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Welcome to /fglt/ - Friendly GNU/Linux Thread.

Users of all levels are welcome to ask questions about GNU/Linux and share their experiences.

*** Please be civil, notice the "Friendly" in every Friendly GNU/Linux Thread ***

Before asking for help, please check our list of resources.

If you would like to try out GNU/Linux you can do one of the following:
0) Install a GNU/Linux distribution of your choice in a Virtual Machine.
1) Use a live image and to boot directly into the GNU/Linux distribution without installing anything.
2) Dual boot the GNU/Linux distribution of your choice along with Windows or macOS.
3) Go balls deep and replace everything with GNU/Linux.

LibrePlanet 2019 conference videos:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLnl0VdFgaH4zDIK5sl2Bl1FEf1B0ELn_U

Resources: Please spend at least a minute to check a web search engine with your question.

$ man %command%
$ info %command%
$ %command% -h/--help
$ help %builtin/keyword%

Don't know what to look for?
$ apropos %something%

Check the Wikis (most troubleshoots work for all distros):
https://wiki.archlinux.org
https://wiki.gentoo.org

/g/'s Wiki on GNU/Linux:
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Category:GNU/Linux

>What distro should I choose?
https://wiki.installgentoo.com/index.php/Babbies_First_Linux
>What are some cool programs?
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/list_of_applications
https://directory.fsf.org/wiki/Main_Page
>What are some cool terminal commands?
http://www.commandlinefu.com/
http://cheat.sh/
>Where can I learn the command line?
http://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashGuide
http://www.grymoire.com/Unix/
http://overthewire.org/wargames/bandit/
>Where can I learn more about Free Software?
https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/philosophy.html
>Which web browser performs best on GNU/Linux?
https://linuxreviews.org/firefox-vs-chromium/

/fglt/'s website and copypasta collection:
http://fglt.nl && https://p.teknik.io/wJ9Zy

/t/'s GNU/Linux Games: >>>/t/861783

Previous thread: >>70935440
>>
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Linux is obsolete.
>>
Gnome is gay
>>
>>70950738
There is literally nothing wrong with being gay.
>>
>>70950747
gays are cool, fags are the worst

any anons have experience with linuxacademy? should i bother with this shit or should i just read a book? the format is appealing to my simple mind
>>
>fedora 30
>sudo dnf update
>fail to synch cache
>fail to synch cache
>fail to synch cache
>fail to synch cache

What a hell. How i fix that?
>>
>>70950738
>Gnome
I've just flat out avoided GNOME applications for quite some time. They've removed the menu and window title-bar from every single application. gedit, which they've now renamed "Text editor", used to be decent. Now it's just trash like the rest of GNOME.

I honestly don't get GNOME's design-decisions. It's like they are intentionally trying to drive their dwindling user-base away.
>>
>>70950932
try dnf clean all and see if that helps. it's possible but I'm not sure it's likely.

failing to sync the cache is more likely a result of something related to your network setup. Like DNS or something else. Are you sure everything network-related is working as it should on that machine?
>>
>>70950601
I hate kpop op
>>
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>>70951421
I just like the girls, the music is disgusting zoomer garbage.
>>
>>70951523
degenerate
>>
Everything web-related with a qt UI depends on the qtwebengine, which is based on chromium
The botnet is in the way of my lxqt desktop
>>
>>70950738
Use MATE.
>>
>>70951571
no u
>>
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He's right, you know.
>>
Which distro is best for both RAMdisk and virtualization of a Windows OS? I don't need a DE. It just needs a net connection, RAMdisk, and solid virtualization.
>>
Is polybar broken? I've tried tweaking it for hours now and nothing is working?
>>
>>70951830
>that greedy asshole
>we should have all his money instead
>>
>>70951963
Don't reply to off topic bait. Just report and hide.
>>
>>70951830
Tax the rich!
>>
>>70951830
based
fuck beZOG
>>
How does updating work in Guix? If I want to update GNOME for example, and Guix packages 3.28 as default in Guix 1.0 but there's 3.32 available, do I need to wait for Guix 2.0? Or can I move up to 3.32 and it just works it out without breaking the fucking system?
>>
KDE fanboys

explains yourselves
>>
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>>70952017
>freedom from corporate spying
>not in topic with the software freedom general
>>
>>70950601
wallpaper please :)
>>
>>70951830
Why is this here?
>>
Slackware or void?
>>
>>70950601
Can someone help me
i m using icecat and i cant install add ons
i tried everything i could find but no luck
the add ons work-i can load them temporarily but i cant install them
>>
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non-tech savvy person here

I have been having a blast with gnuLinux since you guys adviced me to ditch Windows, but i still need windows for my games and obscure software that doesn't have a linux version.

My question is: how far are we from virtualized gpu's? i know about qemu+gpu passtrough, but i want something like what we have on cpu's, where the VM recognizes the cpu virtualization capabilities and just works.
>>
>>70953012
It senses degeneracy
>>
Any bspwm users here?
I don't use gaps and I really hate how the border line looks. I've been trying to find a way to make the focused terminal look "brighter" or more "focused" than the others in the same desktop.

As you can see in pic related, currently all terminals look the same and it could get confusing after zooming out. Anyone knows how to do this? Thanks a lot.
>>
I'm trying to install Lubuntu on a computer but it has an eMMC for a hard drive and is having issues. I've read here (https://askubuntu.com/questions/879986/emmc-boot-installation-compatibility) and the only thing I can't do is disable Legacy Option ROM. Any other way around this so it can boot from the eMMC?
>>
>>70953917
Parabola
>>
>>70954376
Linux has jumped miles in a matter of a few years when it comes to gaming. You can play almost all modern games now. Check this out:

>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Co6FePZoNgE

What other obscure software do you need?
>>
>>70954503
An operating system.
>>
I am a macfag who got into linux due to the servers I'm managing (all debian or ubuntu based). I'm considering moving away from osx when I buy my next laptop.

I just installed gentoo in a vm. I installed SLiM and bspwm so I've got a basic environment up and running. What should I do next?
>>
>>70954503
I know, and i will only use linux once the time comes, but for now i need windows, since i love to install mods and the kind of software needed to mod games often crashes -or just don't work- on wine
>>
so can anyone explain how clear linux went from 0 to something that my non-linux coworker knows about? Is it any good or no? Is there an AMD equivalent or is every distro considered that?
>>
>>70951830
realistically what does buying a homeless person a home do? They're usually homeless because
>not intelligent enough to have a stable income
>addiction
>psychological problems
>not intelligent with money in any sense
>faking for free gibs from retards like this guy.
I mean there are some cases where homeless people are homeless due to just shit luck of the draw but the rest nah.
>>
>>70954972
It just got a GUI installer so it's in the news right now
>>
>>70955023
is it any good tho? Also if that's it then wtf I can't imagine it was hard before.
>>
>>70954972
>Is there an AMD equivalent
https://github.com/InBetweenNames/gentooLTO
>>
What am I missing if st can only do either full or no transparency? compton is up and running
>>
>>70954376
Only once everything attributable to the GPU is handled as CPU vector instructions. So like 10 or 20 years from now if ever. Even then it's likely anything off the CPU die is going to have to be assigned to one OS or the other for latency reasons. Like we do with every other kind of add-on device presently.
>>
why is chromium on void still on version 72 when 74 has been out for a while now you'd think that's one of the few apps they'd keep updated regularly.
>>
>>70951830
These twitter tards are fucking dumb. Anyone over the IQ of 70 know Bezos networth is not entirely in liquid cash. So no, he can't buy every homeless person in America a home.
>>
>>70955205
it just hasn't been updated yet
you could open an issue on https://github.com/void-linux/void-packages/issues/new
>>
>>70955155
What about Intel GVT-g or that virtualization thing Nvidia does with their Quadro cards?
>>
>>70954972
People should stop visiting Distrowatch. Every visit makes 'em dumber.
>>
>>70955014
i'm pretty sure that all cases are shit luck
>>
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Anyone else having issues with Appchan X or other greasemonkey scripts in Kubuntu with firefox? It doesn't work at all.
>>
I sometimes wonder things like which distro has the world's largest install image size or which one is the most used amongst mentally ill people. My life is pretty bleak to be honest.
>>
Anyone knows what's up with my install of krita's font being this tiny all of a sudden? I've looked around but I can't figure out where I'd change it back to normal, googling did not seem to have what i was looking for, deleting kritarc didn't fix it either, and I can't find any qt or kde config files that looks like they would contain font related stuff.
>>
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why??
why can't have nested
while read
s?
It just works absolutely weirdly, but I kind of need to do it.

(what i need to do is main read line from file and nested read line from stdin)
>>
>>70955850
>>
I am fairly new to Linux and i just did a fresh install of Antergos with KDE. Whenever I screenfetch from console I get the following error.

QApplication: invalid style override passed, ignoring it.
Available styles: Breeze, Oxygen, QtCurve, Windows, Fusion
QApplication: invalid style override passed, ignoring it.
Available styles: Breeze, Oxygen, QtCurve, Windows, Fusion

It show sup twice just like this. I haven't messed with any settings or app styles. Anyone know how to fix it?
>>
Libreplanet videos are up https://www.fsf.org/blogs/community/libreplanet-2019-videos-now-live
>>
>>70955918
I read some of these, but I don't get the reason why it doesn't work
>>
>>70955850
You don't use read to read from stdin. You use $(</dev/stdin) or if you're bored $(cat)
>>
>>70956068
what?
>>
>>70955615
Harmful thoughts that may lead to telemetry desires.
>>
>>70954972
The fuck is clear linux?
>>
>>70956485
A distro
>>
>>70955404
Eye-wateringly expensive driver hacks that don't work very well. Intel doesn't even have an actual dGPU product.
>>
I understand > (append) and >> (overwrite). please exbrain < and <<
>>
>>70956485
Flavor of the month distro.
>>
>>70953147
>t. fucktard /pol/ spammer
>>
Wher e does stuff go when u send it to /dev/null?
>>
>>70956579
> overwrite
>> append

< read from a file as standard input
$ cat file | grep something

is equal to
$ grep something < file


there's no such thing as <<, you probably means <<< which is bash-exclusive feature
$ echo "some text" | grep text

is equal to
$ grep text <<<"some text"
>>
>>70956713
nothingness, even if you're a religious person
>>
>>70956713
/dev/null goes to the great recycling bin in the sky, bytes get reincarnated to reduce the environmental impact of computing
>>
>>70956738
yea I mixed up the two sorry, real tired today
I thought < could be used to input from other commands as well. thanks
>>
>>70956792
>I thought < could be used to input from other commands as well.
bash has this too, called "process substitution"
cmd <(another-cmd)

this directs the output of the subprocess to stdin for the outer process

Recommended reading:
http://vincebuffalo.org/blog/2013/08/08/using-names-pipes-and-process-substitution-in-bioinformatics.html
>>
If i use armory to create a bitcoin address and then someone sends me bitcoins to it, how do i convert that to USD?
Are fees going to rape me?
>>
>>70957223
very good link!
>>
>>70950601
Should I install Fedora or Antergos? I'm on Xubuntu right now. I used Manjaro for while, and Mint before that.
>>
There are only two distros. Arch and Debian.
>>
>>70954773
Slap KDE Plasma on there, and get Vim.
>>
>>70957525
Antergos is unironically the best Arch-based distro. Some people have reported install trouble, but it was fine for me, and it runs creamy.
>>
>>70956579
< read file
<< read document
<<< read string
> write to file
>> append to file
>>
>>70956738
$ cat << DOCUMENT
haha
benis
DOCUMENT
haha
benis
>>
I want a decent distro that I can install on this old Netbook I have. It's i386 (an Atom) so Arch seems to be out. I wanted to check out Crunchbang++ but there's no direct ISO download and the torrent is going to take forever. Any other suggestions?
>>
>>70957666
herefiles seem like such a niche and obscure thing
what practical applications do they have?
>>
I have an interesting scenario. I have 2 hard drives i want to use 1 for windows gaming and the other for linux, I also already store my games on both drives. Can i setup the 2nd drive to have a large partition that i can use to boot into linux ?
>>
>>70957904
Automating sessions in command interpreters. Also more readable sometimes if you have a wall of text that requires a shitload of escapes.
>>
>>70958147
>>I have an interesting scenario.
>implying you have an interesting scenario
>>
>>70958166
this isnt friendly
>>
>>70958147
Yes. Either move the data on the 2nd drive to create room at the _front_ for GRUB + your distro
Then in your BIOS give the 2nd drive priority booting and it'll let you choose to boot windows or GNU/Linux.

Or, install your distro to the _back_ of the 2nd drive and then overwrite the windows bootloader on the 1st drive with GRUB.

The 1st option has the benefit of not having to overwrite the windows bootloader. But resizing a partition to make room at the front is a bit more dangerous and takes longer.
The choice is yours
>>
>>70958223
but the problem is my games wouldnt be able to fit on just the 1 drive
>>
>>70958166
Yeah, I want a refund on my expectations.
>>
>>70958244
Download moar ram. Then you can store your games in it.
>>
>>70957769
Debian netinstaller with lxde.
>>
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I'm trying to learn about infosec networking, and I keep seeing people using parrot os (debian-based). Is it any good?
>>
So i download some images and it came witH json and text files, how do i merge the json file in to the metadata/exif data so that i can view it in an image viewer?
Prefer a way to do an entire folder at one time(100+)
>>
what is going on with linux on arm? Does the desktop still run like trash and youtube videos stutter like a bitch? Is Maynard ever coming out?
>>
>>70958244
I don't understand what you're asking then anon. Are you expecting me to somehow solve the problem of your data not being able to fit on 1 disk?

But if you're just asking "can I?" the answer is yes, you can organize your shit literally any way you want with the only requirement being that whichever disk you want to give boot priority too should have GRUB installed at the very front of the disk.
If you want to post an exact example then feel free to, but I don't know how you expect to organize your games
>>
>>70958555
ARM is still gonna be ARM.
>>
>>70958572
so the nvidia board is the only option for not shitty performance?
>>
Not sure if this is a good place to ask, but the Solus forums are dead as shit.
I’m trying to install Solus on my Thinkpad x200T with the live iso via USB. I made the boot media with dd. When I try to boot from this usb on my thinkpad, nothing but a white cursor appears on screen and the light on the usb flashes steadily. The same installation media will boot just fine on my other laptop, an a1278 MacBook Pro
Any idea what to do?
>>
>>70958165
>have a wall of text that requires a shitload of escapes
at that point you would conceivably simply open your text editor lmao
>>
No matter how long I live, I'll never be an Asian lesbian. Why even live.
>>
>>70958604
might not be helpful at all but dd has NEVER worked for me to make livecds/liveusbs. I've had to use unetbootin and other gay ass programs like that
>>
How do I make it so one of my hard drives automatically mounts on startup?
Is the only way to write some command in my .xinitrc or is there a more elegant program that does this?
Also another question I'm using xfce and when I try to unmount a flash drive from the file manager it freezes everything up what the fuck is going on here
>>
>>70958918
man fstab
>>
>>70958555
It's a hw accel problem.

>>70958918
jesus christ stop dicking with your xinitrc you madman
>>
>>70958977
ok I think i get it the only questions i have is what does the fifth field mean
I guess this is a questions about man pages in general when it says something like dump(8) in bold how do I look at that page? because there isn't a man page for something called dump
>>
I have these two keybinds in my i3 config

bindsym Print exec "scrot '%s.png' -u -e 'xclip -se c -t image/png -i $f; mv $f ~/Desktop'"

bindsym $mod+q exec "scrot -s -e 'xclip -se c -t image/png -i $f; rm $f'"


However, only the first one works and I have no idea why. How do I make this work?
>>
>>70958984
>It's a hw accel problem.
so the nvidia board is fine?
>>
>>70959237
I can't remember why now, but the second one needs to be "bindsym --release $mod+q...."
>>
>>70959276
Thanks, it works now
>>
How good is Clearlinux performance on a i5 laptop chip ? Will the difference between say fedora and clearlinux interms of cpu performance be drastic ?
>>
any text editor recommendations? i've just installed arch if that matters. i'm new to linux and not from a programming background or anything, so looking for do something with nice clear formating
>>
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>>70953622
here you go

>>70954503
It's pretty cool that Linus is finally chilling his OS on his youtube-channel
>>
>>70959444
ed is the standard text editor
>>
Gubuntu; Ubuntu with GNOME
>>
>>70959444
>just installed arch
>i'm new to linux
every single fucking time
entry level distros exist for u to start with them u faggots
these days everybody wanna b a ricer but dont nobody wanna grind through them bloated ass OSs
>>
stop ricing
>>
>>70959831
No. I like my home comfy.
>>
>>70959782
arch is the best entry level distro
>>
How does updating work in Guix? If I want to update GNOME for example, and Guix packages 3.28 as default in Guix 1.0 but there's 3.32 available, do I need to wait for Guix 2.0? Or can I move up to 3.32 and it just works it out without breaking the fucking system?

BTW is anyone using Clear Linux here?
>>
>>70959938
Is this a repost or am I losing it?
Or maybe both options are not exclusive?
>>
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>>70950601
I'm getting really tired of how outdated are packages in Linux Mint 17. Can you recommend me a Debian based distro that mantains their repositories relatively up to date, please?
>>
>>70960076
Repost with extra question about clear Linux
>>
>>70959938
It's rolling release, so the default should switch shortly after release I guess. I don't know how long it takes them though, but it definitely isn't locked into guix versions or anything.
Also if you don't feel like waiting you can just do something like:
>guix package -e '(use-modules (guix utils) (gnu packages gnome) (package (inherit gnome) (version "3.28")))'
They also added some features to make rewriting package data like that even easier so I wouldn't be surprised if they add a --with-version flag some time in the future.
>>
>>70960311
forgot to mention that the downside of rewriting the version though is you'll probably end up compiling it yourself. So either that or just wait until they update it themselves
>>
>>70959938
Also if it does break your system for some reason, guix lets you roll back to the exact state of your system from a previous "generation" that worked.
>>
>>70959782
i'm enjoying it so far and wiki has lots of info / links
>>
Is there a list of things to do to optimise for running games (primarily steam proton I guess) for different distros (e.g. ubuntu based, arch based, etc)
>>
>>70959782
arch is better than most thanks to the wiki being 100x better than any other. Arch plus gnome/kde is the easiest fucking thing in the world un
>>
what do korean thots smell like
>>
Best video editor for Linux?
I used kdenlive in the past, but it's been so long that I'm more than willing to try others.
>>
>>70957597
I couldn't install it on my T430s nor on a VM. What a shame
>>
I downloaded GNU IceCat tarbal.
I used tar to extract it, but the folder already consist of binary and other stuff. What am I supposed to do now? Copy it to /usr/local/bin?
When I download tarballs, i expect to compile that so it gets into the proper folders itself
>>
>>70959444
For coding: vscode non-botnet version in arch repo.
For general text editing: whatever the default of your DE
>>
>>70961853
did you try just installing from a repository like a normal person
>>
Why does hibernate work when I induce it manually, but doesn't when I set it to automatic at 2% battery?

i used this tutorial http://ubuntuhandbook.org/index.php/2018/05/add-hibernate-option-ubuntu-18-04/
Also I set up a swap partition and activated it using this https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SwapFaq
>>
>>70951523
10/10 if trap, 6 if not
>>
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just got a brand new 4TB hard drive :3
how do i get it working?
i know how to mount it using fstab but before that i need help with putting a filesystem and changing privileges
>>
are "display server" and "display manager" the same thing? (xorg)
>>
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Where can I get some Tux / Ubuntu merch?
There doesnt seem to be much besides a few stickers in ebay europe, should i just print my own or something?
>>
So, what's a good USB high gain wifi adapter that works well with 2.4Ghz and 5GHz networks on linux?
I don't want a huge ass adapter that needs a power supply and shit, just a good dual band adapter that can host an AP if possible.
I use arch so I have an up to date kernel.
>>
>>70962244
when you say adapter, do you mean for a laptop and not something that you can put into a pcie slot?
>>
>>70962360
Yeah something you can plug into a USB port, and I would use it on a laptop
>>
Anyone here crazy enough to use F2FS?
>>
>>70962153
First you need to partition it with ext4 (if it's not going in a RAID). You can use gparted, or gdisk, or any other tool.

Then you install the FS to it with:

mkfs.ntfs /dev/sdXn


With sdX being your drive and n being the partition number, obviously.

Ganbare, anon~
>>
>>70962576
>partition it with ext4
I'm an idiot. I meant partition it as GPT.

ext4 is the filesystem.
>>
>>70962576
>>70962584
FUCK.

The command should be

mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdXn
>>
>>70962482
No lmao.

If you want some other crazy FSs, there's also RCUfs, and virtio-fs.
>>
>>70962153
Just use gparted
>>
>>70962619
F2FS at least does seem to be suited to flashmem
>>
i'm passing the stdout of youtube-dl as an argument to aria2c like so:
aria2c $(youtube-dl -g "link")

but this hides the youtube-dl output from my terminal
how can i do the same, but also see the download url youtube-dl outputs with my eyes in the terminal?
>>
>>70961257
Mmmmh. Bump?
>>
>>70962482
just use ext4
the only noticeable difference is that f2fs takes much longer to fsck on boot
>>
>>70962717
nevermind, just found out youtube-dl already supports using external downloaders and also includes support for aria2c
>>
>>70962482
Yes. The fs assploded and I lost data. Maybe the device was flaky, or maybe one should not mix versions of fsck.f2fs.
>>
>>70962244
>>70962376
No one?
>>
>>70951523
Please stop writing about the different generations (Boomers, X, Millennials) they're literally all horrible.
>>
>using Fedora
>have an RX560, and will later buy a R7/Navi which can output 10bit per color
>to a state of the art 2K 144Hz monitor which has DP 1.2 capability to accept this
>still don't have an idea on how to set the PC to output 10bpc
>much worse than that is the fact that GNOME can nullify my mouse input once 10bpc is set
Maybe I can generate an X11.conf to manually set color depth to 10bpc, but the fact that GNOME developers are still so old-fashioned disgusts me.
>>
>Where to buy hardware that respects your freedom:
http://puri.sm
http://vikings.net
http://libiquity.com
http://minifree.org
http://tehnoetic.com
http://alephobjects.com
http://thinkpenguin.com

>>70963016
You too can check these links to get a WiFi adapter, and you can even use linux-libre then. I think tehnoetic sells some.
>>
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>tfw to dumb learn bash scripting for a single thing so just make a meme sized command to do the index backup of my computer


rm -rf /home/hox/Documents/config\ \&\ backup/indexes/* && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Documents > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/documents.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Anime > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/anime.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Documentaries > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/documentaries.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Movies > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/movies.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Audio > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/Audio.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Series > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/series.txt' && ls -RCh /mnt/RED/Software > '/home/hox/Documents/config & backup/indexes/software.txt' && tar czvpf - Documents Pictures | gpg --symmetric --cipher-algo aes256 -o archive.tar.gz.gpg


the size of this lad
>>
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Please recommend me a good distro for my laptop. It has very shitty AMD E-300 APU and only two gigs of RAM. Also I only had experience with Ubuntu flavors and derivatives like Mint.
>>
>>70963551

swim upstream young salmon
>>
>>70963551
>e-300
>2gb ram
there's no hope
try something like Xubuntu or Arch+lxqt
>>
is there non bloat distro that user friendly enough fir tech illeterate people? I will installed for my family, they usually just browse the net, play media. non bloat so no ubungoo

I use arch btw, so complex to install but easy in daily usage is ok
>>
>>70964264
er...i dunno if non-bloat and user-friendly can go together
arch+xfce may be good enough for your purposes, i'm not sure how braindead you want it to be for your family though
>>
how do I most efficiently print the same line x nunmber of times, with an increasing index (ie example-file001.ext, example-file002.ext,...)? I know a while loop could do it, but I was wondering if there is simpler shell expansion or sed/awk command for that
>>
>>70964264
Back in the day we had crunchbang, which was a nice debian with just openbox and tint2. I think bunsenlabs is made by the same community.
>>
>>70964619
Look up "for loop" one liner.
>>
>>70964320
For some reason, I have muted firefox on my desktop computer and I can't really figure out why I can't unmute it.
I run kde, which have a way to mute a single application through the sound widget, but it isn't listed there and muting/unmuting it doesn't work either.
I don't know what to search for.
>>
>>70964619
echo example-file{001..004}.ext
>>
>>70964619
The while way:
i=1; while [ "$i" -le 3 ]; do echo "benis $i"; i="$((i+1))"; done
The for way:
for i in {1..3}; do echo "benis $i"; done
The c style way:
for((i=1;i<=3;i++)){ printf 'benis %d\n' "$i"; }

>>70964723
The :^) way.
>>
>>70964809
Forgot the until way:
i=1; until [ "$i" -gt 3 ]; do echo "benis $i"; i="$((i+1))"; done
>>
>>70964809
Why would you ever not just use the bash expansions for something simple like this?
You even used it in your for loop, so you are just making things more difficult to type out.
>>
shell scripting fucking SUCKS. everything is so fucking convoluted desu. fucking quotes, too.
>>
>>70958560
would it be easier just to install GNU/Linux on a usb stick ? and i dont mean just live booting. i want to install it from usb onto another
>>
>>70964860
No, no. I like your short and efficient solution, hence the carrot nose.
>>
>>70964865
It's pretty easy tbqh. Just quote your variables.
>>
>>70964865
It actually works remarkably well.
Maybe you are using it wrong.
Try giving an example of something you would do and I can share how I would script it.
>>
>>70964892
Again, as we established after my first reply I clearly don't actually understand your situation and how your data needs to be organized across your 2 disks (feel free to try and explain it more clearly if you want). But all I can say now is,
Is it "easier" due to your situation possibly requiring you to make room on exiting harddrives, shuffling data around, and resizing partitions? I have no idea, only you can decide that.
Is it "easier" in terms of doing the actual installation onto a clean usb vs. a clean harddrive? No, it's exactly the same.
>>
Asking here too. What is the difference betwen i and I? I know that i means case insensitive.

$ echo Benis | sed 's/b/x/gI'
xenis

$ echo Benis | sed 's/b/x/gi'
xenis
>>
>>70961853
>When I download tarballs, i expect to compile
That's a strange expectation; "tarballs" are just archives. Put the whole thing in /opt/icecat, then do whatever with $PATH or .desktop files so it can be easily accessed.
>>
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So I updated Arch and noticed that the kernel changed upon reboot. I found out that I can switch back to the left in the grub options, but whats the actual difference between 5.0.13-arch1 and 4.19.42-1-lts? Which should I use?
>>
>>70966263
Linux
>>
>>70964689
I figured it out.
Apparently, you can redirect different applications to different sound cards. Firefox was set to HDMI audio which does not have any speakers connected to it.
Huh.
>>
Can you change the desktop environment on Fedora Silverblue? I like it so far, but I do not like GAHNOME
>>
>>70966387
Obviously. Install a new one and it pops up in the display manager when you login.
You can also get rid of gnome and use a different display manager if you want.
>>
>>70966263
The latest one unless you're having problems with it. That's kind of the point of Arch.
>>
Just upgraded to 19.04 from 18.10 and at the end of it it had errors, apparently, and it said "your system is now in an unusable state".

Seems to work, though, but what fucked up? How do I find out what fucked up?
>>
holy moly. gnome terminal has a find thingy that works with tmux... and they went back to orange text selection
>>
>>70965273
There's no difference. The case-insensitive flag is not defined in the POSIX standard, so different implementations used either an uppercase or lowercase i. At least GNU sed supports both.
https://www.gnu.org/software/sed/manual/html_node/The-_0022s_0022-Command.html
>>
songs wont play in mpd on debian sid
ive tried multiple ports and addresses but none seem to work, anyone have any idea?
mpd.conf: https://pastebin.com/EMkm8n3V
>>
>>70966485
I guess I should've seen something looming when I saw this.
>>
>>70966562
halp
>>
>>70954445
Add a rule in bspwmrc that changes the border color also read the man page for bspwm and bspc
>>
>>70966579
Stop being vague then.
What have you done and what what you tested?
>>
>>70966536
nvm fixed it
>>
>>70966719
set up everything correctly and then try to connect to the webui and get connection refused. can't even get something plug and play work like rockstor to allow remote connections
>>
>>70966462
They're both up to date though, it's like I have a choice. In the update today, it's downloading both the lts and arch kernels simultaneously
>>
>>70966780
Kernel 4.19 came out last year, 5.13 came out this year. Which is more up to date?
>>
>>70966734
>webgui doesn't work
Okay, can you connect to the box through ssh or something? Is it a network thing? A software thing? A configuration thing?
>>
Is there an ftp client that has more then 10 simultaneous transfers?
I love filezilla but 10 transfers at one time is oudaates as fuck in 2019 when you're using a 1000mbit or higher connection.
>>
>>70966802
Not him but stop being a retarded nigger know-it-all faggot
https://www.kernel.org/
4.19 last update was yesterday so it is up to date, it's just the LTS version
>>
Installed keepassxc,installed the brower addon.Import all my passwords from firefox/chrome in to the database.
When i go to a website to login i see the green key lock, but when i to to login, it does not import any of my passwords, its literally doing nothing.
What teh fuck is this shit?
>>
>>70966802
yes but 4.19.43 came out today
>>
New Manjaro user here,
How what permissions do I give my home/username/pictures directory so that the login wallpaper will change to whatever I set as that same user's wallpaper?
I know I could just set the login wallpaper manually but would rather the image update whenever I change my user wallpepr.
Suggestions? iirc, it worked this way in xubuntu out of the box.
>>
>>70950601
Hi I have a weird problem with a semi-dual boot setup on my S440 Thinkpad. I am trying to experiment with Arch Linux. To do so I switch the SDD in my Thinkpad, to not evidentially override my windows partition. Everything works fine, but if I switch the SDDs to boot from Windows and afterwards back to Arch the Thinkpad tells me 'Configuration Changed', reboots and won't start from the Arch-SDD. I already checked with a liveimage if the partitions are still intact and accessible and they all look fine and can be accessed. Can anyone tell me what is going on?
>>
>>70967048
You shouldn't use Windows at all. It's horrible malware.
>>
>>70966521
Thank you senpai.
>>
>>70966387
DE have a huge impact in the system. It's not like a WM which you can install/uninstall without any leftbehinds. While it's indeed posdible and may just work, I wouldn't recommended switching DE, better do a clean install with the preferred DE.
>>
>>70966890
Holy fuck you retards will argue anything. Are you familiar with the concept of LTS? Are you telling me that CentOS 6 is just as up-to-date as Fedora 30?
>>
>>70967177
Tell that my boss
>>
>>70966387
>GAHNOME
Where do you people live that you pronounce stuff this shitty? Reminds me of gahnoo, which is actually pronounced gnew.
>>
>>70967048
If you're booting using UEFI, it might be that firmware resets the boot configuration (which resides in NVRAM instead of the disk) when you swap the drive. You might want to copy your boot loader (e.g. EFI/GRUB/grubx64.efi) to EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi (which is usually a copy of the Windows Boot Manager on a pure Windows machine) on the ESP to provide a default boot option.
>>
>>70967283
Get a job that doesn't cuck you.
>>
>>70966387
No. At the moment, Silverblue only officially supports GNOME + some WMs. There is also a third party thing that allows you to use KDE Plasma.
>>
>>70967328
Will do so next month. My current job is reallife Dilbert.
>>
>>70967295
Thanks. That could be. I will check that.
>>
I want to create package for AUR and I actually wrote PKGBUILD but what should I do now? I can't figure it out from reading the wiki. Am I supposed to create tar.xz package and upload it somewhere? If so where? Where do I put installation instructions, inside of it? Or in some separate file?
>>
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>>70950601
I have a dell latitude with a broadcom 5880 biometrics device(card reader, fingerprint and nfc) that is supposedly approved by cannonical, but isn't detected by fprint. how can one fix this?
>>
>>70967476
I Googled that for you and quickly discovered that Ubuntu lists the Broadcom BCM5880, which is both a smart card reader and a fingerprint reader, as a supported device because its smart card function works.
>>
>>70967793
so you mean to say that only the smartcard reader works? FUCK
>>
Help a tard please.
I have a MSI R9 390 gpu and Ubuntu is the only distro I've used that can actually go for more than 10 minutes without hanging the DE.
I thought it was because of the kernel and installed manjaro with the same kernel (4.18) and the thing shitted the bed in 10~ mins.
Any other anons with this gpu? what distro do you use?
>>
>>70950601
So idk if this is the place to ask but idk where else:

is there any way I can set up a media server on my debian PC so I can stream MP4s to my phone? preferably something I don't have to make an account for like with plex or anything, and also preferably something that can be password protected so other people on my wifi can't watch the MP4s. and before you ask, yes, it's porn
>>
>>70968032
>make html5 video control
>load content dinamically from hdd
>password protect it at application server if you want
>???
>profit
>>
>>70967863
As a disclaimer, it's been a long time since I used anything but Intel graphics, which just werks, so I do not know very much about graphics drivers.

It probably is because of the kernel. Different distros can use the same kernel version and have them configured differently.

In your situation I would start by trying to see whether or not the distro that works and the distro that doesn't are using the same graphics driver, which you can discover using lspci. If they are not, figure out how to use the driver that works in the distro you like, which you can do by googling it. If they are, use the distro you like, set up ssh access, wait until it freezes, then ssh in and check the kernel log for an error message that you can google.
>>
>>70968054
>set up ssh access, wait until it freezes, then ssh in and check the kernel log for an error message that you can google
Out of all the shit I've tried I can't believe I didn't think of sshing into the box after the DE died.
Thanks anon!
>>
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>>70960084
Please answer me
>>
>>70968051
so uh, how do I do this
>>
>>70968081
We both know the answer to that question anon. There's only 1 debian based distro that regularily updates their packages
>>
>>70968032
VLC can do sftp, so just start ssh on the machine and then sftp into it from the phone.
>>
>>70968081
ubuntu or mx linux
>>
>>70968081
actually why not just use something arch-based? debian distros are generally aimed at stability
>>
>>70960084
>>70968081
>Linux Mint 17
makes sense it is outdated, seeing as there is a 19.1 available.
>>
>>70950601
Which Distro of Linux would be the best for my laptop that with a 64 bits operating system, Which uses a Hard Disk HDD Toshiba MQ01ABF050 has only 2.00 GB of RAM has only 1.00 GHz, has an x64 processor, and also has AMD E1-2100 APU with Radeon (TM) HD Graphics?
>>
>>70968322
Gentoo
>>
>>70968440
This but unironically.
>>
>>70968440
And why would Gentoo be the best Linux for my laptop?

I look for a distro of Linuz that is light, that uses very little RAM, that needs few GHz, and that easy to use for a user that is totally new and beginner in Linux
>>
>>70968322
XUbuntu would be a good choice. Another distribution with the Xfce desktop if you don't like that one.

On a different note, I do advice you to replace that 500 GB Toshiba HDD with a SSD. It really will make a huge difference even on that slow E1-2100 APU. SSDs aren't overly expensive these days.
>>
Sorry, I'm not good enough at Linux yet.
>>
does enabling kprobes have any adverse effects on performance?
>>
>>70968603
Gentoo is always the best if beginner friendliness is not a stipulation, and you did not originally stipulate that. If you want to come here and ask for a distro, you need to tell us what you require of a distro.

Pick anything that uses LXQt or XFCE4 as a desktop environment so that it's light weight. Don't use a compositor. Pick something that a lot of other people use so that you can solve problems easily by googling things.

I recommend trying a few different ones out before you settle on one.

>>70968717
You also seem not to be very good at 4chan.
>>
>>70968603
you can try xubuntu to begin with
gentoo is not recommended for beginners as it's hard to learn and easy to fuck up if you don't know what you're doing
>>
>>70968706
Unfortunately, I do not have money to buy an SSD.

Is there any distro that is ideal for users without any experiance in Linux, having a laptop with an HDD disk, and that is a light distro that requires little RAM and few GHz need?
>>
how can I edit a pdf's index on Linux?
>>
>>70968774
Why would xubuntu be the best Linux for my poor laptop?

And what requirements does Xubuntu need?
>>
>>70968322
gonna have a bad time on this modern web regardless of distro so you should heavily restrict/block bullshit like ads/javascript/etc.
probably will be fine with anything running lxde, xfce, or mate.
>>
What would you recommend Lubuntu or is there a better option for me?
>>
>>70969385
>>70969443
What would you recommend Lubuntu or is there a better option for my laptop?
>>
>>70969463
Just fucking install it already and figure out if you like how it runs yourself.
>>
which is the best kernel for linux?
>>
>>70969626
Linux is the kernel.
>>
>>70950863
install a better OS

or check internet connection. either way works
>>
>>70969626
-libre
>>
whats a nice cpu-light DE ?
using gnome3 and i like the look but its a bit laggy
>inb4 wm
>>
>>70970017
XFCE4
>>
>>70968779
No, you need more money or you need to know what you're doing. If you pick a light weight Ubuntu spin, set up zswap correctly, and get the amdgpu driver dialed in right, you'll have a reasonably responsive computer. No guarantees about battery life.
>>
Why is MX the most popular distribution on distrowatch?
>>
>>70970719
because ranking means fuck all
>>
>>70970719
>distrowatch
stopped reading there
>>
COMPLETELY off topic question
I need to find a movie I watched years ago and suddenly came back to mind, but I only remember parts of the plot, no names of anything
is /tv/ the place to ask or will I just get trolled?
>>
>>70970843
>>>>>>>>/wsr/
>>
>>70970843
Fuck off anon.
Friendliness should have a limit.
>>
>>70970848
damn I don't think I've ever visited that board lol
thanks

@70970867
understandable but forget about that (you)
>>
>>70954773
Why oh why are jumping right to the difficult distros right at the start? I wonder this as someone who is in an esoteric distro myself.
>>
I'm wondering is there a simple way to get mpd to track the number of times a song has been played? I'm hoping for a plugin or something, but I'd go for installing another companion program.
>>
>>70950601
I just installed Fedora 30 Xfce. I installed IceCat from the repo but Sync gets stuck on Working, why? It worked just fine on Xubuntu 30 minutes ago.
>>
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>>70950601
I've done a little reading in the Guix manuel and found that it can automate downloading and compiling souse code. All it needs is a url, the build tool used and arguments. Unlike the AUR, you can get the software form the devs and spiffy how it is built. This makes the AUR obsolete and leaves me wondering why I should keep using Arch and I haven't read the all of the manual yet.
>>
>>70950601
How would I make shit like deadbeef and pycharm (or any jetbrains shit) runable from rofi?
>>
>>70971858
link the executable to somewhere in $PATH
>>
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>>70971846
I think that's why someone made this image in another thread.
Apparently you can also make an entire "repository" for guix to share your stuff with others just by starting a github/gitlab project and throwing all your custom .scm file package definitions into it.
>>
>>70972449
Where is the gentoomen's guix repo then?
>>
>>70972460
idk, we should make one I guess.
I think it'd be cool to throw in non-free stuff too so nobody can cry about it, and people can install guix with working wifi out of the box.
I already have a working package for that myself, so I could easily contribute it if anyone ever decides to start this project.
I also have a semi-functional Steam package too (semi-functional because I cannot for the life of me figure out Steams mystical black box library linking magic, so right now I just manually add some LD_LIBRARY_PATH stuff to my game launchers)
>>
>>70955129
Have you tried this?
https://st.suckless.org/patches/alpha/
>>
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>>70967014
bump for this please.
>>
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>>70959518
Cute.
>>
>>70972684
Try this.
https://askubuntu.com/questions/783595/xubuntu-15-10-and-16-04-cant-show-my-wallpaper-at-login-screenh
>>
>>70958653
It's useful for writing blocks of documentation into shell scripts that you want to display to the user.
>>
>>70973082
Taking a look, thank you!
>>
>>70972544
Does Guix support FOSS-but-patent-encumbered media codecs? If not, there would be a need for an RPM Fusion alike repo for H.264 and MP3.
>>
>>70973311
>there would be a need for an RPM Fusion alike repo for H.264 and MP3
The patents on MP3 have expired. So there's no need for that one. But generally there is a need for a non-free like repo for Guix. I know the whole point of Guix is to absolutely respect users freedom in every regard but there's not that much point in a repo which adds HEVC support when you can't even play it on AMD cards because the GPU firmware files aren't there. Yes, they are binary blobs. Some, like me, think the price of no-wifi and no gpu video decoding and things like that is a bit high.
>>
>>70973311
Are you referring to stuff like gst-plugins-ugly?
https://gstreamer.freedesktop.org/modules/gst-plugins-ugly.html
Because there is a standard guix package for that. I haven't encountered any media files I couldn't open.

>>70973488
>but there's not that much point in a repo which adds HEVC support when you can't even play it on AMD cards because the GPU firmware files aren't there
That would all come with a non-free repo. I'm using guixsd right now with the standard non-libre Linux kernel on an AMD card with the firmware. And I'm doing the same thing on my Laptop which gives me working wifi without any special usb dongle.
It's actually super easy to do.
>>
when we talk Guix, is it the whole system or just the package manager?
>>
>>70973539
Guix is just the package manager which you can run on any distro. GuixSD is what you call it when you use guix to deploy and manage a full operating system.
>>
>>70973608
Think people maybe be using them interchangeably, that's why I asked.
Do have Guix and just a handful of packages installed wit it, but don't think I want GuixSD on any of my machines quite yet.
>>
>>70971096
http://alip.github.io/mpdcron/
>>
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The newly announced Microarchitectural Data Sampling vulnerability in Intel CPUs is SERIOUS.

Kernel patches are now available. The Greg says everyone using Intel CPUs MUST upgrade.

https://linuxreviews.org//intel-mds-patches

Expect a 10% performance-penalty.
>>
Another day, another morning being greeted by the user login screen in Win10 because I was forced another throbbing update down my throat while I slept. All because I am still too much of a puss to switch because I want my vidya to still work.
>>
Accorsing to a letter from my isp, I have become part of some botnet trying to get into unsecured servers.
Pretty much some bot that scans for open ssh ports and try to login as user/minecraft/root etc.
I have reinstalled my windows machine and ahut down my debian server.
Chkrootkit and rkhunter gave no errors when I ran them on my debian machine.
Since Windows security never picked up anything, Im a bit afraid my linux server is conpromised.
How fucked am I?
>>
What are /g/ approved music players for Ubuntu ?
>>
>>70974839
aplay
>>
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I would like to multi pattern match using one command but i'm still learning linux and have no idea how. What I mean is this:

man mv | grep foo && grep bar

Instead of searching using with multiple grep statements is there a way to do this more efficiently in one go?
>>
>>70974853
Probably have to use sed for that
>>
>>70974853
grep -E '(foo|bar)'
>>
>>70974839
deadbeef

>>70974853
grep -e 'foo' -e 'bar'
>>
>>70974839
cmus
>>
>>70974921
>deadbeef
what's so good about it compared to audacious?
>>
>>70974986
> what's so good about it compared to audacious?
Or in my case, VLC?
>>
new thread
>>70975095
>>70975095
>>70975095
>>70975095
>>70975095
>>70975095
>>
Im trying to setup a server for Universal Media Server for streaming to different devices but the problem is that I can't run any .jar files. Im using Ubuntu 16.04 and have installed Oracle JDK 9 but even when running the .jar file in a terminal nothing happens but I did get an error earlier saying something about Oracle Java Virtual Machine. I've tried finding a way to install it but every source I can find says the package is missing. Is there any solution to running .jar files in Ubuntu/Debian?
>>
>>70976316
new thread dude
>>70975095



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