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Discuss data hoarding and other home server projects

previous threads
>>79622143
>>79589887
>>79554273
>>79505642
>>79478551
>>79428398

READ THE WIKI!
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/wiki/Home_server

HELP BY CONTRIBUTING!
Pages that need more work.
>Setting up your Storage
>Choosing an Operating System
>Single board computers

Nas Case Guide. Feel free to add to it.
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/wiki/Home_server/Case_guide

>IF YOU WANT PURCHASING ADVICE:
READ THE FAQS!
State your BUDGET.
List OS and software.
State storage/raid and # of disks.
List hardware features (low power draw, 10G Ethernet, etc)

>Why should I have a homeserver?
/hsg/ is about learning and expanding your horizons. De-botnet your life. Learn something new. Serving applications to yourself, your family, and your frens feels good. Put your /g/ skills to good use for yourself and those close to you. Store their data with proper availability redundancy and backups and serve it back to them with a /comfy/ easy to use interface.

>How should I get started?
Most people get started with NAS. It�s nice have a /comfy/ home for all your data. Streaming your movies/shows around the house and to friends. Know all about NAS? Learn virtualization. Spun up some VMs? Learn networking by setting up a pfsense box and configuring some vlans. There's always more to learn and chances to grow. Think you�re god tier already? Setup openstack and report back.

>What do I hoard?
Movies, music, books, porn, anything and everything you like. If you are looking for things to hoard check out >>>/g/ptg they have a list of various trackers for everything under the sun.

>Why Hoard?
Things that are online today might not be online forever. It's good to have a copy of something because you never know when it might get taken down due to copyright strikes or Big Tech censorship.
>>
>>79676745
>�
Hmmmm
>>
>>79676745
Evil �s strike again.
>>
cunt
>>
>>79676786
That seems to happen when I drag the text document into the post rather than copy pasting the raw text.

I will remember that for future posts.
>>
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I've just set up Samba automount instead of SFTP on my laptop and wow, scrubbing through MKVs is much snappier now. Highly recommended, 5/5 stars.
>>
New SBC is on KS today. Very /hsg: related. kickstarter.com/projects/icewhaletech/zimaboard-single-board-server-for-creators
>>
>>79676745
>24 port switch
>5 ports used
lol
he only needs a $10 gs305
>>
>>79676930
You can find cheap rack switches used. Although I'd be very careful and avoid anything with a fan.
>>
>>79676930
>only needs a $10 gs305
Number of ports isn't the only feature a switch can have. Switches also have a forwarding bandwidth which is typically very low on unamanaged switches, especially a 5 port one. Not to mention lack of vlans, 10G support, and other more advanced features that those switches don't have.

tired of seeing this nonsense about only certain ports being used.
>>
Hello I am currently setting up a mini server on an intel atom netbook with ubuntu server 20.04. :))))
>>
>>79677003
Retard. Look at the op pic. It has a fan, and it's broken
>>79677031
Then spend $20 for a managed switch instead....
>bandwidth which is typically very low on unamanaged switches, especially a 5 port one
>unused ports magically give you extra bandwidth
retard
>10G support
Nice try anon but that switch doesn't have 10G support
>>
>>79677124
Are you some kind of a stupid person?
>>
>>79677132
Should be asking yourself that question
Retard
>>
>>79677146
No, I'm serious. Because you seem to have a hard time actually reading the posts that you are replying to.
>>
>>79677124
>Nice try anon but that switch doesn't have 10G support
It literally has SFP ports which can take 10G SFPs

>>unused ports magically give you extra bandwidth
Holy shit that is the most retarded thing I've read all day. No, unused ports don't give you more bandwidth. The specs of the switch itself do, and small 5 port switches have a lower switching capacity compared to an enterprise switch.
>>
>>79677154
You seem like you're trying to justify your purchase of a 24 port switch when you have no devices to plug in to it.
Why didn't you buy a managed switch with an appropriate number of ports for the number of devices you have? It would have cost less to buy and you wouldn't spend the same cost in electricity each year to run it.
>>79677203
>Holy shit that is the most retarded thing I've read all day
Anon you are the most retarded poster I've seen all day. I'm not saying that, you are. Spare ports do not matter you retard. It doesn't matter if a 24 port switch has 48Gbps switching capacity when only 5 ports are in use. 5 ports are in use you only have the switching capacity of 5 ports.
>>
>>79677241
>You seem like you're trying to justify your purchase of a 24 port switch when you have no devices to plug in to it.
You seem to be making up points and then trying to dunk on them.

Just to be clear: I do not own any 24-pot switches.
>>
>>79676745
i want a case with external drive bays
why the fuck are they all expensive as hell
>>
>>79677307
You mean hot-swap bays?
>>
>>79677315
yes
>>
I don't know if this is the right thread for this question but does anyone know about building an external drive from an old HDD? All tutorials I found say you need to buy an enclosure for USB and I was wondering if you could build that enclosure yourself.
>>
>>79677263
>making up points and then trying to dunk on them.
What have I made up anon?
>>
>>79677307
how much is expensive as hell. Rosewill has a 4U one you can find for under $300
>>
>>79676745
Do you need Plex Pass for server push notifications to the users? I discovered Tautulli and can see it has a notifications section. I've been trying to send test notifications to my alt Plex account on via the android app but it's not working
>>
>>79677203
>It literally has SFP ports which can take 10G SFPs

No, Dell 5324 is just SFP, not SFP+, so a 10G SFP+ tranceiver/daq will not work in that switch


Having said that, all other reasons to have a non consumer switch are valid.

More switching capacity higher forwarding rates, larger buffer sizes and way more functionality such as STP, VLANS, QOS and Routing to name just a few.
>>
>>79677453
>More switching capacity higher forwarding rates
Irrelevant when there's nothing plugged in
>>
>>79677437
Well, Plex Pass is required for webhooks but I imagine that software is using something else so probably not.
>>
>>79677479
sure, but that does not negate the other points.
I'm not the guy, but I just want to make clear that there are still cases where this switch cant be replaced with a gs305.

For example, I used to run a 6500 chassis switch with just 2 cables plugged in, looked silly, but good luck running BGP on a gs305...
>>
Are there any (ANY) cloud providers that can be trusted for:

1. not selling you out
2. setting up DNS
3. setting up static IP
4. anonymous payment
5. running a server

literally all I want to do is run a static website without risking it getting taken down or have my information sold to the glowcucks.
>>
>>79677566
>I just want clear that there are still cases where this switch cant be replaced with a gs305
Yeah, of course there are. Clearly not the case with the op pic.
1 of the 5 is going to be from the cable modem. Another one is going to the wireless router. Another to the server, and 2 other devices, probably his computer and games console or something. None of the sfp ports in use.
Sure, he could be using vlans, but he's probably not and he's not using anything else that warrants needing that switch rather than a soho managed switch
>>
is 10gb local network a meme? Looking to do raw 4k+ playback and recording.
>>
>>79677635
It's bloody expensive.
>>
>>79677579
>>79677627
Sorry, deleted original post for typo,

And yes, I agree, he probably is doing jack shit with that switch, which is shit tier anyway.

Honestly I just wanted to correct the 10G claim but give him half a win by anyway, but yeah, fuck him, a sg305 would do just fine at a lot less power.
>>
>>79677544
You're right, it doesn't. Just made a webhook for it in my throwaway discord server and the test notification worked. It even worked when I played an episode from my alt Plex account on my phone. The only thing I need is to work out why the Plex android/iOS app doesn't receive these notifications...
>>
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>>79677635
nope, no meme, 10gb to most of my stuff in my house (not just in the rack).
>>
>>79677369
>I don't know if this is the right thread for this question but does anyone know about building an external drive from an old HDD? All tutorials I found say you need to buy an enclosure for USB and I was wondering if you could build that enclosure yourself.
>>
>>79676745
using a raspberry pi and some usb to sata adapters is safe and trustable as a NAS?
>>
>>79677795
Any suggestions for some basic equipment to start out with such as switches/cards/cables?
>>
>>79678067
It's a good cheap alternative but also limited. If you know you don't need more then It's a good option.
>>
To all of my anime hoarders. Do you go back and replace all of your TV releases with BD? I have a shit load of TV releases and a limited amount of data each month so it would be a big project for me that would be split up across many months. I get that BD might be considered definitive because of changes made after the TV airing but is it still worth it to replace a 1.3gb TV episodes with 500mb BD rip for example?
>>
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>>79676745
i'm using a little gigabit 8 port unmanaged switch atm and its sufficient for my needs speed-wise but i need more ports.
is there a go-to switch i should look for on ebay (e.g. something being widely decommissioned in business environments)?

thankies
>>
>>79678290
i should mention that i have cisco training so i'm totally fine with using a managed switch.
>>
>>79678261
i have no data caps so i only hoard hard-to-find data (so no movies or anime) but i don't see why you couldn't just download one episode and compare the quality to decide if its worth it.
>>
>>79678290
you could look for some used cisco 24 port managed switches or just get a 16port netgear unmanaged
>>
>>79678117
Difficult to say, without knowing your intentions.
I started out many years ago with a simple 2bay NAS but just kept expanding.

Also depends on budget, and that's not just the "buying" budget but also maintenance/running costs (power, spare HDD's and stuff)
>>
>>79678325
A BD release doesn't necessarily look any better. I think the reason some people go back and replace their TV releases with BD is because they usually make some changes to the animation. It's usually just small stuff but the fact that it's updated makes it definitive.
>>
>>79678290
I use a HPE ProCurve J9021A (24 ports), they're about 13 years old now but they work perfectly. The webGUI is in Java and doesn't work 90% of the time but there's telnet or local serial console access to them. Mine cost me like $40 nearly 2 years ago.
>>
>>79678290
>is there a go-to switch i should look for on ebay
No. Buy a new one from amazon or whatever for less money than you would spend on enterprise scrap.
Stop buying junk and let it be recycled.
>>79678438
3/10
Too many unused ports
>>
>>79678261
>Do you go back and replace all of your TV releases with BD?
If I remember to do so. I migrated my anime library from my desktop computer to my NAS during the summer and downloaded a ton of BD releases to replace my old releases.
>>
>>79678382
i think i'll go with a j9803a instead of the j9021a since its fanless.
>>79678328
cheers
>>
>>79678438
is it next to your bed?
how loud is it?
>>
Hi
I do quest writing for /qst/. It's a nice hobby but the problem is that archival is dependent entirely on the good will of other people. There's one person who runs an archive for it, and then there are the two or so 4chan archives that support that board, that's it.
I'm a little worried that the last couple years of my writing life may disappear one day. I have local copies of these, but I was wanting to host a small (maybe offsite) VPS with the formatted archive of these quests saved and be able to link to it with a cheap/free DNS service just as a personal backup. Where would I start in doing this? I would imagine finding a VPS would be step 1, but idk where to look. Lowendbox?
>>
What is recommended for notifications?
I found Pushover and Gotify so far. Pushover seems to be pretty popular.
I will probably set it up to notify on torrent completion and maybe Grafana alerts. Where else could it be useful?
>>
>>79678817
Hetzner has some pretty cheap low-end VPS available if you just need to backup some writings and host a DNS server. I'm personally a bit cautious over the stuff on Lowendbox. A lot of them don't seem like services that you can trust to be around for a long time.
>>
>>79678755
>j9803a
>Maximum power rating 22 W
>192KWh per year
lmao
Just buy a bigger unmanaged switch, you already said you only need more ports
>>
Need help for a tech IT support interview lined up tomorrow.
Got past the HR filter, now i just need to prove myself to the IT lead.
But i know jack shit, apart from all the shit i've done ad-hoc as a hobby.

They host vps/metal servers, and deal with ipv4 leasing.
I'm comfortable with LAN, but have no idea about general WAN networking.

I know jack shit about internet wide networking apart from this one blog post
https://blog.thelifeofkenneth.com/2017/11/creating-autonomous-system-for-fun-and.html
Any books/guides/keywords to google?

>>79678817
AWS lightsail and afraid.org for a free subdomain.
You would install some boring Linux distribution like Debian and setup something like NGINX to host static files.
Then it's just editing static html files in /var/www
>>
>>79678858
Also just found Simplepush, which also seems easy to set up and use.
>>
>>79678901
Isn't that like 25€ worth of electricity per year?
>>
>>79679137
Yeah, more than he needs to spend on another unmanaged switch that will only use like 3W
>>
>>79678858
I went fully over the top and use a Matrix server on a VPS for them.
Sources of my notifications:
- new request in Ombi
- movie/episode grabbed/imported in Radarr/Sonarr
>>
>>79678755
found out that switch only allows web management so going with a cisco 3560g instead since i found one for £25 and used them before.
>>79678901
not worried about power consumption. my NAS is an old 60w cpu intel system anyway.
>>
what's a modem that isn't niggerlicious?
>>
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>>79679241
>cisco 3560g
[electricity bill intensifies]
>NAS
>60w
>his switch uses more than his NAS
There's a reason it's 25 bong, anon
>>
>>79679222
Matrix looks interesting. I have seen it mentioned a few times in the thread. Looks like it could be used for a lot of things. Do you use it for anything other than notifications? Chatting with people etc.?
>>
Any of you data hoarders know where I can get the Parler hack archive? I know one of you has it.
>>
>>79679569
Just search for it. Some idiot probably put a link on pastebin
>>
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>>79677347
Buy a $50 case, and slam however many pic related into it at $15 a throw. Set the SATA (or SAS, whatever) ports to hotswap in your firmware, like and subscribe to my blog, and donate to me on Patreon.
>>
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>>79679611
i'm using something similar. works great.
>>
>>79679328
the new 9200 series stuff seems to use 125w. it's cheap because its old but gigabit is all i'll need for many years to come.
obviously the whole system uses more than 60w, that's just the CPU. i estimate 200-250w.
>>
>>79679328
That's a lotta watts.
>>
>>79677635
It is a bit, but if you need that speed, you can do it for pretty cheap if you go second hand. If you're willing to run fibre, Mellanox clone cards are barely $40 each, 10 year-old 10Gb enterprise switches regularly turn up on ebay in the $300 region, and off-brand SFP+ transceivers can be had for as little as $20 a throw.
>>
>>79679569
>hack
Didn't they just scrape what was public?
>>
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>>79679088 (checked)
no advice for you anon but good luck, you seem like a non-retard so I'm sure you'll be fine... just research whatever they have listed in the job responsibilities and you should be fine
just be genuine, always ask for clarification if you don't understand a question they ask, if you don't know an answer or whatever just always turn it around to say something like "while I don't have experience with abc I've done something similar with xyz..." just try to minimize your autism during the interview
>>
>>79679638
I had to chop a big fat hole in the front of the zero-bay 4U mining case I bought by mistake, but since it turned out to take exactly the same drive cages as TGC rackmountable cases, I coughed up $30 on one and now have three hotswap bays. It's pretty nice, yeah.
>>
>>79679663
Anon just buy a normal unmanged switch on amazon. You can plug another 8 port into your existing switch and use both.
>i estimate 200-250w.
Why don't you get one of those watt meter plugs and find out?
My server is
>Supermicro X9SRL-F
>E5-2630 V2
>96GB DDR3 ECC (6 x 16GB)
>two HBAs
>two nvme adapters, 1tb and 250gb
>2 port ethernet adapter
>two sata ssds
>16 hard drives
and only 140W idle measured with watt meter plug
>>79679668
I know lmao
>>
>>79679569
There's a metadata release for 30M videos donk.sh/metadata.tar.gz
The rest will be dumped on the internet archive after they remove all the fun stuff.
>>79679673
They got the stuff marked as deleted too after getting to the admin panel.
>>
>>79679739
>after they remove all the fun stuff.
no point in downloading it then. I want everything.
>>
>>79679736
Oh and that is with all disks spinning all the time, APM 128 - Minimum power usage without standby
Only idiots let their disks die early by having them constantly spinning up and down
>>
>>79679318
bump
>>
>>79679779
>die early
So my drives will last 15 years instead of 10. I'm not too worried.
>>
>>79679371
With one person, yes. That guy makes use of Matrix bridges to communicate with people on multiple networks (Facebook, Telegram, Discord, etc.) from a single app. Cool stuff.
I also use it to follow Jellyfin development chat room.
>>
Has anyone reached the data limit from their ISP?

I live in an area where my only option is faggot Cox and they cap you at 1.25tb a month regardless of plan. Have you ever reached that amount in a month?
>>
>>79679779
it was free hardware and i don't pay the electricity bill anyway.
its just a little celeron desktop running samba, jellyfin, transmission-web, dlna, some r-sync jobs, etc. obviously drives don't spin down.
at idle i imagine it consumes less than your system but regardless i have no need for a system like yours.
that 3650g only pulls 60w at idle which is fine by me.
>>
>>79679739
>They got the stuff marked as deleted too after getting to the admin panel.
That's hardly "hacking" if they never made the marked as deleted stuff private.
>>
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>>79680007
>data limit
>>
>>79680007
1.25tb per month????

WTF, I normally do more then that in a single day...
>>
>>79680164
How the fuck do you manage to do that?
>>
>>79680194
In developed countries they have this thing called fiber.

I have 10Gbit up/down, and I'm usually "idling" at around 200mbit down and 700mbit up.

So that 2 ish TB down and 7.5 ish TB up every day.
>>
>>79680268
Sounds nice. I only get 1G/100M.
>>
>>79680268
What are you downloading and seeding is what I meant. I couldn't really use that much data if I tried.
>>
>>79680308
you know, the usual, linux iso's and stuff
>>
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>>79680007
>americans
>>
>>79680401
I think I've seeded about 3 TB in the last 5 days.
>>
>>79677374
Telling people I'm not retarded
>>
>>79676851
SFTP has the overhead of encryption baked in., which is totally unnecessary if you're on your lan. NFS is the same deal if you have linux clients

>>79676854
No interest in a SBC with dual nic, dual sata, pci-e, and quick sync (TRANSCOOM!)?

>>79677052
Grats anon, welcome to the club. How'd it go?

>>79677241
I have a 48 port switch and like 10 are being used. I have another $1k Cisco 28 port sitting in the corner of my office right now unused. Who cares? Power draw concerns are deeply personal depending on your location/cost/financial situation. People jumping in and screaming "BUT IT DRAWS MORE POWER" when anon didn't say anything about needing/wanting low power is so stupid. I run 600 watts in my rack, and am happy to - if you are not, that's you. It shouldn't be an automatic assumption that all /hsg/ stuff MUST be as low powered as possible. Not everyone wants to optimize for that. Some of us have cheap power, or dedicate more funds to this hobby because we want to. Thats kinda what hobbies and /hsg/ in particular is all about - you get to choose for yourself.

>>79677369
You need a sata to USB adapter, build whatever enclosure you want around that little circuit board. You might want active cooling if you want the drive to last. I have like 10 of these usb to satas from all the drives I've shucked, they are cheap and readily available anywhere.

>>79677622
No - that is one reason why we self host in our homes

>>79677635
I'm planning a 10G rollout this spring. SFP+ between NAS and VM server, and 10GBE to my office upstairs and gaymen station. I've budgeted about $1k for it.
>>
>>79677635
if it's point-to-point over a short distance (<10m) then it's set you back about $50-60 for 2x10g sfp+ cards and a dac cable. whether that's worth it to you depends on how poor you are.
>>
>>79678817
Any data you don't ever want to lose should follow the 3-2-1 rule. 3 copies, 2 different medium (could be usb stick, a different hdd, on some other computer in your house, whatever), and 1 remote. If you do this, it is extremely unlikely you will lose them. No need for a VPS - just have them on your computer, back that up to an external drive, and put them on dropbox/gdrive/whatever. Unless you want to make it accessible for others, no need for a VPS.

>>79680007
I had Comcast for a while, and yes I went over often. They just charge you $10 per so many gigs after that, with a maximum that's equivalent to their business tier (which is unlimited) - I think it capped at like $50 extra a month. Totally sucked and so glad I moved and was able to switch ISP. If Cox is your only option, you'll have to pay up for business tier if you want unlimited. Or do what some folks I know do, and download at work and sneaker net it home. Only do this if you are the IT department though.
>>
>>79677622
>Are there any (ANY) cloud providers that can be trusted for:
>1. not selling you out

No, >>>/g/sqt
>>
>>79676745
How much weight can that ikea coffee table hold?
>>
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>>79676745
I want to make a fan appreciation website for a particular japanese animation. Naturally I'd like to have the 12 episodes on the website. Should I just host the content on my pi or go with some random VPS? The goal is to not get DMCA'd. Recommendations for a vps for hosting anime?
>>
What's the go-to dd-wrt wireless router? I am lost on this part. I didn't want something pricey but it doesn't look I have much choice with cheaper stuff.
>>
Can I connect a 2.5" SAS drive to a laptop via USB / thunderbolt?
>>
>>79680929
>Max. load: 55 lb
Some have used brackets to reinforce the table so it can support more
>>
so if i configure Proxmox to use ZFS-1, do all the VMs i launch on top of it also use ZFS-1?
>>
>>79680938
Whatever shit one accepts Bitcoin.
>>
>>79680997
only if the Vms are in the zfs pool. if they are stored on an LVM block device then obviously they won't. pretty sure you need to make a Zvol on your ZFS pool to store those VMs but I could be wrong.
>>
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High speed low drag, 64gb of RAM and 14TB of disc space. Just need fucking fibre to get rolled out in my area
>>
>>79681068
What are we looking at here? Its CUTE
>>
>>79681141
Looks like a NUC.
>>
>>79681141
>>79681157
Yup intel nuc hades canyon
>>
>>79680670
>SFTP has the overhead of encryption baked in., which is totally unnecessary if you're on your lan. NFS is the same deal if you have linux clients
I have enabled encryption in Samba server, so I don't think that was the cause. On the downside, Dolphin (KDE) gets sluggish after listing files for some reason, but increased overall throughput makes it worth it anyway.
>>
145€ for a 8 TB WD My Book on Amazon.de. I wonder if I should get one to shuck.
>>
>>79681068
Please compress your image next time, thank you anon-kun.
>>
>>79681246
No
>>
Haven't been at my institution in 3 years and my account has since been deleted but the team drive is still kickin!
>>
>>79681244
Hey, I'm also thinking about getting either that or the 12 TB one (or perhaps 2 drives of same capacity). Not that big price difference, but I've seen better deals a month ago.
>>
>>79676745
Is buying a prebuilt NAS still a bad idea in 2021? Want to set up my own email server and stream plex videos.
>>
>>79681383
It's not a bad idea but you just have to realise you're paying extra for the form-factor and ease.
>>
>Is buying a prebuilt NAS still a bad idea in 2021

generally yea. they give you maybe 1-2gb of ram and a shitty Celeron for 500USD not including hard drives. Do yourself a favor and just build your own.
>>
>>79681423
Do you think that an i7-4790K would be able to handle transcoding 4K videos?
>>
>>79681445
>transcoding 4K videos
Just download 1080p
Dumb transcoomer
>>
>>79681445
an i3 with QSV can do that, depends on how many users you will be serving. when in doubt ask around in the plex/jellyfin forums
>>
>>79681467
I would just be me. Its an old CPU but a workhorse when it comes to gaming, figured it would be good in a NAS.
>>
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>>79681484
>old

check specs on ark.intel. see if it has QSV, and check this chart for the generation if it does to know what codecs it supports. any codec not directly supported means the CPU has to work harder to transcoom because it won't be using the hardware acceleration.
>>
>>79681383
Buy a raspberry pi 4
>>
>>79681343
Hi,

Thanks for letting us know. We've just rectified that for you. :)
>>
>>79681541
It's my tertiary backup. Go ahead and delete it. I'll get an ebay team drive.
>>
>>79681467
>>79681484
A 4790K doesn't need hardware acceleration to transcode 4K.

It would be more energy efficient if it had it, but it can still do it without breaking a sweat.
>>
If my CPU usage is usually around 1-3% around what percentage of it's TDP does it use?
>>
Redpill me on HDD burn-in tests. Worth it?
>>
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>>79680670
yeah it's good shit. ssh was easy, got screen working with zenbot and setup samba to view the html outputs. The hardest part was my pc eating usb sticks (me pulling them out of the port in frustration) because of a corrupt iso lol
>>
>>79676745
I have a Tripplite SmartOnline UPS hooked up to the network through an ethernet cable plugged into SNMPWEBCARDLX. How the heck do I get it to tell my computers to shut down if there's a power loss? Does it work with NUT? I can't find any information about this.
>>
>>79681068
>male
>40
>work in management
How close am i?
>>
>>79682261
Have you tried reading the instructions on their website? I'm pretty sure there is information about it. don;t expect people to spoonfeed you
>>>/g/sqt
>>
Help me justify getting a rack + rack mount vs building a NAS.
>>
>>79682210
if your hdd is going to die prematurely it's likely within the first 100 hours of use. that's one use case for it, any other claim is bullshit.
>>
>>79682432
>make my mind up for me
Fucking take control of your own life, you pussy.
>>
>>79682432
The reason you can't justify it yourself is because you're wasting money and you know it.
>>
>>79682460
I'm indecisive.
>>
>>79682422
>Hmmm, he said he searched and found no information provided by the manufacturer?
>Nah, my gut instincts tells me he must be wrong. I will tell him to fuck off!
>>
>>79682488
Correct. Everything is a waste of money. That is why I am indecisive. I have been sitting on money forever.
>>
How secure are private email servers?
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>>79681068
>WD
hope you have back-ups
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>>79682422
>there are no instructions!
>have you tried reading the instructions?
currynigger tier
>>
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>>79682505
Sitting on money is a good thing. Save as much as you can so you can buy land a build a cabin. Doing anything else makes you a retard.
>>
Can someone tell me why I would want to do this? Do you hoard just any data? or only certain files in particular?
>>
>>79682571
based
>>
>>79681068
Nice smol server. I wonder how you'll expand the storage, whether you'll keep using USB for drives or deploy some other solution. I'm sticking to unshucked drives for now.
>>
>>79682556
I have a WD Mybook that has lasted me since 2012. Still in good shape, but I'm scared that it'll fail sometime in the future.
Was considering buying another 8TB Mybook for $300 but I want to ask for advice first.
Should I go for it or consider getting a cheap NAS?
Europoor so electronics is taxed +30% so everything is expensive here.
>>
>>79682595
anything you want. it can be as simple as just storing personal files you want to access from a private cloud, or as complex as serving dozens of people backups, media streaming, and anything in between.


Home server doesn't need to be about data hoarding but most people usually get into it because they have an extensive media collection.
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>>79682640
>8TB Mybook for $300
wew
>>
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>>79682675
>>
>>79682490
>Hmm, I wonder what what this SNMPWEBCARDLX looks like
>find the OWNERS MANUAL
>read the ... INSTRUCTIONS

Took me about 4 minutes anon, you fucking retarded or just roleplaying?
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>>79682558
>Pour thousands into developing hardware for people to buy
>don't make instructions
This happens all the time, right? Things just pop into existence and nobody knows how to work it.
fuuuuckk oooooooffffff
>>
>>79682640
>europoor
Same, but right now amazon.de has them for 139€ (that's including German taxes, so final price might vary). I have had 2 of them for a year total, no issues so far. More elegant than Elements, quiet, both of mine have hellium EZAZs inside.
>>
>>79682930
Oh nice, I was only looking locally.
Thanks anon.
>>
>>79668875
>>79669428
Late response from previous thread.

As for samba question, once I configured it on my server, I went into "this pc" right click and "add network location" thats what I did to set it up on my desktop, I assumed thats how you were suppose to do it, and whenever I opened this pc if my server was down, it would halt/freeze and then loading loop on my mouse would appear.
>>
>>79682448
So, the point is to check if drive is prone to fail easily under stress, and if it fails I can return it early, right?
>>
>>79682367
Yes
Half that
Low level IT helpdesk
So not close at all desu
>>
>>79682635
My gear is split as I work abroad in a place with garbage internet, I set this basic bitch setup in the UK and every 6 months swap out the hard drive and throw everything new I've been torrenting into a Helios64 Nas, nothings corrupted so far and I've built up a collection I'll likely never get through but it's stealing from Hollywood Jews and is a hobby of sorts I guess
>>
>>79682556
I actually popped several terrabytes by accident a year or so ago, the old using the wrong sata power supply cables in a different PSU which nobody had ever told me they work differently but have the same fucking port
Rebuilt my media collection over the last 6 months from that mistake but beyond that never had any huge WD failures. I'm willing to lose everything data wise most of the time anyway, I hoard data but it's all temporary in my mind as I can't justify doubling my HDD collection just for redundancy
>>
>>79683376
Assuming you're not a mutt, then yes. Most countries will let you return a HDD with errors. I think even manufacturers will honor an RMA
>>
>>79680007
why do mutts have such shitty internet plans? i live in east european shithole called bosnia and even we have unlimited plans by default
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>>79683891
Internet is a massive monopoly in america so ISPs just butt fuck us all day and night.
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>>79683264
that's the magic of windows 10. i solved that problem by just creating a shortcut to the network location on desktop, without mapping it in explorer. i also removed it from the quick access menu.
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>>79683483
Oh, I meant return, as in send it back and get it replaced with one that hopefully passes the burn-in. I do want the storage, after all.
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>>79683931
I think I still experienced this in 7, but I will try your method, thanks.
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Hello gents, was wondering if I could get some guidence.
pic related is my current NAS setup. It keeps overloading and crashes 24/7.

Main issues to my knowledge is that the raspberry pi 3b+ has no hardware crypto acceleration, and LUKS can't full-disk the drive due to lack of ram.
This means that all crypto shit has to be done via CPU only, which bottlenecks the systems. Furthermore USB 2.0 is naturally slow as fuck, so I obviously will have to move away from that.
Now looking at the RPi4, there still seems to be no crypto support (https://www.raspberrypi.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=243410).

What's a good server/nas which gives me a linux shell I can work from and not some gay proprietary interface whilst being able to get 1080p playback from a jellyfin server with full-disk encryption?
>>
>>79680007
Holy shit I have no idea how you guys manage to survive with such shit ISPs. Go start your own fucking local thing, there's clearly money to be stolen from these turbojews.
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>>79684388
Reason for the two Raspberry pi's was mainly because I got an extra one from my old work place. I was hoping by using NFS I'd be able to let a seperate device handle the media encoding for jellyfin and thereby save some CPU for the main raspberry with the HDD and rtorrent
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>>79684392
You are incredibly wrong. Setting up infrastructure is nearly impossible and these companies will do ANYTHING to stop you. They will sue your over and over again with bullshit lawsuits they have no plans of winning just to deplete your money and time.
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How is this thing called and what's its common use?
I bought some drives for my home server and all of them came with it. I only needed the drives so I removed it, but I want to know if I can use them for something else before throwing them into the trash.
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>>79684388
No exp with that but you'll probably need to go full x86tard with that.
>>
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I've purchased a new hdd to increase my hoarding power, a 14T Toshiba MG07ACA14TE. After a short self test, I have a scary value in `smart -A /dev/sdd`.
220 Disk_Shift              0x0002   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       18612225

Do any of you have experience w/ this drive, or similar Toshiba drives, or 220 Disk_Shift as an indicator? Is this drive bad? SMART values 5, 7, 10, 196-199, and 223 all look ok. Chatter in search results says you want this value low, but that this drive often comes w/ values in the millions. I don't know. I'm currently waiting another ~18h for a long test to finish. Are there other tests I could run (on linux) that might give me the good news that I don't need an RMA?
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>>79684735
yeah probably. I just wanted something cheap, small and non-noisy.. Maybe an Intel NUC is what I'm looking for
>>
>>79684839
Or any other used 1l mini pc.
https://www.servethehome.com/introducing-project-tinyminimicro-home-lab-revolution/
>>
What’s the best domain name service?
>>
>>79685048
oh that's super useful! Thank you
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>>79676745
I'm completely new to this whole topic but I thought about buying one of these https://www.hardkernel.com/shop/odroid-hc4-oled/ and a WD external drive like this one https://www.mydealz.de/deals/wd-my-book-8tb-35-externe-festplatte-sata3-256bit-aes-3-jahre-garantie-media-saturn-1735252 to harvest the HDD from it. Does this give me a Solid NAS or should I buy something else? Thanks
>>
I've got components from my old PC build which include an i5 2500k. Want to turn it into a Plex server just for myself, but dunno if it's worth the money to buy a mini-ITX mobo and case for just that (I want something small, plus don't have an extra case).

Quick look at prices for LGA 1155 mobos and they're surprisingly pricey. Thoughts on best bang for my buck?
>>
>>79685215
My Odroid N2(+) works fine. I'd recommend that over the HC2 because more than 2 bays
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>>79685082
idk but i use epik
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>>79685082
All of them are decent enough, just use tld-list.com to min max the price.
Porkbun and OVH have shown no obvious flaws so far.
>>
>>79684388
Yes, the Rpi3+ is shit. How many years do we have to repeat this?

>Now looking at the RPi4, there still seems to be no crypto support
Not sure it is too slow, but an Odroid N2 has support (for AES and stuff) and is really rather fast (for other ciphers). Just use that if in doubt.
>>
>>79685251
How do I connect my drives to the N2+? Via USB? Are there 3D printable cases for these? I don't need too many drives, two will be plenty for me that's why the HC4 looks so attractive to me
>>
>>79685262
I already own my domain through network solutions. I never really gave it that much thought but saw something that made me think there might be better places out there and if i should transfer it.
>>
>>79676745
Do I need a high endurance SD card for an email server running off Raspberry? Or can I just buy a regular Samsung or SanDisk one.
>>
Anyone got any recommendations for cisco layer 3 switches for homelab? Im looking at a few 3650Gs. Anything anyone else would recommend? Ive already got my CCNA so its not really studying, I just want to keep up my knowledge base
>>
>>79684568
That's a drive tray anon. Its only useful for the enclosure its meant for
>>
brehs
My raspberry pi4 should be home any day now, I'm planning to use it as a pihole and nas
What else should I put on it?
>>
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Hello data whores, my Google photos is full, and they're doing away with unlimited free storage in a few months anyway. So my original plan was to just bulk download the ~14GB and stick it on my little 1TB portable hdd, then delet them in google so I can receive emails again lul.

But I'm wondering:
>1. I really like Google Photos specifically because of the AI that lets you search for a term ("motherboard") and find every related image through your entire history of pics.
Is there any kind of DIY way/program to do something similar, just without gulag?
>2. Should I do a google "Takeout" of the photos, or select them all and download through the web interface?
Anyone done it before? I've heard both methods vary, mainly that the takeout puts them in folders by Year and then Date or something

I don't really care either way but I'm a noob to data prostitution so looking for any protips.
>>
>>79686641
Checkout photoprism- seems to be the closest thing in some ways (but not others)
>>
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Few questions, just upgraded, and now I'm looking at pushing my network in the 10gbe or higher.

I only have 2 or 3 devices that I need to capability on. What's a cost effective solution?

I was thinking of just getting a 4 port switch and chaining it off my router, and buying network cards for the rest of my devices?

Whats some affordable switches/network cards?

Also I'm running a chenbro 4300 case, and it uses proprietary hotswappable power supplies, one went bad and I can't find replacements anywhere? Anyone have a recommendations on where you can get stuff like that?'
>>
anyone here migrated from ESXi to Proxmox or other third party hypervisors? If so how are you liking it?
>>
>>79685432
> Via USB?
Yes.

> Are there 3D printable cases for these?
IDK, probably. You can get mass produced USB docks though if you aren't simply using your external drives as they are right now.

> I don't need too many drives, two will be plenty for me
Then just use external drives as they are and be happy you still have ports for a bunch more (possibly in docks) when you eventually outgrow them.
>>
>>79686641
>Is there any kind of DIY way/program to do something similar, just without gulag?
https://photonix.org/ but it's not as good as Google's/Yandex's version yet. The open sauce projects have been getting better at it every year though.

>2. Should I do a google "Takeout" of the photos, or select them all and download through the web interface?
I think you should just try a takeout first.
>>
>>79685792
Nah, just get some random not extremely slow model and back it up via borg or restic periodically.
>>
>>79685082
Cloudflare is okay.
>>
>>79686385
I also got one not long ago. These are running in containers for now:
# bazarr: Subtitle management
# duckdns: Dynamic DNS service
# grafana: Analytics & monitoring dashboard
# heimdall: Dashboard for web applications
# influxdb: Time series database
# jackett: API support for torrent trackers
# jellyfin: Media system
# pihole: Network-wide protection
# qbittorrent: BitTorrent client
# radarr: Smart PVR for movies
# sonarr: Smart PVR for TV shows
# telegraf: Collecting and reporting metrics
# traefik: Edge router
# wireguard: VPN tunnel
>>
>>79676745
>https://github.com/awesome-selfhosted/awesome-selfhosted
if one of you guys is managing this link, you should add flexget to the list.
Combined with transmission-daemon you can build an automated rss watcher which will automatically pull and download torrents. They added a functioning webserver in a recent update which makes it finally sensibly useable on a server
>>
>>79689816
I find flexget rather shitty to be honest.
>>
>>79689972
Were you not able to make a working config?
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>>79686385
Pivpn maybe if you haven't got a vpn already.
>>
>>79689982
I was.
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>>79682208
Depends on model and efficency. Hard to know
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>>79684388
Just jump the ship and build a proper x86 pc with a cheap ryzen. You'll be able to do way more
>>
>>79686850
Why don't you install a proper os?
>>
bump?
>>
What do you anons use flexget for? Don't really see any point to it when Sonarr and Radarr exist.
>>
>>79691630
I haven't used Flexget yet, however I use RSS feeds in qBittorrent because some anime releases are not detected correctly in Sonarr.
>>
>>79691630
Anime, although it feels like a pretty shitty solution for it. I might abandon it and just make my own.
>>
>>79684766
UPDATE: About 19 hours later it has increased, although the test has yet to complete.
220 Disk_Shift              0x0002   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       34734081

All other SMART values still look fine.
>>
do you really need red drives? I think it's a meme, your NAS works just on the daily backup or ocasionally when you access your nextcloud anyway, or stream a movie. That's not 24/7. 95% of time it will be idle
>>
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>>79677369
>enclosure
>>
>>79693311
No, but they do have some minor benefits, like the warranty. A lot of people use shucked drives without issues, so they're clearly fine.
>>
Babby here, still just thinking about various scenarios. Wanna take my time and really think about it so I don't make an expensive mistake.

One scenario in my head has a simple 2-bay external enclosure hooked up to computer (SBC or laptop). Was looking at this plastic transparent one by Orico. I like it because it's covered rather than an open toaster, and also can put it flat.

Anyway so I plan to use RAID1. But when looking at the listings for this I see a regular version
https://www.aliexpress.com/item/33045401597.html
and a RAID version
https://www.aliexpress.com/item/33033994978.html

Do I need the RAID version? Can't I just use the regular one and configure the RAID myself with the software (OMV or FreeNAS)?
>>
Certainly not a bump.
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>>79693581
How's heat management on those?
>>
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Rate my setup (featuring properly rotated photo this time)
btw guess which device makes the most noise
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>>79694852
>which device makes the most noise
1u server in the middle?
>>
>>79694833
Probably not great, I saw one review saying it gets hot.

For my use case I'm not too worried about it though, I'm not gonna do any advanced server stuff, no plex, those disks aren't gonna be working 24/7. I just want network attached storage. If I go the old laptop route instead of SBC, I probably won't even have them on all the time. I'd only be using it for backups. So only turn them on when backing up. Like once a day. Then go over to the corner of the room or the basement where I'll keep this whole setup and put the laptop back to sleep, maybe the drives will power down too?
>>
>>79694930
it's 2U but yes
>>
How much would it cost me in hard drives alone, to do 100tb?
If I go with Seagate NAS drives it looks like it'd cost me over $2k USD which is fucking insane.

I don't want to shuck drives, and I don't want to get drives that are extremely unreliable.

Is this accurate pricing? Or should I be doing something else?

Also how should I partition it? Consider that I will have no remote backup when starting this.

Eventually I will plan to make a 1:1 duplicate and keep it over a family members house, but not anytime soon. The price would be fucking insane. Implying it would cost me $2k for the drives alone, never-mind any server gear. I would then need to spend probably around $4k plus electricity just for a backup which I don't want to do right now. In the future sure.

So I was thinking about doing 50tb and 50tb, 1:1?
I'm very unfamiliar with file systems and raid. I was thinking ZFS, but I'm not sure how redundancy works with ZFS.
It's a bit confusing to me when researching just because I haven't messed with it. Do I need to allocate 1:1 for the same machine for redundancy on ZFS? Is that the best and SAFEST option while maintaining fast R/W speeds (I also plan to maybe throw in a 500gb ssd for OS and Caching)?

Don't throw me links saying drives are on sale here, that's not what I'm looking for. Still probably gonna be maybe 7 months until I do any of this, just thinking ahead.
>>
>>79695273
i assume you're including redundancy to reach such a price point. in that case, does it matter that they're NAS drives?
i've been running a standard desktop seagate and toshiba for about 4 years now with no issues and if one dies i have the data on the other.

you don't need to do 1:1. a raid 6 would allow you to retain all data with up to 2 drives dying at once.
>>
>>79695273
a RAIDZ2 (or RAID6) is all you need to handle resiliency. Don't go full retard with RAID1 or 1:1.
>>
>>79695273
>>79695361
you should also look at using drives from different manufacturers as that reduces the chance of consecutive drive failures.
>>
>>79695361
>i assume you're including redundancy to reach such a price point.
Just 8tb Seagate NAS drives are around $200.
I went with 100tb because I need 50tb at minimum. I figure the other 50tb would be for redundancy if I went 1:1.

However it would be extremely beneficial to be able to utilize more than 50tb.


>>79695392
>you should also look at using drives from different manufacturers
are you suggesting buy half the drives from Seagate, half from WD for example?

>>79695391
>RAIDZ2 (or RAID6) is all you need to handle resiliency.
To my knowledge, I was under the impression RAID isn't needed if you used something like ZFS (OpenZFS)?

>Don't go full retard with RAID1 or 1:1.
Any chance you can elaborate on why though?

Again, I'm not extremely familiar with RAIDS and Filesystems and Redundancy in general. Reading about them is a bit confusing just due to lack of real world experience working with them.
>>
>>79695361
Oh forgot to answer the rest here.

>does it matter that they're NAS drives?
Would prefer it yes.

>you don't need to do 1:1. a raid 6..
read my reply above asking about this from what the other poster said

>retain all data with up to 2 drives dying at once.
this is only depending on which drives die, correct?
I guess this would matter more if you only had 4 drives. But I guess with 50tb+ you have more than 4 drives so the chances are decreased greatly?
>>
>>79692484
could just be thermal expansion. as long as it's not relocating sectors chuck it in your raid and check it before the warranty runs out. Worst thing that could happen it it'll die in a week. then you'll be sending it back anyway.
>>
>>79695641
>>retain all data with up to 2 drives dying at once.
>this is only depending on which drives die, correct?
You can pluck out any two drives from a RAID 6 array without the array failing. RAID 5 is basically the same except with only one parity drive.

To get 100 TB of usable space with RAID 6, you'd need 11 x 12 TB drives ((11-2) x 12 TB = 108 TB).
>>
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anyone bought the seagate 10tb and 14tb externals recently? apparenty they have decent drives in them
>>
>>79692484
UPDATE 2: Disk_Shift remains stable at 34734081. The long self test passed. No reallocated sectors or other usual suspects in the smart values.
>>79695810
I was going to leave this as a hot backup drive until I needed the space. So I'll need some sort of artificial stress test. What's easy and good enough, `fio`? It's been a while since I had a new hdd not get perfect marks.
>>
>>79695880
Are there any high-capacity external drives that don't have decent drives in them?
>>
>>79677031
>Number of ports isn't the only feature a switch can have.
Okay, so get a gs305e, for $20
it has vlans, full forwarding bandwidth, and a full range of advanced features that that shitbox dell doesn't have.
>>
>>79677453
I don't know of any modern switch that doesn't forward at full wire capacity, in fact my enterprise 10G 24 port switch only has 32Gb/s fabric capacity.
>>
>>79677579
>but good luck running BGP on a gs305...
okay, but the Dell 5324 isn't a L3 switch either, so it's kinda irrelevant in that case.
Don't come argue with me though I have a H3C S5800-56C with like 3 Gb ports in use and 2 10G ports in use working as a dumb layer 2 switch.
>>
>>79696056
some WD 10th used to have MZAZ(blues) in them. seagate used to have thier shitty compute drives in some of their externals. So yeah, quite common to chuck shit drives in them
>>
>>79696256
Don't WD Blues max out at 6 TB?
>>
>>79696311
i dunno, whats their mainstream desktop drives? used to be blues. the MZAZ, i think that was the name of them anyway were the drives that didnt have TLER.
Also they started using SMR for red drives so I'm not sure if these are mixed in with externals. don't really know what drives they decide to put in them. The I asked about the seagates.
>>
>>79695617
>I was under the impression RAID isn't needed if you used something like ZFS (OpenZFS)?

ZFS protects you from filesystem errors, not HDD errors.

You will also need ECC memory to prevent memory errors causing silent errors and a UPS so power outage does not fuck all your data that is still cached and have yet to be written. ZFS is kind of stupid that way.
>>
>>79696730
>>79696256
WDs own drives max out at 6tb. Anything larger, so 8tb and higher, uses HGST ultrastar helium drives, possibly with firmware tweaks to make them run at 5400rpm instead of 7200rpm, or less cache, etc. Golds and Reds also use rebrands of those.

Only exception found so far is that some 8tb drives use air instead of helium and consequently they run significantly hotter. Like 50-60C in their enclosure, 30-40C if you have them in a decent case with active cooling.

For 6TB and lower, they use whatever they have on stock for external drives, usually blue but can also be green or red..
>>
>>79696730
>Also they started using SMR for red drives so I'm not sure if these are mixed in with externals.
Might be but that also shouldn't be a problem when buying high-capacity externals since the SMR drives are for drives under 8 TB if I remember correctly.
>>
>>79695273
>How much
8TB drives are $119 at lowest sale price.
>I don't want to shuck
Then pay $2k USD, but its literally throwing money away.
>Should I be doing something else?
Yes. SHUCK THE DRIVES and save $80 per drive. The going rate for HDDs is $14/TB when shucking.
>ZFS, redundancy, etc
You need to do more research my friend. I’d recommend the wiki in OP, and perfectmediaserver.com ZFS offer redundancy and uptime with raidz. Its optional when you setup your pools. Raidz1 = one disk of parity Raidz2 = two disks of parity. You shouldn't go over 5-6 drives with either per raidz. For my 100TB I have (with redundancy, all raidz1) I started small with 3x 8TB, then 4x 10TB, and now 5x 12TB, then some miscellaneous drives. I would suggest a similar approach. Remember, raid is not a backup - it only offers continued uptime in case of a drive failure.
>Duplicates
Ask yourself: is all 100TB you hope to accumulate precious data you never want to lose and is impossible to replace? If yes, then you need to do 3-2-1 backup (3 copies, 2 medium, 1 remote). I’d challenge you though, as unless you have a business generating tons of data, you really don’t have that much irreplaceable data. If its TV/Movies/Anime you can easily replace it. I do 3-2-1 backups on about 10TB of my 100. Its family photos, important documents, password manager VM backup - that kind of thing.
>In conclusion
Tell us what you’re storing and how much data it takes up and we can help you further.
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This might not be the perfect thread to ask this, but it seems like the people here would be most likely to know about this.

I have a Linux machine. I put some (KVM/qemu) virtual machines on it, also running Linux. I want those machines to appear on the network as if they were separate machines, and fortunately there's a macvtap network option that's supposed to do that. In the VM, it seems to work, they get their own IP addresses, and if I tell my DHCP server to give them a specific one by MAC address that works fine and they pick it up. DNS works in the VMs, I have internet connectivity, etc.

But then if I try to ssh to them from a different machine, it doesn't work. ssh connects fine, but it goes to the VM host, not the VM itself. If I shut down the ssh server on the host but leave the VMs running, I just get a connection refused. While I was troubleshooting this, I tried to ping the other machine (my laptop, on the same subnet as the host and VMs) from the VM. The first six or so pings got dropped, and then I started getting replies. After doing this on the VM, everything works and sshing to them from my laptop works properly, it doesn't redirect everything to the host. ip route show reports that nothing changed between the working post-ping world and the broken pre-ping world, on either the host or the VMs.

What the fuck is going on here? I'm not exactly a master of networking, but I have no fucking clue how to even investigate this any further, or what kinds of things I should be searching for.
>>
>>79689365
>>79690000 checked

thanks guys, I'll try this stuff out
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>>79698027
I also recommend using linuxserver.io images. Most of the items from the previous list are available there.
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>>79697327
I was setting up KVM/qemu the other week too and had a kinda similar problem.
https://wiki.debian.org/KVM#Between_VM_host_and_guests
That's what I followed and everything just werked after that
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>>79693581
someone...pls answer...
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>>79695273
>How much would it cost me in hard drives alone, to do 100tb?
I bought (6) six of the 14tb EasyStores over Black Friday. After tax, that was 1.2k for all of that. I ended up buying another one like 3 weeks ago since they had another sale that wasn't as good as the Black Friday sale but I had a $10 coupon off their sale price of $219, so it wasn't too bad to the price now. Goodness.

But, that won't even get me 100tb usable. So, hoarding is pretty expensive. I'm waiting on a 5950x for my server, though.
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>>79693581
>>79698665
Do you trust the chink micro controller to do hardware raid for you?
Do you trust yourself to never flick those small switches?

Just do software raid.
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>>79697327
bridge mode man
create a virtual switch inside your pc
terminology for this is a "public bridge"
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feels good man
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>>79699094
nice cock bro
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I'm thinking of setting up an automated backup system through a rpi at my parent's house to backup my important NAS files at home with crontab during the night. They don't put their unlimited data plan to use anyway.

What's the best way to approach this with a rpi? Would these work / be safe?

> expose SSH port on backup rpi to the internet and use ssh and rsync
Is this dangerous, even if I would disable password login and only use key-based authentication?

> have the backup rpi be an sftp server.
(Not sure if it offers any advantages to the above, haven't really ever used this).

> connect backup rpi to my home VPN and use rsync.
Will be a pain to restore if it disconnects, so I would probably need to expose an ssh port to the internet anyway.

> have the backup rpi run a VPN server, and a home rpi connect to that VPN to backup.
Not sure if it is even possible for a machine to be connected to my home NAS on local LAN and another LAN through VPN at the same time.

> Other ideas?
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>>79699134
Was finally able to add a 4x12 shucked drive set to my pool to augment the original 4x4 set that was nearly full. Should last a good bit before I need to get another 4 drives. after that though my case is full.
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>>79693581
> a simple 2-bay external enclosure hooked up to computer (SBC or laptop).
Yea, just get a SBC. Odroid N2+ or Rpi4 maybe?

>I like it because it's covered rather than an open toaster
I guess. OTOH open toaster is fine too, using one for 5 bays (passively cooled).

> Do I need the RAID version?
You do not need the RAID version, you probably want mdraid under your own control.
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I_hoard_minecraft_mods
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>>79699955
Only 48% done btw
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>>79699955
>>79700043
based
there are so many great mods I hope they get preserved for the future
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>>79699955
do you have the more creeps and weirdos mod?
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>>79700160
And I have no idea why no one else has been working to preserve them all. There is this guy
map.crummy.com
but his archives only extend to 2018 and
mcarchive.net
only handles pre-release versions.
Now I'm only hitting curseforge, I have hit 9minecraft in the past, but if possible I will move onto other challenges in the future. I really like mods so it's been my focus, but I can't find anyone else willing to put the work into archiving. It's possible they exist but we don't know each other exist or we are staying silent. I want to get all the versions and create an offline launcher for all the Minecraft versions. I know stuff like multimc exists but I would like a script that grabs everything at once.
It's my one step towards an archived future.
>>79700255
I have the revival, the original isn't on curseforge. I have the original in a different, uncategorized folder.
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>>79700331
>I have the revival, the original isn't on curseforge. I have the original in a different, uncategorized folder.
cool
really good mod
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>>79676745
I use ubuntu server with raid 1.
How do I have a script that sets off the mobo speaker when a drive is near failure?
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>>79700440
Can't predict a "near failure" with any reliability.

I guess you could script something if mdadm has an error, usually people just send the log entries somewhere rather than beeping.
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>>79700511
Checked

But what if I want this system to be retard proof. Like I don't check on it in a month and it runs a daily smart that beeps if the drive fails?
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>>79676745
is that an ikea side table?
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>>79694852
>Vaseline on the rack
My kinda /hsg/ bro
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>>79700593
Feel free to beep if mdadm or any entry matching the array/drives reports an error I guess? You can monitor the system log.
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>>79698975
>Just do software raid.
>>79699358
>You do not need the RAID version, you probably want mdraid under your own control.
Thanks brahs, I was confused about whether software and hardware raid were separate or not. Now I now they are and will go with software.

And the problem with open toaster format is dust, otherwise I would go for one, it definitely looks cooler.
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>>79676930
Yeah, I too am baffled by this.
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>>79696961
Neither of my 10TB WD drives have a helium life counter in SMART unlike my 8TB HGST drive, are you sure they're HGST He drives?
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>>79702765
>I was confused about whether software and hardware raid were separate or not.
I'm guessing a few implementations (by now) just use an embedded Linux for mdraid because why would they reinvent it from scratch and almost everything has embedded Linux in China.

But you can't update or control that. So definitely just go with your software.

> And the problem with open toaster format is dust
Easy to deal with (blow away / suck it up with vacuum) but sure.
>>
>>79700613
Yes, the good ol' LACK.



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