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Welcome to /fglt/ - Friendly GNU/Linux Thread.

Before asking for help, please check our list of resources.

If you would like to try out GNU/Linux you can do one of the following:
0) Install a GNU/Linux distribution of your choice in a Virtual Machine.
1) Use a live image and to boot directly into the GNU/Linux distribution without installing anything.
2) Dual boot the GNU/Linux distribution of your choice along with Windows or macOS.
3) Go balls deep and replace everything with GNU/Linux.

Resources: Please spend at least a minute to check a web search engine with your question.
*Many free software projects have active mailing lists.

$ man %command%
$ info %command%
$ %command% -h/--help/-?
$ help %builtin/keyword%

Don't know what to look for?
$ apropos %something%

Check the Wikis (most troubleshoots work for all distros):
https://wiki.archlinux.org
https://wiki.gentoo.org

/g/'s Wiki on GNU/Linux:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Category:GNU/Linux

>What distro should I choose?
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Babbies_First_Linux
>What are some cool programs?
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/list_of_applications
https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Main_Page
>What are some cool terminal commands?
https://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse
https://cheat.sh/
>Where can I learn the command line?
https://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashGuide
https://www.grymoire.com/Unix/
http://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit
>Where can I learn more about Free Software?
https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/philosophy.html
>How to break out of the botnet?
https://prism-break.org/en/categories/gnu-linux

/fglt/'s website and copypasta collection:
https://fglt.nl && https://p.teknik.io/wJ9Zy

/t/'s GNU/Linux Games: >>>/t/1041843

IRC: #sqt on irc.libera.chat
https://fglt.nl/irc.html

Previous thread: >>83338417
>>
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Can anyone recommend me a graphical chat client that can do IRC, XMPP and Matrix?
>>
>>83358488
Pidgin (or Finch if you prefer) is still the best option for graphical clients. Bitlbee is the best command line client.
>>
I don't normally go in for ricing, but I see that some people use a font for symbols in command line programs, like volume symbols in bash scripts.

What font do you need to display those things outside of firefox? It just comes out as white boxes if I paste them into a command.
>>
>>83358441
Anons who use free software because of ethical reasons, a question for you.
How and where do I find people like you IRL? How do I start dating with people like you? I think that finding a bf within a pool of people who use free software is easier than explaining the concept of free software to outsiders.

t. cis gay man
>>
>>83358507
Fucking really? I remember hating Pidgin's UI even ten years ago. But that reminded me of libpurple. Gonna see if I can find another client using it as a backend.
>>
I only have free software installed on my machine but I want to use this https://www.interactivebrokers.co.uk/en/index.php?f=17713
I can use it in a virtual machine but I hate virtual machines - too much fuckery with screen sizes and input
is there any way to run it on my main machine without it having access to my processes or files outside its directories?
what would you do?
>>
>>83358667
firejail does that, no?
>>
I'm basically brand new to this shit, are there any guides on essential stuff I need to be setting up from a privacy point of view?
>>
>>83358761
Anon, other anons copy-pasted the OP text for the top of the thread for a reason you know.
>>
What's a good way to install a less bloated opensuse TW with KDE? Would unchecking "Install recommended packages" leave the system without too much shit that might end up being necessary?
>>
>>83358478
someone was looking for that image the other day
>>
Can't seem to find the stupid questions thread today
I want to know what you guys think: i have a computer that sometimes will not boot, and sometimes when it boots, it freezes randomly.
I noticed that the GPU is heavy and kinda pulling itself out of the socket.
The RAM is fine, and the software ahould be fine (I have tried with mutliple bootable USBs in addition to the OS that's on there). My only other guess is a faulty driver... but then it would just fail all the time, right?
>>
>>83359343
No, not necessarily. If you feel competent enough to do so, I'd disassemble the machine, make sure it's not caked in dust or has dried out thermal paste, then reseat everything. Then I'd try and run some hardware error checking programs and consider updating or rolling back drivers if nothing is found.
>>
Is anybody else having a problem with slow shutdowns and reboots with Arch using KDE? Is there just some kind of bug going on right now that they have not fixed?
>>
>>83359390
It's a pretty new machine, so I don't think there's any dust. But my cat gets her fur everywhere, even though I don'tlet her touch the tower. I didn't put it together, I'm more comfortable with software. If it was installed incorrectly I'm gonna be angry, since I paid a local guy to do it for me.
Do you know of a good hardware diagnostics tool? I think something is getting disconnected sporadically and causing a freeze.
What's strange is that it has gradually freezed more frequently and has only recently started doing it so often. I need to be able to leave this computer running full blast for days or weeks at a time, I can't have it freezing on me.
>>
>>83359404
That may just be a problem with basedstemd. I would check your journals and see of anything is amiss.
>>
>>83359567
I should also include: on startup ot says something about IRQ handler, then it says FAILED to apply kernel variables. On exactly one occasion, I got a kernel panic which I took a picture of, can share if relevant.
>>
>>83359567
>more frequently
>cat
Uh huh.

For Windows? Crystal Disk Info and the included Memory Diagnostic tools will cover drives and RAM, otherwise pirate AIDA64.
>>
>>83358761
>how to break out of the botnet
is pretty good
also the techxodus wiki has some good resources, not Linux exclusive though, it's mainly alternatives to big tech services.
https://wiki.techxodus.org/en/home

desu, Linux doesn't really need much in the way of mitigation unless you're using Ubuntu. There's really no benefit for a distro to insert spyware into itself, unless they want to tank their credibility. People are still mad (rightfully so) about Ubuntu's fairly short-term deal with Amazon from 2012.
>>
>>83359583
I have already done this. I guess I should have been more specific in saying that I already know what is causing it. I just wanted to see if someone else was having it too. It appears to be something with kwin which makes me think it is a bug.
It's been this way for a few months now too, and it also occurs on my laptop so it is persistent across installations.
I cannot find a bug report on it which I find astounding
>>
>>83359620
If you're otherwise not much for hardware, at the very least, completely unplug the machine, take the side panel off and look to see that there's no dust/fur. Gently roll the fans you can reach and feel whether there's anything getting the fans stuck.

If there is dust/fur, consider buying a can of compressed air, spray to clear affected areas and wait ~20 mins for it to dry off before you replace the side panel and reconnect the cabling. If you place your computer directly on the floor, consider getting a little raised platform to lift it up a few inches.
>>
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>>83359620
I'm using GNU/Linux. Here's the pic of the startup screen that shows what systemd is doing. The freeze occurs after this dissapears, when the screen is blank or just after the login appears.
Wiggling the GPU appears to help.
>cat
Heh, well she's not actually my cat but she lives in the same house as my computer. It isn't ideal. Sometimes she bumps the HDMI cable out of the socket.
>>
>>83359343
Did the USB's work or did they eventually freeze too?
>Faulty driver
Not necessarily(?) it may be an issue with a specific function that causes a crash. I'm not very well versed in drivers.
>>83359567
This is a dumb question, but have you checked the temps? If the CPU is shutting down to stop itself from being damaged that could cause inconsistency.
>>83359609
What distro? Is it a custom kernel? Is your kernel configured for a previous set of hardware? Kernel panics are definitely not something that just happens, the error message you snapped a pic of may shed some light.
>>
>>83359724
if you can boot, what does "systemctl status systemd-sysctl" return (you may need sudo)
>>
Could someone help me with installing the Nuegia WebBrowser? I couldn't find any tutorials out there and I'm also a complete linux noob so I don't know what I'm doing.
>>
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>>83359715
My Manjaro KDE at home boots and shuts down very quickly.
>>83359720
I unplugged it, undid the side, vacuumed out the dust/cat fur (there wasn't a lot, it's pretty new) and tried to clean the fans. That's when I noticed the GPU tugging on its socket.
>>83359741
Usb's work fine, I think the ethernet controller driver is bad tho, as it doesn't do wifi and the model should support it.
The temp should be fine, it's liquid cooled and it has a bunch of fans. The 'sensors' command never shows me much though.
It's Manjaro XFCE, LTS kernel, standard install. Here's the pic of the panic, please ignore the greeniness, donno why it's green.
>>83359760
>thinking the problem is fixed after jiggling the GPU
>open the terminal
>freezes
Thanks anons, will try to get a terminal open and tell you
>>
>>83359781
The browser in question: https://git.nuegia.net/webbrowser.git/
>>
>>83359829
I also have a OpenSUSE and a Manjaro boot usb that seem to have the same issue, so I am doubtful that it's the software
>>
>>83359829
>rtl8125
Isn't that a network card?
>>
>>83359829
>My Manjaro KDE at home boots and shuts down very quickly.
It is not about the boot but rather the shutdown. How often do you restart or shutdown? That is interesting that you have no problem. Are you using x11 or wayland?
>>
>>83359856
Network card. I'm pretty sure the other PC I have uses the same card.
It's actually worth mentioning that I switched the driver on it a few months ago, before this issue became frequent. I can't check what I did if it won't boot... but I think it was r8129 before and it's r8125 now (the name of the kernel module)
>>83359859
This is a different computer, the one I was talking about I restart every day. I turn it off at night and turn it on when I get hack from work.
>>
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q76bMs-NwRk
I don't know if this should be here or in /sqt/ but i'm using Xubuntu so why not. Any good tool to generate something like these loops from simple audio cues? I wanna do that with Minecraft's rain sound effects.
>>
>>83359781
Did you clone the git repo? There's usually a readme.
>>
>>83359925
What do you mean exactly? You should be able play something with gapless playback with
mpv --loop file.mp3
, or you can create a larger file with sox
sox clip.mp3 -C 320 clip_repeated_32_times_at_320kbps.mp3 repeat 32
>>
ok should i install arch or install some distro based on it its high time i dropped windows
>>
>>83359968
I wanted b (not that long, like 15min max then a loop) thanks.
>>
>>83359781
>git clone https://git.nuegia.net/webbrowser.git/
>cd webbrowser
>install the dependencies in BUILD
>git submodule update --init --recursive
>cp doc/mozconfig.example .mozconfig
>./mach build
>./mach run (optional test, should run an instance of the browser)
>./mach package
You now have a tarball to install, the directory it is placed is set in .mozconfig, I assume you need to make your own desktop file, and there's probably the web browser icon in the repo somewhere
>>
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Installed 3 different "arch" distros. I get the same thing on fresh install. Whats up with kworker being so high? I checked google and it tells me any acpi threads > 1k to be killed. Just one in 500 that doesnt change.
>>
>>83359988
Arch is like learning to swim by getting dropped in the deep end, it's too much for some, but for others it's exactly what they need. If you just can't stand windows and are sure you'll never go back, you may as well learn how to install it. Me personally, I used Manjaro coming off Windows, but the issues were so bad I ended up switching to Gentoo. Arch is very flexible, it's hard to really go "wrong" with it.
>>
>>83360191
interrupt storm maybe?
Do you notice anything weird/being spammed in dmesg?
>>
>>83358441
What's a good way of taking math notes without having to learn latex? I've been thinking of drawing the equations in a different program and then inserting it into org-mode as a regular image.
>>
>>83360254
[  829.957741] audit: type=1106 audit(1631553917.466:95): pid=17743 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:session_close grantors=pam_limits,pam_unix,....
[ 829.957844] audit: type=1104 audit(1631553917.466:96): pid=17743 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:setcred grantors=pam_faillock,
[ 915.072546] audit: type=1130 audit(1631554002.580:97): pid=1 uid=0 auid=4294967295 ses=4294967295 msg='unit=systemd-tmpfiles-clean comm="systemd" ...
[ 915.072687] audit: type=1131 audit(1631554002.580:98): pid=1 uid=0 auid=4294967295 ses=4294967295 msg='unit=systemd-tmpfiles-clean comm="systemd" ....
[ 1089.819024] audit: type=1100 audit(1631554177.329:99): pid=26298 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:authentication grantors=pam_faillock,pam_permit,....
[ 1089.820832] audit: type=1101 audit(1631554177.329:100): pid=26298 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:accounting grantors=pam_unix,
[ 1089.821452] audit: type=1110 audit(1631554177.332:101): pid=26298 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:setcred grantors=pam_faillock,
[ 1089.823535] audit: type=1105 audit(1631554177.332:102): pid=26298 uid=1000 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:session_open grantors=pam_limits,
[ 1089.887526] audit: type=1100 audit(1631554177.395:103): pid=26362 uid=0 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:authentication grantors=pam_rootok acct="root" ...
[ 1089.887752] audit: type=1101 audit(1631554177.395:104): pid=26362 uid=0 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:accounting grantors=pam_unix acct="root" ...
[ 1089.888278] audit: type=1103 audit(1631554177.399:105): pid=26362 uid=0 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:setcred grantors=pam_rootok acct="root" ...
[ 1089.888411] audit: type=1105 audit(1631554177.399:106): pid=26362 uid=0 auid=1000 ses=1 msg='op=PAM:session_open grantors=pam_unix acct="root" ...
[ 1123.801155] audit: type=1130 audit(1631554211.313:110): pid=1 uid=0 auid=4294967295 ses=4294967295 msg='unit=systemd-hostnamed comm="systemd" ....
>>
>>83360387
Nothing really, LaTeX does such a good job there's never been much of an alternative.

Any Markdown parsers supporting MathJax can support some inline LaTeX though, you could try writing most of your notes in markdown but with the formulas done inline
Euler's formula is remarkable: $e^{i\pi} + 1 = 0$.
>>
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how do i use this?
>>
First time installing and its faulting,i see the error but where do i fix it at?

kdenlive
qt.qpa.xcb: xcb_shm_create_segment() can't be called for size 17178820624, maximumallowed size is 4294967295
[1] 1300862 segmentation fault (core dumped) kdenlive
>>
My Arch install is coming along nicely now. Got my first pkgbuild from the AUR working which was the most obscure bit of software I needed. Everything else will be easy street now. I'm starting to love it.
>>
>>83358507
irc on emacs works pretty well too. not graphical but still nice
>>
>>83358667
Depends what you are going to run it on, but it can be sandboxed
>>
I have to give my laptop to PC assistence and I have to backup everything because they will erase the drive. Can GParted clone the ENTIRE hard drive (with all the partitions, including windows, Linux, EFI and swap) and then restore them back when I'll receive the laptop back?
>>
>>83361726
You can just "dd" the whole drive including all the useless trash data to a disk image. Could take hours THOUGH.
>>
>>83358546
Bump.
>>
Retard here with a retarded question. Can I have multiple desktop environments installed on my system? If yes, How do I decide which DE chooses the login screen and stuff? Will it fuck my shit up. Also, is it possible to install only the DEs without installing the apps that comes with them? My understanding is that each DE comes with thier own terminal, file manager etc. I don't want 3 different apps for the same thing if Iinstall 3 DEs.
(I'm trying to install try out Gnome, KDE, and xfce without having to reinstall the os 3 different times)
>>
>>83361859
Oh should also ask this, what's /fglt/ favorite DE and why?
One last question(I swear). Is it true that xfce is the most custimizable out of the three?
>>
>>83361859
Having multiple Window Managers installed is certainly possible, but I imagine all sorts of things block each other if you try full Desktop Environments, precisely because they're collections of programs.

Also /g/ in general is either running KDE, or not running DEs at all and only WMs.
>>
With browsers discontinuing W7 support this 2021 i will migrate to Linux for good.
Im using a Thinkpad T61 with a T9300 and 8GB DDR2 RAM and a 512GB SSD.
I will probably end using mint, how different is KDE and XFCE when it comes to performance and low resources? i could give less of a fuck about fancy stuff, i use the classic windows theme for example.
I will mainly use Chrome and CISCO VPN and probably MPV to play youtube playlists on the background.
>>
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What Distro could you guys recommend me on my T480 (core i5, 8G ram) ?

Mainly for coding/bash command line usage.

Ive been thinking either Manjaro or Linux MX.

How much memory should I allocate it, 4G or 3?
>>
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What do you do when you have an error that people on the internet never had, or whose solutions don't work for you?

Everyonce in a while I try to switch to gnu linux since my hate for windows is great and the sole sight of the windows settings is enough to send me into incredible rage and fury
But I always get stuck at some point.
>>
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>>83361964
>but I imagine all sorts of things block each other if you try full Desktop Environments
That's unfortunate. Guess I'll just try them one by one.
>Also /g/ in general is either running KDE...
I'll start with KDE then.
>>
>>83362013
KDE has been beating XFCE in performance for a few years now.
>>
>>83362122
I usually find that's because you try too many brand new things at once, different problems sandwich on top of each other and you lose heart by solving one error only to fly into another one.

Look up the hardware in your machine, then look up the driver support for Debian, then have a go with that. It's the most "just works" distro there is.

You can then experiment as much as you like on front end graphics to find something you like with it being mostly pre-configured for you. Don't feel you have to try and configure everything from scratch from the start.
>>
what's a good program that enables the following workflow

start program -> select region with cursor to start recording -> press hotkey or button to stop recording -> recording saved

it seems most CLI programs only let you record the entire screen or select a region by manually inputting the pixel region, not giving you an option to select a region
on windows ShareX was able to do this perfectly, really need something to replace it
i'm on Manjaro btw
>>
>>83358201
>>83358201
>>83358201
Not sure if you're still here, anon, but here's the solution to your trackpad problem:
https://forums.linuxmint.com/viewtopic.php?p=2003908#p2003908
>>
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and now trying my question again... >>83362572

Where do I even start with figuring out how to fix this. Is it even fixable at all?

What the fuck would cause this?
>>
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Retarded question, seeing that Youtube-dl likes to download stuff ecoded with Opus inside webm containers when i'm doing:
ffmpeg -i file.webm -acodec copy file.opus

Am i fucking up something? This theorically shouldn't gut quality a lot, right?
>>
Have no experience with linux. Is it worth getting into it for someone who never used it and is not in tech? Genuine quesiton.
>>
>install openshot
>open openshot
>go to preferences
>long white bar appears for 3 seconds
>crashes


ERROR main_window: Unhandled crash detected: linux-/home/user/.local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/PyQt5/Qt5/plugins/platforms/../../lib/libQt5XcbQpa.so.5 0x59726 [0x7f530f714726]

Hardware decoding device number: 0
[AVHWDeviceContext @ 0x55b64efce340] libva: vaGetDriverNameByIndex() failed with unknown libva error, driver_name = (null)
[AVHWDeviceContext @ 0x55b64efce340] Failed to initialise VAAPI connection: -1 (unknown libva error).
[h264 @ 0x55b64ec9cb80] Invalid setup for format vdpau: does not match the type of the provided device context.
[AVHWDeviceContext @ 0x55b64eebd900] Cannot open the X11 display /dev/dri/renderD128.
>>
>>83363204
If you ever plan on building computers for anyone it's worth having GNU/Linux as an OS option because some people have zero software needs. A Youtube/Facebook machine is easier and faster done with GNU/Linux.
>>
>>83363384
well, that's the thing I'm looking for mostly, media consoom, don't really care about privacy tbqh, just want something that doesn't eat my CPU alive like windows. I might need to use office suite but I guess there are ways to convert libre stuff to word or are they compatible nowadays? I'm interested in Lubuntu tbqh.
>>
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Hi, absolute Linux noob here. I installed Ubuntu 20.04 LTS on an old Laptop just to get familiar with the system, and I'm a bit confused regarding disk space. The laptop has a 500 GB drive inside. So, of course, Windows used to display it as 465 GiB. Now here comes where I'm confused "df -h" displays /dev/sda5 as 457 GiB while lsblk displays sda5 as the expected 465 GiB. It gets even more confusing with the Gnome file explorer which displays / as being 490 GB with 40,5 GB used already.

So what's the proper way to check available disk space on Linux? Every program seems to give a different answer.
>>
>>83362552
Current docs seem to indicate that ffmpeg can do this with the select_region option. The program 'slop' can be used select regions and print geometry for whatever scripts.
>>
https://streamable.com/drkjg1
how can i fix this black cursor issue with wine?
>>
>>83363477
If you're familiar with Win9X as a kid, Lubuntu should feel pretty natural for you
>>
>>83362017
If it's just for coding and bash, then do a quick and dirty arch install.
>>
If I pirate windows games is there a difference between running them through wine vs steam's proton or are they basically the same thing? I'm just wondering about performance differences between the two and if I'll be able to run higher end games
>>
Is it possible to make a system without systemd, X windows, and pulseaudio and still have a nice desktop that will play gaymes?

I'm thinking that Arch spinoff distro that uses OpenRC or Runit, then install sway and pipewire. Would my steam bullshit still work or would it break?
>>
>>83362598
It shouldn't change it at all as far as I'm aware.
But you know youtube-dl lets you download audio only if you want
>>
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Using Opensuse and I like it a lot but how do I remove this as my login screen when coming from sleep and default wallpaper!! I hate looking at it!!
>>
>>83364960
arch doesn't have this problem
>>
bros I finally switched all of my devices over to linux and want to thank everyone for not helping with a single question I ever posted so that I was forced to figure it out on my own.
>>
>>83365015
That's what we're here for
>>
What commands and tools do I need to boot Ubuntu along with ALL of its flavors?
>>
just installed arch, and I'm getting this weird diagonal screen tearing when moving around windows etc. I had the same issue on ubuntu a while ago, but I dont have the issue on endeavouros/manjaro/alpine/slackware. what is causing this? it's not a picom thing, because the screen tearing is still present in the lightdm login screen.
also I tried putting the "tearfree" option in 20-intel.conf, but then x wouldnt start
>>
>>83362598
use youtube-dl's "-x" option to extract the .opus stream
it's youtube who puts it into a webm container, youtube-dl just downloads it as-is
>>
>>83365015
>forced to figure it out on my own.
looks like we did our job correctly
>>
>>83364667
you can make a desktop system without those quite easily using gentoo
you won't be able to play proprietary games or use steam though, unless you install xwayland (X for wayland), since those all use X
no pulseaudio can be annoying as well, there's one tool i know of to emulate pulse in a basic way, but it was only designed to run firefox
>>
>>83364678
It does, but Youtube puts the opus stream it in a webm container as he says >>83365106
>>
>>83365059
What DE and what is your monitor setup?
>>
What's the difference between Siduction and just using Debian Sid?
>>
Which Newsreader are you anons using?
>>
How can i search the current directory for all files that start with numbers(up to 3 numbers max),but also not select them if there are numbers outside the first 3 characters,and then do something with them?
bash?
>>
>>83366076
In bash, the following should work.

ls | grep "^[0-9]\{3\}"
>>
>>83366076
>>83366184
Oh, you said *up to* 3 numbers. In that case you want

ls | grep "^[0-9]\{1,3\}"
>>
>>83366076
>>83366184
>>83366198
Still missing the "if there are numbers outside the first 3 characters"
Will need a negative look ahead but I'm not sure how to set it up
Something like ^[0-9]{1,3}(?![0-9])*$
however that's not working
>>
Best distro for a ThinkPad X220 with an i5 2520M? I'm looking for something with up to date packages but somehow also runs well with this CPU. The laptop has 16GB of RAM and an SSD.

The laptop currently runs Windows, looking to switch.
>>
>>83365401
One is a shitty rolling release distro, and the other is a shitty rolling release distro with no users.
>>
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>>83361859
>>83361899
Yes you can. Usually the display manager lets you choose the DE at login
About the apps. I suppose it depends on your distro. Some package the DE in 2 different package
>xfce + xfce-goodies
>plasma-meta + kde-applications
etc
Just go for the main package and then choose the apps yourself
I wouldn't recommend it tho. Just try them in a VM and then install the one you liked best
I used xfce for a long time but recently tried KDE and it works way better. They are both the most customizable. xfce is plain simple and you gotta tune it to your liking while KDE feels like a win 10 done right and still has a bunch of options which adds a bit of bloat compared to xfce
>>
>>83366076
find -regextype posix-extended -regex '\./[0-9]{1,3}[^0-9]\+ -exec dostuff
>>
>>83366235
The CPU might be shit but that's plenty of RAM and with an SSD you can run any modern distro.
If modern DEs are lagging you might want to disable composition or blur/transparancy and the likes, but other than that it should run just fine
>>
>>83366380
This is actually wrong because I copied and pasted the wrong line from my bash history but I'm not going to correct it because now I'm mad.
>>
>>83362122
I don't think I've ever had that serious an issue, on Linux at least I've never had a issue no-one has ever asked for. Anyway, I'll first look up the error message or similar if it provides one, then I'll try doing what I know (reinstalling package, checking hardware, updating system, specific package troubleshooting, etc) then I'll probably ask here. Usually, I end up fix it immediately after posting, making me feel bad for using a posting on a superfluous question.
>>
>>83363952
I assume the hard drive is formatted with ext4, it's the default linux FS, ext4 reserves 10% of a disk by default so that system processes can keep running on a full disk. df is accurate, I haven't used it but I assume gnome uses GB as opposed to GiB, there is a difference. If the question really burns you up, try df -H which presents size in powers of 1000 (as opposed to df -h which is powers of 1024)
>>
What sort of settings should I be adjusting inside Pulse Effects to reduce crackling? This is what I've got at the moment:
>Priority Type: Real Time
>Priority: 1
>Latency: ~20ms
>Crystalizer & Equalizer effects on
>>
>>83365267
openbox, although the same thing happens on xfce and i3. just using my laptop, no monitor.
>>
Very stupid question, I'm erasing Windows on my laptop and clean installing EndeavourOS. I obviously need to remove the NTFS partitions, but will removing the EFI partition break anything, or will it just recreate the partition during installation anyway? Cheers
>>
>>83367467
You don't need to do anything except select the 'erase everything' option in the partition section of the installer
>>
>>83367482
thanks
>>
Are there any tools available to brute force a password protected android tablet? I know there's android-PIN-bruteforce but I'm not sure if that will work with passwords.
>>
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Am I stuck with this giant ass annoying volume popup everytime I lower the volume by one on Ubuntu?
>>
>>83364960
In your DE settings under login
>>
hello. trying to get back into linux but i'm having a weird problem with my controller.
for some reason whenever I plug my arcadestick, it's not working sometimes. the weird thing is that it's detecting it as a xbox one controller but there's 4 other xbox 360 controllers in jstest with a pairing receiver. I don't exactly remember if I downloaded anything but it's quite annoying seeing 4 controllers plugged in when not a single controller is in. I'm assuming that's causing the input issues. any idea what else it could be or how to fix it?
>>
Any decent live USB to run on old hardware and with software to burn CDs and DVDs?
I want to burn a few CDs from an old computer
>>
>>83366997
>>83365267
>>83365059
figured it out, needed to install
xf86-video-intel
xorg-drivers

on manjaro/endeavour it must come preinstalled.
>>
>>83368288
How old is that thing? How much ram it has and what CPU?
>>
>>83368381
Athlon XP 1800 something, like 500 megs of ram
>>
>>83368508
An older version of 32bit xubuntu or lubuntu (like 12.04 or 14.04) should work just fine. They all should have a cd/dvd writing program like xfburn.
>>
>>83368558
The thign is the PC is so old im not sure if it can load from USB. Was that a thing back in the early 2000's already? otherwise i can look for some old linux cd from my brother or something
>>
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>>83368645
It was.
However some PCs from that era may have trouble booting things from USB that are not floppy images (had a few mobos from that era that did this. booted any floppy image dd-d to pendrives just fine, couldn't boot windows, gnu/linux and windows installer USBs).
However you can use the PLOP boot manager, from a real floppy or by writing it on a USB drive:
https://www.plop.at/en/bootmanager/download.html

Then use that to boot the ubuntu USB.
>>
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>>83368742
thanks dawg
>>
installing manjaro failed at installing something related to EFI, then refused to overwrite the install partition as if it's already installed.
I rebooted and I didn't have a boot choice screen.
Should I attempt to download a different install?
>>
>>83368821
forget manjaro and just install arch, it comes with an installer now (archinstall). it will be able to override your partitions
>>
>>83368508
>>83368645
that's the first gen that you should expect usb booting, though i suppose it's not gauranteed
>>
>>83358529
You're probably thinking of something like Nerd Fonts or Powerline
>>
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>always used windows since xp
>got sick of win10
>installed Manjaro KDE Plasma
>enjoyed it but got pissed that I was too dumb to make deus ex run without being choppy
>installed windows10
>seen this new screen welcoming me
>instantly realized that I had fucked up
Any suggestions on what a win retard w/ 3700x+nvidia 1060SC should try using instead of Manjaro KDE Plasma this time around?
>>
>>83368912
try Garuda, they optimize for nvidia cards.
>>
>>83361726
Put clonezilla on a usb stick and clone the entire drive.
>>
>>83368912
Ubuntu!
Or kubuntu i guess, given that you seem to like KDE
>>
>>83368887
>>83368645
oh one thing to note, machines of that era often have multiple usb booting modes, like USB-CDROM, USB-FLOPPY, USB-HDD, etc
for modern images usb-hdd will do, otherwise try usb-cdrom
nothing really uses usb-floppy anymore unless you're trying to install windows 98
>>
Is there a technical reason why a lot of linux image viewers use relative % zooming on pictures?
100% -> zoom in (+10%) = 110% -> zoom out (-10%) = 99% image size.
It's driving me nuts.
>>
>>83369007
kek, open source at its finest
>>
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>>83369007
>using anything other than irfanview
>>
>>83368912
turn off the internet or skip when prompted to connect when asked during instalation and you'll be able to skip all the spying.
but anyway, Ubuntu or PopOS are probably your best bet.
>>
>>83365038
sudo apt install kde xfce4 mate-desktop-environment lxqt
>>
>>83369269
>Operating system: Microsoft Windows
>License: Proprietary, free for non-commercial use
Hard pass.
>>
>>83358908
>Would unchecking "Install recommended packages" leave the system without too much shit that might end up being necessary?

Iirc you could disable KDE Plasma Applications before installing which will make your install smaller. However, you won't have Konsole installed.
>>
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Debian { Arch is the ultimate redpill.
>>
>>83360387
Just use a giant plain text document. I typically use a new one every month. It's easy to search and just works on every thing with no extra software needed.
>>
How do I forward input to output all at once rather than line by line?
Basically instead of this:
$ cat
foo
foo
bar
bar
^D
$
I want this:
$ dog
foo
bar
^D
foo
bar
$

I used sort for that because I didn't care about ordering in a particular scenario I had right now, but I'd like to know a general solution.
>>
>>83370965
sponge from moreutils does this
https://joeyh.name/code/moreutils/
your distro may have it packaged
>>
>>83370965
A simple way would be to write everything into a temp file, and print it out at the end.
>>
>>83370965
You could try "cat << EOF"
I guess it also works with ^D but it normally expects you to terminate the input by writing EOF on the last line.
>>
>>83358441
Hi all, what's the best Linux distro for someone who's a gamer and a power user?
>>
>>83371122
what kind of power?
>>
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okay lads, how THE FUCK do I turn off IPv6 resolving on my system
I tried everything even down to disabling ipv6 in /sys/ parameters and it still sends AAAA dns request that is for some reason unanswered and I have to wait for 5 seconds for resolving to complete
>>
>>83358441
What's the best irc client for GNU/Linux?
>>
>>83371264
Probably weechat
>>
>>83371354
Looks nice, thanks anon.
>>
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>1 out of 1 hunk FAILED -- saving rejects to file arch/x86/Makefile.rej
>>
>>83366076
halp
>>
>>83371136
Customising everything the way I like.
>>
>>83372161
Garuda, KDE edition
>>
>>83358441
Can someone help me understand yml syntax?
I'm trying to configure a program but I don't understand how arguments are passed.
My current understanding:
shell:
program: /usr/bin/env
args:
- zsh
- -c
- while [[ $- == *i* ]] ;
- do
- etc.......
>>
Is it possible to make an arch installation iso with: 1)all the neccessary packages that arch downloads during installation
2) and some other packages that i want to have preinstalled (like DE, and whatnot)?
If yes, how? eli5 or link to a wiki that eli5.
To be clear, what I'm trying to do is create an installation media from a computer that have internet connection, and install it on a computer that doesn't have internet connection.
>>
>>83372643
https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Offline_installation
https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/Pacman/Tips_and_tricks#Installing_packages_from_a_CD/DVD_or_USB_stick
you need to bundle the packages you want to another usb, then mount it during the install process
>>
>>83372643
Why would you run a rolling release distro on a machine without internet access?

Also, Arch doesn't support partial upgrades, which you'd effectively have to end up doing, which leads to it breaking down all that much faster if you try to manually manage the packages.

If you want an offline machine, try Debian and burn those full big DVD ISOs.
>>
manjaro is fun
>>
>>83372740
>you need to bundle the packages you want to another usb, then mount it during the install process
That seems easy enough for me. I did stumble upon those wikis but thought I'd also ask here just to make sure I'm this is the correct approch.
>>83372757
The systems themselves won't be forever disconnected from the internet. Here's my situation. I have 7 different systems(including 1 of mine) that I want to install arch on. But I'm on a metered connection. So i'm looking for a way to download the core files, DE and some other packages just once and install it on all the systems. The owners of these laptops all have proper internet connection so they can & will update their system properly. Downloading an installing arch 7 times is harder and longer for me than downloading once and installing it 7 times.
>If you want an offline machine, try Debian and burn those full big DVD ISOs.
It did occur to me but I've never used Debian itself(I've used ubuntu though) and a quick research suggests that ultra stablilty = outdated reposiory. Is there any truth in that? Gayming must be horribly hard on debian right?
>>
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Why did GDM use a NeXT style interface in the past?
Was this just a Debian thing?
>>
>>83373072
Debian 11 came out just a month ago, it'll be a while until it's noticeably out of date. I don't get where this meme comes from, I game on Debian just fine. Worst comes to the worst, you manually update your graphics card driver once a year if you desperately care about that 1% performance.

In exchange for which you get a system that's more lightweight than the equivalent in Arch and guaranteed to not have compatibility issues.
>>
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>>83373146
You know what, fuck it, I'm gonna try Debian right now. If Ilike it, great. If I don't then I'll stck to Arch. Thanks anon, for finally pushing me from the ledge
>>
>>83372757
>which you'd effectively have to end up doing
why? you can do a full upgrade without a direct internet connection, just;
1. download the package lists from a mirror, transfer it to the target machine
2. run an update to find out which packages need updating
3. download those packages and transfer it to the targets' package cache
4. run the updates through as normal
>>
>>83358441
Gonna install Gentoo on this old laptop of mine. Wish me luck.
>>
>>83358441
What distro or DE or VM is that?

It looks a bit like improved DSL.
>>
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>>83373474
That's Window Maker
>>
I'm just lost at this point. Does anyone understand yaml?
shell:
program: /usr/bin/env
args:
- -S #--split-string=
- zsh
- --login
- -i
- -c
- |
if [[ $- == *i* ]] ;
then
do
for i in 'zsh' 'tmux' ;
do
command -v "$i" > "/dev/null" && \
pgrep --inverse --exact 'tmux' > "/dev/null" && \
tmux new -ds 'delete-me' && \
tmux run-shell "$HOME/.tmux/plugins/tmux-resurrect/scripts/restore.sh" && \
tmux kill-session -t 'delete-me' && \
tmux attach || \
tmux attach ;
done ;
done ;
else
printf 'ERROR' ;
fi
>>
>>83373926
What the hell are you doing that requires you to write shell script in yaml? I've never heard of this.

YAML is just json with more formatting, even if you're learning Ansible, that's the wrong way to go about it.
>>
>>83363952
don't use ubuntu
>>
I setup full disk encryption so it asks me for the encryption password when I boot, then it asks me for my username and userpassword. Is there a way to make it auto log me in as my user, and is there any reason not to?
>>
>>83373926
lol
>>
>>83374010
That's your login manager's job if you even have one. Check your desktop settings.
>>
>>83374046
i just boot into tty, should have mentioned that
>>
>>83373964
I'm trying to configure alacrity to run a script on startup. Something that I would normally keep in my bashrc or zshrc but I only want this to affect alacritty.
I just don't understand how to pass arguments correctly.
Legitimately seeking help here. Not trying to get people to do my work for me, I've just been hitting a brick wall and can't seem to progress.
>>
>>83374066
Look up mingetty and how to use it, there's instructions on how to do configure it manually, but it's not something you want to break.
>>
>>83366787
Enabling software effects isn't going to reduce cracking. In all likelihood your sound drivers are broken. Try pipewire or a different distro with a newer kernel.
>>
my 64gb usb drive from aliexpress just got here
what is the best way to test if its really 64gb or if i got chinked? dd?
>>
>>83374066
Then check the Arch wiki for the magic getty config incantation you need.
>>
>>83374150
Why not write the script itself in alacritty_only.sh and just try to call that?

Or, just copy your existing shell rc to a backup file, then place your script in there as long as you are running Alacrity. Then if you decide you don't like it, just mv that backup over the top. Can't say I understand all the tmux stuff you're trying to do in the first place.
>>
>>83374337
That just sounds like a cop out for not learning how to write yaml properly, which is my goal here.
>>
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Picking my first distro for desktop (I have good enough experience with Linux servers through hosting things on VPS).
Should I, as a somewhat beginner, try my hands on a non-systemd distro? I'm looking at Devuan rather than Debian. Artix if I feel adventurous, but probably not.
I don't feel like I need a beginner friendly distro, I think I can figure things out if need be.
>>
>>83374413
Trick there is that what you're trying to do has nothing to do with yaml itself, but how Alacrity manages it's config.
>>
lightweight distros for general use? media, piracy, etc. on weak stinkpads like t440 and x230? pls helps
>>
>>83375660
any customizable distro with a light DE (xfce, lxde, mate etc) or a simple WM setup. Debian, Ubuntu, openSuse, Arch, /g/entoo, CentOS (or Alma Linux), Alpine, Slackware etc.
You can also try BSDs.
>>
>>83376062
thank you senpai.
>>
>>83372521
-c accepts a single argument, you need to pass your script as one element. you can use multiline strings if you want
- zsh
- -c
- |
while [[ $- == *i* ]] ; do
...
done
>>
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>>83358441
How can I decrypt 3 of my drives upon login, anons? Is there also a way to do all of them with one single password?

If any more information is required to proceed, please ask.
Thank you for reading.
>>
Why should I install Arch over Artix?
>>
>>83378245
You shouldn't
>>
>>83378270
Okay.
>>
One of my drives/mount is constantly being remounted for some reason.
I took it offline and ran smart with no issues.
Its remounting in rapid succession and going about using file managers it dosent show any halt or noticiable issue that would make me look for signs of drive failure
>>
I tried asking this on askubuntu and some dickhead mod edited my thread for formatting and nobody answered my question.
Anyways here is my question.
I want to connect my phone to the computer and I tried
sudo jmtpfs –o allow_other/media/mtp

and I got the following error
Device 0 (VID=2d95 and PID=6002) is a Vivo V11.

PTP_ERROR_IO: failed to open session, trying again after resetting USB interface
LIBMTP libusb: Attempt to reset device
LIBMTP PANIC: failed to open session on second attempt
terminate called after throwing an instance of 'MtpErrorCantOpenDevice'
what(): Can't open device

I'm using kubuntu 21.04
>>
>>83374066
Consult your init system, getties have an --autologin option.
>>
>>83378328
>here is my question
>states an error
Oh well, never heard of jmtpfs before, but I'm building it now
>>
>>83378279
Does anyone have any tips on how to reduce battery usage on artix?
>>
>>83378328
got a slightly different message, after sorting out a bunch of other errors
# jmtpfs -o allow_other /media/mtp
Device 0 (VID=04e8 and PID=6860) is a Samsung Galaxy models (MTP).
PTP_ERROR_IO: failed to open session, trying again after resetting USB interface
LIBMTP libusb: Attempt to reset device
inep: usb_get_endpoint_status(): No such device
outep: usb_get_endpoint_status(): No such device
libusb_open() failed!: No such device
LIBMTP PANIC: Could not init USB on second attempt
terminate called after throwing an instance of 'MtpErrorCantOpenDevice'
what(): Can't open device
Aborted
>>
>>83378624
verifying that it's set to file transfer over usb (and dedicated attachment via virtualbox)
 # jmtpfs -o allow_other /media/mtp
Device 0 (VID=04e8 and PID=6860) is a Samsung Galaxy models (MTP).
LIBMTP PANIC: could not inspect object property description 0xb901!
fuse: bad mount point `/media/mtp': Input/output error
# ls -l /media/mtp
ls: cannot access '/media/mtp': Input/output error
# umount /media/mtp
# jmtpfs -o allow_other /media/mtp
Device 0 (VID=04e8 and PID=6860) is a Samsung Galaxy models (MTP).
# ls /media/mtp
Phone
# ls /media/mtp/Phone/
Alarms Audiobooks DCIM Documents Movies NIK Pictures Ringtones Sounds
Android AvvikAppen Devinco Download Music Notifications Podcasts Samsung temp

it works, but it's just finnicky
>>
>>83358441
bros how do I make this open tab panel button longer so it includes the more text
>>
>>83378811
I want it to be more like pic rel
>>
>>83378739
so how did you make it work?
Thank you btw
>>
>>83378885
first it asked for permissions, but was disconnected when I allowed it, so I set the connection to automatically reappear in virtualbox. If you're running a physical machine that won't be an issue for you. Then it complained about fuse missing, so I did
 modprobe fuse 
. Still didn't work so I checked that the phone was in the usb file sharing mode, but still didn't work. So I unplugged and replugged, ran the command to mount fuse, got the io error, and the rest you can see in my post. Works veeery slowly, but that may be due to me doing a bunch of other crazy shit, like swap and tmp on an external drive on the same usb controller
>>
ok, so I managed to fuck linux up with the swap nonsense. I put a swapfile on an external drive, and it lost connection. I did
# sync
# swapoff /mnt/usbdrive/swapfile
swapoff: /mnt/usbdrive/swapfile: swapoff failed: Invalid argument
# echo 3 >/proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
# umount -l /mnt/usbdrive

which worked earlier today when it fouled up. Except this time I can't make it forget the swap I allocated from before. I can mount it again and swapon, but it's called /dev/sdc2 now, instead of /dev/sdb2, so I can't fool it unless I rename the device. Is that even possible?
>>
>>83374465
>non-systemd
For openrc and sysv there are no service management since everything forks to the background and you have to configure logging individually for everything. This can be good or bad, up to you to decide.
>>
>>83378216
I have a script with a key file for opening my plain encrypted partitions.
>>
>>83379383
Use the filesystem UUID for mounting your /mnt/usbdrive/.
>>
>>83379530
Could you please provide me the script?
>>
>>83379589
Do you want to mount it with a script? Make a fstab entry instead.
>>
>>83379611
I'm not fully understanding the process, I believe.
Do you have a script to mount them, and also a keyfile in a USB/unencrypted drive/boot drive?
Or is it just done via having entries in fstab and having a key stored locally?
Sorry for the confusion.
>>
>>83379641
Is there something wrong with using fstab in this case? Is the drive encrypted?
>>
>>83379683
Yes, and maybe. Not really sure if fstab can be used to achieve what I want. Please refer to my original post: >>83378216
>>
>>83379579
thanks, that should make it more reliable. also, i'm a bit retarded, so I tried
# cat /proc/swaps
Filename Type Size Used Priority
/swapfile file 19292156 0 -1
# echo > /proc/swaps
-su: echo: write error: Input/output error

because
# free -h
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 10Gi 124Mi 10Gi 0.0Ki 86Mi 10Gi
Swap: 18Gi 0B 18Gi
# swapon /mnt/usbdrive/swapfile
# free -h
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 10Gi 138Mi 10Gi 0.0Ki 86Mi 10Gi
Swap: 36Gi 0B 36Gi
# swapoff -a
# free -h
total used free shared buff/cache available
Mem: 10Gi 124Mi 10Gi 0.0Ki 86Mi 10Gi
Swap: 18Gi 0B 18Gi

the last time this happened, I managed to trick it by mounting it again, then doing swapoff afterwards to unjigger it
>>
>>83378328
Use ADB or Syncthing instead. MTP is very poorly standardized.
>>
# dmesg |tail -n 1
[173133.026137] udevd[2922]: NAME="sdb" ignored, kernel device nodes can not be renamed; please fix it in /etc/udev/rules.d/00-unfuck-usbswap.rules:1
# cat /etc/udev/rules.d/00-unfuck-usbswap.rules
KERNEL=="sd?", ATTRS{vendor}=="StoreJet", NAME="sdb"

ah well, was worth a shot
>>
>>83378828
what theme is this?
>>
>>83378216
On login or on boot? On boot you just have to create crypttab entries for the drives and add key files for them to your boot drive. See cryptsetup(8) and crypttab(5) On login requires you to understand your distro's login behavior.
>>
>>83380283
Any will do, really.

>On login requires you to understand your distro's login behavior.
To Gentoo's wiki I go, then.

>On boot you just have to create crypttab entries for the drives and add key files for them to your boot drive. See cryptsetup(8) and crypttab(5)
I'll try this out first, then. Thank you very mych, anon!
>>
# ln -s /dev/sdd2 /dev/sdb2
# umount /dev/sdd2
# mount /dev/sdb2 /mnt/usbdrive/
# swapoff /mnt/usbdrive/swapfile
swapoff: /mnt/usbdrive/swapfile: swapoff failed: Invalid argument

that absolute nigger
fug, guess i've got to reboot the virtual machine
>>
Good morning everybody, I hope your Wednsday will be amazing.

So two questions
2)do certain emojis just not show up in libreoffice? im trying to paste the 100 emoji into a document and it just gives me a blank character
1)how do i make it so tht the power button has to be held down for a few seconds before the shutdown dialogue appears? my laptop has one of those soft press power buttons, super annoying. on kde.
>>
>>83364971
it does actually, just installed arch over the weekend.
this is the default on kde.
>>
Why does tmux fucks with colors, powerline, etc? Isn't it harder for them to make it work this way than to just pass those sequences from the controlled process to the terminal?
>>
>>83378328
if you have root you can run an ssh server right on your phone (there's magisk module which i used to use or you can set up an autostart in termux)
or a phone-centric approach would be to use a file manager such as https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=pl.solidexplorer2 (paid but i've used it for years, maybe there are better alternatives now) which supports sftp and a few other protocols
>>
>>83358441
I just came to say that I am moving from Firefox to Brave. I have configured the about:config exactly as people say. I have a fuckload of add-ons (ublock origin, clearurls, decentraleyes, and canavsblocker just to name a few) that should cover everything. Despite this, my OS being Linux STILL shows up on the fingerprint, and now the browser is slow as hell.
I am done. I may have the patience to install Arch, but I don't have the patience for this.
>>
>>83381016
>no mention of user agent
https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/uaswitcher/
>>
>>83381016
my vuejs app wouldn't work on firefox
The absolute state
>>
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>>83358441
daily reminder

systemD is for faggot alphabet agency cattle
>:(

sysVinit CHADS stay strong and comfy, you superior alpha males you
>>
>>83381076
Very well then. I will stay, for now.
>>
>>83358546
shut the fuck up literal faggot
>>
>>83381076
i use your mom's agent
that agent being: her vagina
by which I mean: I have sex with your mom (mother)
>>
Apologies for the skoomabrain question, but does chipset factor in for virtualizing Windows?
Have been on an x99 build, planned to upgrade to x299 because it's compatible with the same install, but expensive.
Figured I should just get a distro, figure it out and throw this install in a VM.
>>
>>83381614
virtualization is relative.
>>
>>83381669
So more of less none of that matters
Somewhat uncharted territory and just recently ditched the idea of getting "the best hardware possible" for some x299 build compatible with W7
Suppose then I'll just hit up /pcbg/ when the time comes to make the move, then
>>
>>83381669
my dick is relative
and by relative I mean, in your relative (mom)
by which I mean: I have sex with your mom (mother)
>>
>>83358441
Newest arch kernel broke my ethernet, how do I downgrade to previous kernel?
>>
>>83382277
Do you have any other kernel installed on the system? This is why I keep the LTS kernel installed as well
>>
>>83382277
you can't downgrade
>>
>>83382353
I didn't, so..... I have to reinstall and this time have LTS for backup? That's ass
>>
>>83382353
>>83382398
I'm on endevouros, is there a preinstalled tool that can help?
>>
>>83382398
No, you can luckily downgrade the package as there is a cache:
>https://wiki.archlinux.org/title/downgrading_packages
Next time make sure you have the LTS kernel installed and configure GRUB so you can easily boot into it.
>>
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friendly reminder not using systemd isn't hiding your child porn
>>
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>>83382440
I preinstalled my DICK into your mom (mother)
>>
>>83382545
any code you can not be reasonably certain was written in good libertarian faith and for good practical reasons by non-pajeets is code you should reject. SystemD shits on a billion years of the soul of linux and of the very idea of being sure of your security. kys
>>
>>83382566
>good libertarian faith
AHAHAHAHA THE PARTY OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHERS HOW EMBARRASSING
>>
>>83382566
the reason systemd is bad is because it can sometimes break things that don't have to do with your init system if you don't use it, not because of the possibility that its coded by someone who has politics you don't like. take your chemical castration pills so you don't jack off to more cp
>>
>>83381016
If you let someone run JavaScript on your PC, they can tell what OS / GPU driver you're using with Canvas fuckery very easily. UserAgent is just a hint as to whether you prefer a desktop or mobile page view.

Brave uses closed source components and is deliberately misleading about it. They're running the same protection racket as AdBlockPlus but with extra user surveillance. Just make a new Firefox profile with only uBlock and accept that the modern web is designed by ad companies to take your freedom away. Use tor or i2p if you don't like it.
>>
>>83382460
Looks like it didn't cache the previous kernel. Damn.... Well I guess I'll do it right this time, luckily this is a fresh install
>>
>>83382578
>>83382619
libertarian as in liberty, as in the opposite of "trust us, goy." I want code compartmentalisation so that people are checking it, not million-line bloatware that is easy for alphabets to slip vulnerabilities into.

english is not my first language and I am clearly autistic.

nevertheless my point stands, I am able to secure better than most of you and I'm not even "up to" anything I just don't want to be part of the botnet(s)
>>
>>83382762
>just can't help but use "goy" as he pretends not to defend his /pol/itical party
>>
It's super annoying that alt tabbing includes every single chrome tab
How do i alt tab and only get the browser window?
Using KDE
>>
Old netbook user here, need a userfriendly Linux distro. Already use Xubuntu, should back to It again? Main use Will be programming and browsing.
Netbook is an Acer Aspire V5-122P-0408, with AMD A4-1250 1.0GHz, 4 GB and HD.
>>
>>83382828
Forget to say, Im thinking about Zorin OS, maybe the lite version. Should I Go for It?
>>
>>83382632
I am well aware of the javascript situation, but I do not want to go so far as disabling it or going to Tor.
I have installed chameleon and have been generally successful in generating a randomized fingerprint for nearly everything save for a few constants that I am working on.
Is it really true anon? Is this really all just a meme?
>>
>>83382792
kys retard
>>
>>83382891
I'll disable your mom with TOR
and by TOR I mean my dick
by which I mean: I'll have sex with your mom (mother)
>>
not sure where to share that,
https://fsfe.org/news/2021/news-20210805-01.en.html

>Dutch authority enforces Router Freedom
05 August 2021
>The Dutch Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has published new rules that will move Router Freedom forward in the Netherlands. Within 6 months ISPs have to comply and offer the option for consumers and companies to connect a modem or router of their own choice. The FSFE acknowledges this decision as a major win for consumer rights.
>>
>>83382891
Google and Faceberg are always going to be years ahead of hobbyists in the fingerprinting game.
>>
>>83383552
based regulations save online freedoms once again. what's that about how we need more lolbertarianism?
>>
>>83383751
True, regulations often help.
>>
>>83383751
regulations are often subject oriented

regulations telling companies to do/not do shit is usually bad for the company and good for the consumer
regulations preventing the user from doing something, or mandating something else, are usually bad for the user and good for the company
>>
>>83383828
and corporate lobbying ensures the former and prevents the latter. what's that about how muh ebil gubmint needs to stop telling corporations what to do?
>>
>>83383921
*ensures the latter and prevents the former
>>
>>83383921
never claimed to be pro-corporation
libertarians aren't pro-corporation
they're pro-get-the-fuck-out-of-my-way
>>
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>>83383990
>libertarians aren't pro-corporation
the abject delusion
>they're pro-get-the-fuck-out-of-my-way
*pro get-out-of-child-slavers-ways
>>
>>83384008
ok statist
you can feel free to choose between getting fucked in the butt by either the government or a corporation
they're both authoritarians anyways, there's no difference.
corporations are just meta-governments.
>>
>>83384021
and what is stopping corporations from fucking your ass without the state? you admit yourself corps are just meta-governments so no state would just mean the most powerful corporation assumes total state power pedos are such retards jesus christ
>>
>>83384051
my firearm, the firearm of my neighbors, and everyone else I know
don't tell me you gave yours up lmao we got a man emergency over here
>>
>>83384051
you'd also just play the various powers against each other instead of falling for their psyop every single time like a fucking tool
>>
>>83384071
muh ebil gubmint created the second amendment and enforcement of muh ebil government law are what assure you can keep them
>>
>>83384100
laws aren't the source of your rights.
violence is.
guess why niggers always get what they want?
because they chimp out every couple of years.
a riot in may keeps the government at bay
>>
>>83384122
>laws aren't the source of your rights. violence is.
ok. so the meta-government corporation you want in power in your retard imaginaryland could also send a mctank to your house to take your guns just like the government could
>guess why niggers always get what they want?
what the fuck are you talking about? you revealing your layers upon layers of /pol/ schizophrenia isn't proving anything
>>
>>83384152
tell that to afghanistan pussy
>>
>>83384156
do pedos really think you can tell things to patches of land
>>
>>83384216
lmao schizo ran out of arguments needs to say dumb shit to save face
i'm out of here hhhhh already won
dont @ me loser
>>
>>83384227
you didn't make an argument. you didn't even coherently respond to what i said. your schizophrenic political ideology has left you unable to coherently argue for it so you've resorted to crying about niggers like every butthurt /pol/yp
>>
Linux newfag here messing around with Mint and still getting the hang of things. I know that AMD graphics drivers are built into the kernel and you don't need to worry about it, but where am I supposed to go to configure my graphics options. Global settings/overrides, scaling options, contrast/brightness/color, etc. On windows I'd go to cataylist, but I'm unable to find any equivalent.
>>
>>83374198
you can't just write 64G of zeros to it and say it's good, what you need to do is write 64G of known unique information, then read and verify the whole thing back, to know it actually stored the entire file at once
the simplest way to do this without actually having a 64G random file to compare with, is to generate a checksum of the data you write as you write it, then compare the data on the disk with that checksum afterwards
https://github.com/c0xc/CapacityTester
>>
can you make calligra look more like libreoffice or traditional ms office? i want a qt office suite to use with lxqt but the horizontal toolbar/sidebar setup is just obnoxious.
>>
what is a dev/loop1 2 ..12?
I have different dev/loops and they each have different file sizes.
>>
>>83384353
>>83374198
this one looks a bit more professional
https://fight-flash-fraud.readthedocs.io/en/latest/introduction.html
>>
>>83384373
loopback filesystems store in a file.
you are probably using snaps, they install by mounting a compressed file that contains the already configured application.
>>
>>83379383
reboot, unless you know there was nothing on the swap device when it was lost, you lost some of your memory, which could cause all kind of issues
>>
I'm screwing with i3 on endeavourOS in a vm to learn a tiling WM. I think I am starting to get the hang of it, but before I can call this usable, I have a few Q's

I am trying to move windows to different workspaces. I mod+w to open my browser. Then mod+shift+5 to move it to a new workspace, workspace 5, right?
Well endeavourOS seems to have these non-numbered workspaces, one for terms, one for browsers, one for file exploreres and one for chat.
Moving a terminal out of the terminal worksapce doesnt seem to work. If I mod+shift+6 it, nothing will show up on 6. Similarly, I have no idea how to get back to the terminal workpace if I move to a different one, or any of these non-numbered ones. I can only get back to them by opening a new version of whatever their program is. So to see my terminal worksapce again, I need to mod+enter and then close the new one. Its annoying as fuck but this is my biggest problem with tiling so far.
Might just be an endeavourOS configuration quirk, idk.
>>
>>83384258
> t. butthurt nonwhite
faggot opinion disregarded
>>
is an i5-6500 fast enough for an encrypted /home?
>>
>>83384614
and the pedo continues to cry about niggers because he could no longer defend his child slaver ideology. sad
>>
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>>83384639
Actually I'm someone else. I don't know or care what you two are talking about and I'm not going to check. But scrolling, I saw this >>83384258:
> schizophrenic political ideology
> resorted to crying about niggers
> butthurt /pol/yp
at which point I knew you were a faggot with a cock up your ass literally right now as I type this sentence.

u. fag

t. white redpilled anon (me)

:)
>>
>>83384373
Elaborating on what >>83384425 said, in Linux you can create a filesystem within a file (instead of a physical drive)
For instance;
fdisk /dev/sdb #make a partition
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt

This creates a partition on your /dev/sdb device, formats it to ext4, then mounts it on /mnt
But you can replace /dev/sdb with a file:
touch myVirtualDisk
dd if=/dev/zero of=myVirtualDisk bs=1m count=4096 #puts 4GB worth of zeros in the file, this makes it a 4GB virtual disk
fdisk myVirtualDisk #create a partition
mkfs.ext4 myVirtualDisk
mount myVirtualDisk /mnt #this creates a loop device which is used to mount the file and mounts it on /mnt
df -h #now look at the /dev/loopX device being mounted on /mnt

As you can see, when you mount the file myVirtualDisk, a /dev/loop device is automatically created which is essentially a virtual device that points to your myVirtualDisk file
>>
>>83384725
so you're just butthurt i insulted muh stupid edgelord baby forum cause you're obviously a crossposter? you're even more embarrassing than him then and everything i said still applies to you
>>
>>83384748
it's better to use fallocate and exfat is a better option due to lack of logging.
>>
/g/oys, what are the best practices for maintaining your iptables/nftables rulesets? >>83384792
>>
>>83384828
not him but you can selectively disable journaling in ext4, i do this for my ramdisk /tmp
 RUN+="/usr/bin/mkfs.ext4 -O^has_journal -b4k -L $name $env{DEVNAME}"
>>
>>83385132
Now that exfat is in the kernel it is objectively the best choice for loopback filesystems.
>>
>>83385220
why?
>>
>>83385242
maximal limits with minimal overheads.
have a distributed filesystem/object store and want to carve out 2GB~256TB of storage space with minimal impact?
exfat.
>>
>>83385263
is it even journaled? exFAT is something you want for your flashdrive, not an actual FS
>>
>>83384828
>exfat is a better option due to lack of logging
You don't understand what logging does. The backing filesystem can't provide metadata integrity for a completely different filesystem inside a file. ext4 can run without a journal as well and has fewer restrictions than exFAT. I don't know why people keep trying to find uses for this obsolete rent seeking project.
>>
>>83384768
lmao seething nonwhite NPCs never change
>>
>>83385425
>NPCs
ok i take it back you're not a /pol/ crossposter you probably just look at their old memes on ifunny with the other 12 year olds
>>
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>>83385443
das some A-grade seethe my man
>>
>>83385345
I do understand logging, you're just retarded.
Chasing metadata integrity on a loopback file is stupid for quite a few reasons, that's why you DON'T want logging on a loopback file, especially now that the real linux file system, xfs, has reflink.
ext4 is fucking stupid, and you're only mad because you're a commie who's afraid of good ol American owned technology.
>>
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I'm trying to run a console program as another user but when I do it anything I type into the program is not read by it
I have a script start_program.sh
#!/bin/bash
sudo -i -u otheruser /bin/bash << EOF
cd ~/program
./run -port 8876
exit
EOF

with this script the program gets executed as otheruser like I want but while the shell(?) is opened(?) and the program is running it won't accept any input I type into it, doing CTRL + C closes the program instantly.
With this other script however
#!/bin/bash
su -l otheruser -c 'cd ~/program && ./run -port 8876'

with this script the program gets executed as otheruser like I want while also accepting my inputs but doing CTRL + C closes the shell itself and the program keeps running. How do I do this properly so CTRL + C closes the program and then the shell and the program receives my inputs while open?
>>
i'm trying to use ripgrep to find all the files containing 'shitpost'

rg 'shitpost'
is pretty simple. however, the output isn't particularly useful. i'd like to be able to select one of those documents and open it up.

when i use
rg 'shitpost' | vim
it simply pastes the results into vim, but doesn't open any of those files.

i had the bright idea of using
rg 'shitpost | vim $(fzf)
but the output is like so:

notes/file.md:stop shitposting!
notes/file2.md:continue shitposting?

but these aren't appropriate inputs for vim...is there a way I can rg 'shitpost' and have the output only include the file name?
>>
>>83385550
it's rg 'shitpost' . | fzf | vim
>>
why is making a disc image always considered better for backups than just copypasting the contents of the drive? is it faster or something?
>>
>>83385550
nevermind, was wrong as fuck because the output isn't what i thought
>>
>>83385550
nemo has a feature to search file contents instead of names
>>
>>83385550
https://github.com/junegunn/fzf/wiki/examples#opening-files
>>
>>83385550
>is there a way I can rg 'shitpost' and have the output only include the file name
read the manual n*gger
>>
>sshfs doesn't work in WSL

winbros......
>>
speaking of which, why the fuck does windows like ONLY support ntfs and fat? would it kill them to just put the drivers for any other fs in an update or something? are they getting some kind of cash kickback for enforcing the two?
>>
>>83385698
based, thanks

turns out i just need to add -l and it works

rg -l 'shitpost' | vim $(fzf)


if anyone cares
>>
>>83385737
it should work in wsl2 according to www.google.com
>>
>>83385822
>using sequels
>>
>>83385804
>are they getting some kind of cash kickback for enforcing the two?
Yeah, they tried to license those out but got shut down by reverse engineering, and then came up with exFAT, which was patent encumbered and slightly more successful. Windows also supports UFS, but nobody gives a shit.
>>
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Any C++ graphics framework that allows cross-platform development but doesn't have as shit documentation as pic related?
>>
Any program that can deal with rar files, without using the nonfree unrar? The archive I’m trying to extract isn’t compatible with unrar-free or fails to extract certain files using unar
>>
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>>83385847
I use your mom's sequel
by which I mean: her vagina
by which I mean I have sex with your mom (mother)
>>
need help. I installed bunsenlabs on my old stinkpad and want to know how in the fuck can I add programs like a torrent program on it? I'm a noob when it comes to linux, it works way faster than I imagined and for once, my laptop is silent and not cooking eggs. I've searched the internet but didn't understand much, is there a repo on this thing?
>>
>>83387696
it's based on debian so package management should be the same as there
try these terminal commands:
>apt search torrent
(list packages whose name or description contains "torrent")
>sudo apt install qbittorrent
(install the package named "qbittorrent")
>>
>>83387751
thank you so much. I really have to learn how to use the terminal.



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