>>
>>83811574
what drives are you using? looking to populate mine on my r720
>>
>>83817369
>720's are noisy,
they are actually not. mine sits whisper quiet most of the time.
>>
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aint she a beaut?
>>
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>>83835351
>>
>>83835372
i wish 4chan was smart enough to at least keep the rotation information, when they stopped allowing exif they didn't just kill gps coordinates, but other useful features like rotation and colour profiles as well
>>
>>83835391
just save it before uploading, it's been fucking years already.
>>
>>83835351
What is the silver box
>>
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I did a couple of speed tests from my NAS to my w10 clients SMB/iscsi/NFS. I used crystalmark on all three of them and found out that NFS is dog shit because it runs nfs v2/3 only. I did test over iscsi and found that its much faster around 300-400MB/s in the r/w for random but about 100-200MB/s slower in sequential writes. I also transferred a large blu-ray video to each the iscsi and SMB with iscsi it jumped to about 1.5GB/s for a short time then dropped to about 900-950MB/s as opposed to SMB which always stayed at about 900MB/s. This is over a 10g and both shares are on a raid nvme. Any reason for the iscsi speed decrease? I think its due iscsi being block based?
>>
>>83833638
Why don't you tell your ISP to put the thing in bridge mode instead of trying to hack it yourself? I have some similar-looking Huawei ONT, when they installed it I asked them to put it in bridge mode and it has been rock solid ever since. Do they refuse to do it or what?

>>83836171
>it jumped to about 1.5GB/s
That's beyond even 10Gbit networks, do you actually have a network that's faster than that? If not then the 1.5GB/s initial burst was probably a buffer filling up or some shit, the lower numbers you report sound plausible for a 10Gbit network.
>>
>>83836200
iscsi has some kind of buffer? Is iscsi better for smaller files like images seeing how its faster for random r/w? Sequential is better for larger files, random is for smaller ones?
>>
>>83836286
I have no idea what buffers iSCSI has but the OS does normally buffer (cache) disk I/O in general so it's probably doing that anyway, unless you specifically know that iSCSI disables this.
>>
>>83819533
anon do NOT listen to this >>83819656 fucker. Powerline is dogshit.

When was your house built? running ethernet drops is not difficult if you have decent attic or crawlspace access. My house was built in the 70s and has popcorn ceiling that may have asbestos, but you are unlikely to have asbestos in your drywall, attic, pipe insulation, etc. unless your house is really old. Worst case you bunny up and get a respirator lmao
>>
>>83827436
retard detected.

- NAS for dumb storage target
- Media PC for accessing media from said NAS
- VM on media PC configured with iptables-enforced VPN-only internet access to download media, using NAS as storage target.

Before I had the NAS, it was all 1 physical machine.
>>
>>83833986
first rule of shitarr is to not speak of shitarr
>>
>>83829497
Just use JBOD mode then
>>
>>83831013
pfSense seems based ngtl
>>
>>83832881
Don't it fucking sucks.
All your metadata will still be slurped by matrix.org
You will also have high loads even with only 1 user due to the way rooms are distributed.
Use XMPP, IRC, mumble or some other non meme chat server.
>>
>>83837343
I dont know how encryption certifcates work and xmpp is hard to install
>>
>>83837400
If you find an XMPP server hard to install you don't have a hope of dealing with the spaghetti that is synapse.
Try prosody if you have had trouble with ejabberd.
Prosody lightweight, well documented and simple to configure.
Openfire is also easy to use/manage with a webui, but is bloatware if you aren't running a huge cluster with 1000s of users.
>>
>>83837400
>xmpp is hard to install
Use podman-compose/docker-compose, it should be easier.
>>
>>83827436
> everything is such a chore with a homeserver.
How?

> Is it too muich to ask
Feel free to. Actually you could pretty much combine all these three into an ODroid N2+ or a x86_64 low power consumption APU cube PC of some kind installed near your TV.

> The PI wont mount the NAS, the NUC will sometimes mount the NAS and find the files. The TV can browse Jellyfin, but all content is just error error error.
Well, fix whatever unexpectedly causes this? Maybe check your cables and for the fiber parts of the network maybe the transceivers.
>>
Anyone of you faggots use Heimdall on Truenas? I've been using it for a while and noticed that when I leave the heimdall page open on my browser my server shows constant disk IO. As soon as I go into a subfolder on Heimdall it stops. I have two qbittorrent links on Heimdall that show current up/download, could that be the culprit? It's the only live updating icon on there.
>>
>>83835327
not the guy but i have an identical model for my virtualization. using some SUN F80s in the low profile slots for VM disks and all 16 2.5" drive bays are seagate 10k 900GB drives in big ass ZFS pools for more vm storage. Liking it a lot.
>>
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just got a couple of Jetson Nano
how do I make it into a video streaming setup with the least amount of steps?
currently they have debian in them as I was just testing out the GPU etc.
>>
>>83839640
Define "streaming setup"
>install plex
>import library
done.
>>
>>83839879
IP open to the internet where I can login from anywhere to watch my animu
>>
>>83839970
install stream solution of your choice (Plex/Emby/Jellyfin) and configure.
Open port in firewall and access your media via IP:port, alternatively use a reverse proxy with nginx/traefik.
Use wireguard/tailscale to limit access.
>>
>>83840098
the one downside to using wireguard is if you are on a machine that isn't yours and you need to access it.
Also it's a lot more risky to download wireguard on the untrusted machine because you're essentially trusting that machine with access to your entire LAN network.
>>
>>83824449
you're full of shit
>>
i have a few random hdds and an old pc i would like to create a raid like array that has some protection against disk failure and can be easily maintained and expanded. Unraid looks like something i need, is there another alternative?
>>
>>83836200
>Do they refuse to do it or what?
They straight up refuse to do it. They were even uppity about me asking to change my DNS, saying that I have no business with that.

At least it's fiber, it's gigabit up and down, it's 30 euros a month with no data cap and no one gives a fuck about piracy.
>>
>>83840563
btrfs raid1
>>
>>83840098
thanks a lot, I'll try this out over the weekend
cheers lad
and I wont be doing wireguard and all that BS. there wont be anything in them, it will be airgapped from everything else with just an ethernet and an SSD connecting to it.
>>
>>83840353
Obviously, if you only use a single subnet. If you need access from an untrusted machine you should setup a DMZ.
>>
>>83839133
ive been looking at shucking the 5tb seagate portable drives to build a big ass pool as well my only concern is they are SMR. ive read they work fine with ZFS but they are still SMR...
>>
>>83840697
you could always use a couple mirrored ssds to act as a write back cache, so you don't need to write directly to the hdd's
>>
>>83835487
thats a UDM pro. its a router firewall thingy made by ubiquiti
>>
>>83840717
thats exactly what i was thinking. I wanted to do a raidZ2 fot 20tb and 2 failover as well as 1tb ssd cache for writes
>>
>>83840697
Consider using 16tb+ toshiba/sg/wd drives now that the market prices recover. It's still ~5w power and one port each. Less than 20 vs 60 drives will be a difference.
>>
>>83840770
i've never used an SMR drive myself, i only know roughly how they physically work, and that their non-sequential writes are terrible (not that hdd's are good at that anyway)
an ssd write-back cache should take care of that, provided it's large enough to handle your instantaneous write load (that is, it doesn't become full before it's able to flush back to the hdds)
if performance is a concern this is a good idea even on normal hdd's, even if it's just a couple tiny ssds, even just a read cache for metadata has a noticeable difference, hdd's in general are really very shit at random I/O
>>
>>83840793
youre thinking of 3.5 drives im limited to 2.5 only.
>>
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What do you even have servers for?
>>
sold all my server stuff, im finally free.

feels good
>>
>>83840894
linux iso's, mostly
>>
>>83840894
>all the CeePee in the world condensed into 58 terabytes
pretty sure he just had like 1 terabyte of that, the rest filled with movies and games, no way theres that much porn of that in the wild
>>
>>83840894
I need 100tb for iso files
>>
>>83841040
might be more than you think, that's a lot of child abuse
>>
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>>83811401
Currently 20TB in my drawer. Waiting for a sale of a 14TB drive. What do you guys think?
>>
>>83840894
mostly to store my various isos and access them on the go via my VPN
>>
i have an unbound question for home server use. is anyone using qmcgaw/dns for Dot? bare metal can use it for dns but not other containers, even when i specify --net=host. anyone have any tips how i can get this to work?
>>
>>83840894
doubtful. it was probably 99.99999% gentoo isos and 1 pizza pic
>>
>>83841151
clean it up....
>>
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posting my rack

r220 r2
>pfsense
patch panel
cable organizer
cisco 3650
r720 xd
>120 TB
>docker
>nextcloud
>sonarr
>radarr
>qbittorent
>organizr
>guacamole
>grafana
2U blank
r720 xd
>120TB
>Veeam
APC UPS
4U Drawer
6U blank
AC Infinity Fan Panel
>>
>>83841248
God damn that's so comfy
How much did you put in that all in, approximatley?
Do you buy new or you get some old stuff companies are selling?
>>
>>83825630
>set up scripts to automatically crawl my favorite sites, music, Twitter likes, YouTube Playlist etc and download everything every two weeks
Are those publicly available or something you wrote yourself?
>>
>>83841269
Thanks anon

>How much did you put in that all in, approximatley?
around $1100 USD

>Do you buy new or you get some old stuff companies are selling?
just scoping around on ebay, I do pretty well so I didnt try to find deals
>>
>>83840894
>centralised backup and cloud storage for all our devices, laptops, phones blahblah
>storage for our work and remote access
>plex for us, family and friends
>qbittorrent & jackett
>pihole
>netdata for quick&dirty server monitoring
It's incredibly useful and fuck the cloud.
>>
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>>83835372
Yeah yeah I know. It's vertical on my phone... these are the drops I made.

Found the blue clover exif orientation fix yay!
>>
>>83841292
>$1100 USD
Just 1k? That's very low. Just the 240TB ought to cost more than that.
Nice shit, right now I just use a normal desktop case but my server, but maybe some day I'll setup a rack with proper equipment
>>
Has anyone tried apache quacamole? It looks pretty good on paper but also kind of painful to setup.
>>
Can I tell my story as well?
>was a good iCloud paypig, gigs of photos, docs, notes
>one time accidentally lock myself out of it all by forgetting to update the account's phone number
>wait an entire week to get back to my data
That was half a year ago and I finally returned to the idea of my own cloud.
>start reading, learn everything I unlearned about linux, hardware, domains, hosting, ssl/tls/ssh/lgbt and so on
>get a domain and a refurbished Dell SFF workstation
>spend 1 more week learning about routing, security and everything inbetween
It's been more than a month and this comfy and quiet machine which serves me really well, thanks to the gigabit connection. Nextcloud is a blessing too. Thanks for reading my blog :)
Dunno if I need to install anything else apart from Nextcloud. The only thing I need is a better photo gallery.
>>
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>>83841483
Also Ubuntu is extremely stable (if you purposely don't break it I guess)
>>
>>83830655
If it's only you using it, switch it to a random port and enjoy the silence in the logs
>>
what do you use yours for currently?
>>
>>83841585
>>83841483
>>
>>83841585
Syncing between phone, lappy and desktop from anywhere.
The best usecase which feels like magic:
>turn on my Canon camera
>it automatically connects to home Wi-Fi and uploads the latest pics to a folder on the PC thanks to a Canon utility
>Nextcloud instantly starts syncing it
>5 minutes later I have it all viewable and editable on both iPhone and laptop
>>
>>83841655
/comfy/
is it two way or just one way sync?
>>
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>Have a VPS
>Tried install searx
>Couldn't get it to work
>Deleted everything installed and restart the process
>127.0.0.1:8888 is not available
>Can't for my life figure out how to open/enable it
>>
>>83842099
Changes from the mobile devices are pushed to the server and from there to the PC as well of course. Overall I find it better than iCloud even in terms of speed, user-friendliness and everyday convenience.
>>
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I am having problems with the simple task of setting up a guest vlan to my router using openwrt after the 21.02 update which switched to use DSA. I had set everything up 2 years ago and went to update the router to find out they rolled DSA and I have forgotten how I exactly set things up. Currently I have set up the ports as they were, so should be okay, but I can't figure out the firewall settings. Currently my firewall is set like pic related. However, I can go from the port that is set for guest vlan to router settings ip address that is set for lan vlan. So obviously these vlans are not isolated. Rejecting the INPUT on guest vlan drops it from accessing internet. I need to set some additional rules for DHCP and/or DNS to go through? I am pretty sure I never set those on older openwrt version yet it worked how I wanted with settings like these.
>>
>>83841395
>It's vertical on my phone
see:
>>83835391
>>83835461
>>
>>83840894
>NAS
>Plex
>VPN
>ATAK
>Pi Hole

Next thing I have to do is heavily upgrade so I can set up a Proxmox node
>>
>>83842417
nvm used this
https://openwrt.org/docs/guide-user/network/wifi/guestwifi/guestwifi_dumbap
>>
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>>83840894
my current server is low specced so I keep it simple. Building a new hypervisor that I'll use for self hosting personal projects though in addition to all this.
>>
>>83840894
NAS, seedbox, game servers, soon media player too
>>
>>83840563
Mergerfs and snapraid, basically a free but not realtime equivalent of Unraid storage setup.
>>83840894
Services that don't fuck me. This includes media streaming, "cloud" storage, IM, etc.
>>
>>83841655
I'm trying to move to nextcloud but have hit some roadblocks which I'm not sure I can be bothered with to fix. The truenas plugin has upload size limit, very high cpu usage and hates large folders for some reason.
I know theres ways to tweak it but I'm still trying to figure out how many hours I should sink into this.
>>
>>83840683
I don't understand the concept of a DMZ.

I understand separating the NAS from your familys machines by putting the NAS on it's own VLAN (DMZ) and forwarding only the ports they might need to the other VLAN.
But then that NAS which contains all your data is in the DMZ, so when you expose it to WAN, it defeats the purpose because you essentially exposed that device with all your shit on it. Sure it's isolated from the rest of the network, but then you can't access it from within the network.
If you made rules to allow it between VLANs, then an attacker can just enter through that, and reach your other VLANs through it.

What am I misunderstanding here?
>>
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I was waiting for payday to get some new drives so I could move my files from my old ReadyNAS Pro 2, then the day before this happens.

The power LED is flashing, disk 1 LED is solid and disk 2 LED is flashing. Looking online suggest disk 2 is the issue, what do?
>>
>>83843541
>what do
have backups
do those drives run in raid? depending on configuration you'll still be able to grab data
>>
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>>83843581
>have backups
Boy I really wish I did.
It's a 2-bay so I'm pretty sure it'll be Raid 1, I borrowed a HDD Dock from work so I was thinking about checking each disk with R-linux for Windows, but figured I'd try asking here first
>>
>>83841292
>just scoping around on ebay

You know if the refurbished systems are any good?
>>
>>83843689
That's what mine are, been fine
>>
>>83843659
Well if it's mirrored you're fine, backup/move the working drive data ASAP. Maybe even do a cloud backup if you can't get replacement drives
>>
>>83840577
That sucks then, considering how I was talking to a guy on the phone when I asked to have mine set to bridge mode, it follows that these things can be controlled remotely by the ISP, so even if you managed to bypass it they would probably be able to tell, or even worse would have some check built-in which disables your internet access.
>>
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>>83843775
Nah. If I managed to change the DNS without them noticing then I'm sure they won't notice bridge mode.
Besides, they told me they have a whitelist for hardware that accesses their optical network that simply uses the MAC address of the device.
If I can't figure out how to do this then I'll just get another ONT and somehow modify the MAC address.


Pic related, here's what I can and can't do. I wonder how the dns change worked yet when I try the command alone it says that it doesn't exist.
If anyone has any ideas at all, tell me.
>>
>>83841423
whoop sorry about that, I missed a zero. I meant $11,000
>>
>>83843995
also, the configuration download option is locked, so I can't get the ONT access password.

I could try opening it up and just attaching a programmer to whatever storage chip it's using and make a dump. But to open it I'd have to tear off some stickers, and then I'd have to pay their overpriced fee for this shitbox.
>>
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>>83843730
>>83843659
Well, while I wait for r-linux to do a scan of drive 1, here's the SMART for the disk, I don't have a clue what any of this means mind
>>
>>83843433
VLANs are broadcast domains- any devices that exist on the same broadcast domain can talk to each other largely unhindered. This is why, for instance, you can host a game on a LAN and anyone on said LAN can connect to you, assuming there is no software firewall blocking connections.

Communication between VLANs, and more commonly between a WAN and your VLANs requires routing. In most circumstances, a firewall and access rules dictate what and how information is routed between VLANs. A DMZ is unique in that there is no firewall facing the WAN; the router allows ALL traffic to pass.

In your scenario, your concern is valid; if you have no reason for your NAS to be exposed to the Internet, by all means take it out of the DMZ. You can create a separate VLAN for it and configure firewall/access rules however you like. DMZ is convenient but lazy approach to hosting things on the web- with specific rules set you can have tighter security. you'll just need to figure out what your firewall is capable of or purchase/configure something more feature-rich. I use a sonicwall for my home network and it does everything I need.
>>
>>83843995
Maybe you're right and they won't notice unless a person actually looks at it, which is unlikely to happen at random.
>>
>>83811401
Anyone know of any rackmount bare-metal/whitebox switches that cost less than 1000-something dollars and aren't confusing to figure out how (or require a contact with a sales representative) to buy? I'm also looking for something with PoE, and I don't need a shitton of ports (between 16-24).
>>
>>83845121
mikrotik
>>
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Completely new so excuse the stupid question, but if I have drives of different sizes is it better to make a Windows server and use storage spaces vs. a Linux distro + ZFS without redundancy?
>>
>>83841151
as the other anon, said, I think you should clean your shit up.
>>
>>83845315
What are the drive sizes?
>>
>>83841248
you should put a 10g card between your 720's if you've not already.
do you dedicate your whole r220 to pfsense?
>>
>>83845690
>you should put a 10g card between your 720's
I did already

>do you dedicate your whole r220 to pfsense?
yeah, I know it was overkill but I dont care
>>
>>83842191
wipe the whole vps instance and start again.
>>
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>>83845707
>>83845690
adding on to this, since there is 10g between these two, the bottle neck isnt the network. It says source which makes me think it's the drives, I havent really looked too much into it
>>
>>83845315
> is is it better to make a Windows server and use storage spaces
No, unless you only can operate Windows?

> vs. a Linux distro + ZFS without redundancy?
You could, but if you were ok with Windows you might as well do JBOD/mergerfs on ext4, xfs, btrfs or whatever else too, since all the checksums aren't going to do you much good without the ability to repair.
>>
>>83845669
3, 8, and 10tb. Also planning to get a 12 or 14 on BF
>>
>>83846246
I don't have a preference between Windows and Linux, I was just thinking of using Windows because storage spaces seemingly has redundancy with different sized drives
>>
>>83846299
You DO want redundancy? Yes, a bunch of things on Linux have it too.

Snapraid, SHR and its alternatives including just making your own x TB striped partitions, almost all the distributed filesystems (minio ceph seaweedfs whatever) even BTRFS...
>>
>>83835351

rotate
>>
>>83843659
raid is not a backup
>raid is not a backup
RAID IS NOT A BACKUP
>>
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>>83759403
>>83759417
>>83759484
>>83759696
finally got the AM4 mounting bracket for the cooler
>>
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>>83846861
>tfw everything just works despite being second hand
aww yeah baby
>>
I've got a 2014 21.5in iMac, and several external drives, can I get a good link on how to turn this into a single use home media server? All the links in the OP are great but I don't really have the technical vocabulary to put these pieces together. Also is this even a viable setup for a single user? Here are the specs on the iMac
Processor: 1.4GHz dual-core Intel Core i5 processor (Turbo Boost up to 2.7GHz) with 3MB shared L3 cache
Memory: 8GB of 1600MHz LPDDR3 onboard memory
Graphics: Intel HD Graphics 5000

I can boot whatever distro off a USB, but the dual core CPU makes me think it might not be great for the job. I do have a T460 with an i7-6600U that I could dedicate to this but its also dual core.
>>
>>83846878
hmm... should i downgrade BIOS? Official page says they dont recommend this version for my CPU.
>>
>>83846993
what do you mean by home media server exactly? if you just want a nas then you can setup file shares from whatever OS you pick. If you want to run plex server or something just check for compatibility with the distro you install but you're going to be severely limited by your hardware.
>>
>>83847338
Ideally I'd like to be able to stream movies, shows, etc to another PC. Is it even worth it with the hardware I have, or would I have a better experience using it as a nas and just downloading what I wanna watch?
>>
>>83847416
your thinkpad probably has better chances, install something lightweight and then it should have overhead for video streaming. You have nothing to lose by setting it up and seeing how it performs, shouldn't take you longer than an hour or two.
>>
>>83846878
>>83846861
75W idle with 8 WD40 Reds.
Might be able to shave a bit off that by setting lower CPU TDP.
Not bad considering my current NAS idles at 60W with a 10yo dual core mobile AMD trash APU and four 1.5TB Greens.
>>
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>>83845707
you tried performance testing throughput on your pfsense server? be interesting if it could route at near 10gig speeds with that cpu, or with a heavy amount of IPS inspection.
is the source a directly attached datastore? as soon as you go over 1gig with veeam it eats the cpu, so be prepared to give it at least 8vcpu
>>
>>83847479
Any foreseeable issues with booting from a USB? Is there a recommended lightweight distro? I run arch but the wiki said that probably isn't the best for this kind of thing.
>>
>>83847676
>you tried performance testing throughput on your pfsense server?
I havent, no


>so be prepared to give it at least 8vcpu
how do I do this? the server is just running bare metal windows with veeam. Might be a setting or something I'm missing
>>
>>83844675
Yeah, but I'm hitting a brick wall with telnet here. There's no documentation at all, that DNS changing command worked but I have no idea how this guy got it or where he found the documentation for it. I tried asking Huawei and they told me kindly to fuck off.

I tried searching my router model online, but it's either indian punjabi videos or aussies, and they all seem to have a completely different version of the firmware, even the router web UI looks completely different than mine.

Here's the info about it from the router web UI

Device Type: HG8145V5

Description: EchoLife HG8145V5 GPON Terminal (CLASS B+/PRODUCT ID:2150083679AGK7001945/CHIP:000b0020190326)

Hardware Version: 15AD.A

Software Version: V5R019C10S270

ONT Registration Status: O5(Operation state)

ONT ID: 0

Custom Info: COMMON
>>
>>83811401
Is there an equivalent for https://shucks.top/ for CPUs and other components?

>>83821923
Was this an one off deal or are there more? I'm interested.
>>
>>83847975
no, they dont vary like HDDs. just look at the launch price and check price history.
>>
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>>83846861
i just realized the cpu only has 12 lanes, 8 for pcie slot and brainlet me put in an NVMe drive. now i gotta take it apart and take it out so i can hook up some SATA drives for boot and jail pools...
>>
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>>83848007
Sorry, should've clarified. I want a price/perf chart.
I was writing this monstrocity when I said fuck it and took a look here.

>>83848049
F
>>
>>83848064
>price/perf
yes those exist, just dont use the userbenchmark shit lists. try finding it on tomshardware or anandtech. aka perf/dollar chart
>>
fuggggg

just found out Odroid discontinued the H2+, what a shame I didn't buy one when I had the chance. A one of a kind of SBC, nothing even comparable.
>>
>>83848194
Thanks, the Userbenchmark ones are dogshit which is the reason I started that monstrocity.
>>
>>83847948
I don't know what to tell you, the Huawei ONT I have doesn't even have any web interface that I can connect to since it's just acting as a dumb bridge/media converter as far as internet access is concerned (it also supports coax TV output and a phone landline). My own router just gets a public IP address via DHCP from my ISP, though it is MAC-based in my case as well. I never tried to fuck with it in any way either.
>>
If I use Plex to stream videos to my PC what video player does it use? Is it easy to use MPV with my config and scripts? If not is there another program I can use to do this?
>>
>>83811401
>home renovation contractors
>not doing it your fucking self
>>
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Can somebody point me to a qBittorrent dark theme for the web UI? I can't seem to get this one I found to work.
I assume I just make a folder where qBittorrent.conf is located and then add that path to it on the alternative Web UI option, but all I get is "Unacceptable file type, only regular file is allowed".
>>
>>83848925
I go here for my themes, I also use the qbittorent one

https://github.com/GilbN/theme.park

This is assuming you're using a webui via docker or something
>>
>>83849002
Nevermind, I'm retarded, got my / and \ mixed up, no idea why the paths docker are the other way around.
>>
>>83849046
glad you got it to work
>>
>>83848754
Not sure for MPV but I know with Kodi you can do it
Any reason why you don't want to use Plex's player?
>>
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>>83848049
finally
>>
>>83849690
Mostly because of the webm script and a general familiarity with all the keybinds and what not that I have set up. I was just looking at sshfs and mounting remote filesystems. I think that might be another option although I am interested in checking out kodi if it works with mpv. I will probably end up trying out both options though
>>
>>83848754
>>83849690
i use jellyfin-mpv-shim, which can play jellyfin media through regular mpv
there's a plex-mpv-shim as well, which i assume works the same way
>>
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>>83846427
>Snapraid
Why have I never come across that, it is perfect thank you very much anon! My media files don't need the RAID speed improvements this'll work just fine. I've only ever used Ubuntu when using Linux, is that a good (meaning secure and lightweight) choice for a server or no?
>>
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>>83811401
Finally turned my old machine into my first server. Hosting video files for windows laptops connected to tvs on the lan. what else should I do with it?
>>
Should I migrate to truenas scale or wait until it's out of beta? I heard it has performance issues compared to truenas core. I mainly want native docker support it offers
>>
>buying memory for router
>buy 4x 4GB on ebay
>buy another 8x 2GB
>get an install 4GB DIMMs
>runs fine
>get and install additional 2GB DIMMs
>won't boot
>check RAM
>4GB are UDIMMs and 2GB are RDIMMs
FUCK
>>
>>83849957
mysterious schizo tor website
>>
>>83811401
What do you lads do with your retired equipment? I have a spare i5 nuc that I have sat in a draw doing nothing, wondering if I should just give it to a friend if all my other self hosting troubles are taken care of by the upgrades I've done
>>
>>83841174
bumpy for help
>>
>>83848749
Which Huawei ONT are you using? I might try to hunt one down and try switching to that if I ever get the ONT password
>>
>>83850741
No idea what model it is, it's not written on top and I can't flip it over to look on the bottom for a label or something without taking cables and a bunch of other shit out. It looks like the model you mentioned except with shorter antennas. My ISP gave it to me for free to use (it belongs to them) so I really haven't done anything with it.
>>
>>83850370
>retired equipment
No such thing. Just gets relabeled as a lower tier node in the kubernetes cluster
>>
>>83850370
>What do you lads do with your retired equipment?
I just give computers, phones and clothes to my brother and closest friends :)



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